[Marxism] Celia Hart: For the First Declaration of Caracas: Boliviarians, To Defend The World!
walterlx at earthlink.net
Wed Nov 7 16:49:23 MST 2007
(This is Celia Hart's call for an all out mobilization in support
of constitutional reform in Venezuela. CubaNews is very proud to
present this translation of a document just written yesterday as
one small contribution toward the celebration today of the 90th
anniversary of the Russian Revolution. Forums, articles, public
ceremonies are marking this day here in Cuba. It should be widely
circulated among all who appreciate Celia Hart's contributions.
(Once again, the various ultrleftist sectarians and perfectionist
critics will have to make a decision: which side are they on?)
For the 1st Declaration of Caracas:
Bolivarians, to defend the world!
A CubaNews translation. Edited by Walter Lippmann.
Celia Hart - www.aporrea.org 06/11/07 -
We are on the brink of celebrating the 90th Anniversary of the
October Revolution, that beautiful, cherished uprising which asked
for nobody's permission to turn the hopes that the world might one
day belong to those who work on it into a reality.
Bread, land and freedom was the working class's battle cry in
Petrograd, even if many of them had heard Lenin's voice a mere couple
Leon Trotsky proved to be right: the Russian people ended up backing
the Workers, Soldiers and Peasants Councils, taking the Winter Palace
and forcing Kerensky to take his pettifogging views and rush out the
back door like greased lightning.
Ninety years later, history is repeating itself in the young
Bolivarian revolution. Having learned their lesson, its enemies are
poking their heads out everywhere, resolved this time to prevent
"Fidel's bearded men from entering Havana".
What defies all logic is that such aims be voiced by the retired
General Raúl Isaías Baduel, who without batting an eyelid is railing
against Hugo Chávez's plans to change the Venezuelan Magna Carta
then again, is it really that illogical? Is the enemy perhaps so
close as to go unnoticed? Or maybe that Imperialism and the oligarchy
are really trying to recreate that 11th? Two of them, in fact: April
11 in Caracas and September 11, 1973, in Chile!
Baduel said in a press conference that, "were the constitutional
reform be approved, it would actually be a coup d'état".
No one pretends to deprive him of his constitutional right to
criticize. Yet, criticizing is one thing, as in the case of many
comrades who have let it be known that they're unhappy about certain
reforms in their factories, battalions, etc.. But that the former
Secretary of Defense urges people "not to be fooled" barely a month
before a popular referendum to decide no less than the path to
socialism is another matter altogether. Who will fool them, the
National Assembly? That's not using his constitutional right by a
long shot. The most innocent of assessments would label him
irresponsible. At best, he's exercising the same constitutional right
of the opposition, namely that of the business world, the Catholic
hierarchy and a few other social subjects.
And may no one expect us to believe there's nothing behind General
Baudel's statements to the press conference on Monday.
A coup d'état -and by treachery- is what he's offering his people and
his revolution. Let him and every potential Kerensky go out through
the back door
and if there are any left in Miraflores
To name but one example: in Cuba, on January 1, 1959, as Batista fled
through the back door of the Presidential Palace, given the imminence
of the rebel army's victory following the unprecedented battle that
our Che waged in Santa Clara city, the counterrevolution attempted a
move wearing a constitutional and democratic disguise. At the time,
Fidel was in Santiago de Cuba.
It was there where Fidel, the most sagacious leader ever to match
revolutionary coherence and opportunity, shouted the slogan
"Revolution YES, Coup d'état NO"... no less suitable, it seems, to
the Venezuelan revolutionaries nowadays.
Despite the theoreticians' prayers about how times have changed, the
essence of it cannot be denied.
By going on a general strike we put to rest any intentions of
snatching the Cuban Revolution from us. And there you have it, we're
still around. May the Venezuelan people be able to protect what they
have built in years, even centuries, from any scheme or technicality
based on inaccuracies in the reforms!
Revolution YES, Venezuelans, with all the criticism and annotations
these new times demand; treason or Coup d'état, NO.
Going to the 18th century constitution route is pointless, since they
were far exceeded by the socialist ideas, whether or not Baudel likes
it or understands the term socialism.
Nor is it even necessary to mention the Bolsheviks to him. Suffice it
to remember 19th century in America (this America). Constitutional
Europe sanctified the misappropriation of our land. Now that's what
withholding power is about.
Young José Martí was flabbergasted when the newly founded Spanish
Republic, for all the air of liberty it had, refused to grant Cuba
"The incapacity does not lie with the emerging country (...); it lies
rather with those who attempt to rule nations (....) by means of laws
inherited from four centuries of freedom in the United States and
nineteen centuries of monarchy in France. A decree by Hamilton does
not halt the charge of the plainsman's horse (...) Government must
originate in the country. The spirit of government must be that of
the country," José Martí declared in his as yet misunderstood essay
It would be also worthwhile these days to read about Simón Bolívar's
adventures with the "Constitutions" and his ferocious intellectual
fight to put into practice what José Martí said one year later: "To
the country what belongs to the country and nothing more than what it
Let's reread, then, the Liberator's Angostura speech, where he shows
his permanent anxiousness to form a government for the Greater
Colombia. And that's what you have in your hands today, comrades. The
people of Venezuela have shown themselves to be hard to fool, aware
as they are of what they aim to achieve with the reform. Let's slam
the door in the face of this new breed of Santanders, so that the
constitutional reforms reach us all in our America.
Let's hope that, come December 2, when the Venezuelan people recall
in the polls the landing of the Granma yacht, we will be able to
dream of and reflect on the Constitution of a Great Colombia with
neither boundaries nor flags, as Cuban Foreign Minister comrade
Felipe Pérez Roque said in his recent and brilliant speech to the
Let all Bolivarian stations activate a rally like the one which put
Chávez back in power on April 13, 2002! Let no one stay at home,
waiting for the treacherous bourgeois television to tell us fairy
tales while it stabs the Revolution which most overindulges the
so-called democratic canons of all the three powers!
What is at stake these days is not the Reforms to the 1999 Bolivarian
Constitution, but a Revolution as significant to all of us everywhere
as the echoes of the cruiser Aurora were 90 years ago.
There will be time to see to what extent a reform can represent the
revolution, a matter we will all have to solve in due time. I shudder
to think of Rose Luxemburg's prophecies.
But that's a topic to be discussed some other time. José Martí
rightly said: "Either aims are set for the Revolution, or the
Revolution will set off aimlessly". If they spoil the referendum on
the reforms and try once again to manipulate us with their money and
to rig the election... then let the aimless Revolution begin.
All for Venezuela, where the world's future is being decided, and so
is the fate of my Revolution which, incidentally, has wasted no
breath in half-measures in almost 50 years of life, to the extent
that four years were enough to send shivers down capitalism's spine.
Comrades from Venezuela, you are the continuators of the Cuban
revolution. By protecting it you are giving the small, besieged
island the reward it deserves, you are giving our Fidel, ill though
he may be, the reward he deserves, for he's still protecting you from
his illness, and never did he need any constitution to carry out and
maintain the first socialist revolution in the western world and the
only one that still stands
waiting for yours.
The streets of Caracas should shake with the cry of "Socialism YES,
Capitalism NO. If we ever need the constitution for that purpose,
fine! However, let the goals of these reforms be clear to everyone.
Let the traitors, the rats and the fence sitters come out. It would
be a sure sign of the effective results of the fumigation.
There were traitors and renegades in Lenin's Russia, in China, and
also here in Cuba. It was because of the military traitor Hubert
Matos that we lost our unforgettable Camilo Cienfuegos.
That's why the rallying cry is YES: Yes to the socialist revolution.
We in Cuba were shouting it to imperialism a mere two years after the
triumph: "That's what the United States can't forgive, that we've
made a socialist revolution right under their nose", said Fidel in
front of a crowd inflamed with passion. A few hours later there was
Bay of Pigs, and a few more hours after that we kicked them out of
here. Yet many scholars still question from the comfort of their easy
chairs whether or not Fidel was compelled by the circumstances to
become a socialist!
I'm sure some will say things were different then, and they're right.
Regardless, when the time comes to think and take stock, we'll have
to admit the Cuban revolution has been the most "efficient" of all
and I'm being anything but chauvinistic. But the continuity of this
revolution of Fidel and Che Guevara relies on the efficiency of the
Let the YES to the reform of the 69 articles in the Constitution
become a YES to the socialist revolution led by the Commander born in
the state of Barinas! Every factory, school and revolutionary
household in Venezuela must stay awake
so that the Earth loses no
In the meantime, those of us across the seas and beyond rivers and
jungles must set in motion every revolutionary media (the only ones I
trust) to keep the revolution from being the victim of another coup.
By the grace of communication, we must put our keyboards and cameras
at the disposal of the Bolivarian revolution and put up an
information network to provide the Venezuelans with feedback.
Capitalism is said to have created its own gravediggers: the
proletariat. I would add that it also gave us the Internet to do
As to Commander Chávez, now he can take off the tricolored armband,
put on his red beret, recover from the flu so that his voice (his
best weapon) can get even better and, together with his people and
millions others elsewhere who stand by his project, emulate the First
Declaration of Havana with the First Declaration of Caracas, a
Declaration of Principles in front of the beautiful Venezuelan people
and for all peoples of the world.
Both the First and the Second Declarations of Havana look fresh off
the press, so I'm herein urging my friend readers to check for
Just replace some countries with others and you'll see.
And let Commander Chávez tell the gringos -and their local oligarchs,
who forever will be the last card in the pack, as assured by Che- to
beware of their own 11s, because Caracas will live forever on the
13th, if it comes to that.
And right after that, "shake the tree, Chávez -like they used to say
in Havana almost 50 years ago- to make the rotten oranges fall once
and for all!"
Let's all unite against those who think it's possible to snatch the
dream of a Bolivarian Venezuela out of the world's hands. And let's
do it through a socialist revolution, so that this time over the good
Simón Bolívar doesn't have to flog a dead horse and returns instead,
splendid and happy, from Santa Marta to Caracas. And this time for
Socialism or Death
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