Bolshevism & fascism
uburoi at panix.com
Thu Aug 4 11:56:59 MDT 1994
Donna Jones says, Without the Russian Revolution, would the Spartacists
have won in Germany?
Well, maybe not. But the German proletariat was not defeated once and for
all in 1918. A revolutionary situation pertained in Germany until about
1923, when the Dawes Plan helped stabilize the German economy and reign
in the hyperinflation. Having been betrayed by Social Democracy, but
without Bolshevism as an alternate pole of attraction, it does seem very
likely (although this is of course speculation) that the most radical
German workers would have found different--and perhaps more
effective--means of struggle, such as a resurgence of the council movement.
The German Communist Party (KPD) which grew out of the Spartacists, would
not have been under control of Moscow bureaucrats. It's quite possible
that it would still have gone wrong, but less likely, because a
revolution in a West European country with a fully developed industrial
revolution would have had much better prospects than isolated Russia. The
best scenario would have been workers in power in both Germany and
Russia, supporting each other. If that had happened, how it would have
affected the development of fascist movements in other west European
countries is anyone's guess.
About neo-fascism today: I think the danger is exaggerated,
except maybe in the case of Russia! There people have fallen heavily,
feel extremely humiliated, and experience real hardship, like the Germans
after WWI. But in the 'West' (including Germany) a lot of the conditions
that accompanied the rise of protofascism at the end of the last century
do not pertain anymore. For example, scientific racism and social
Darwinism no longer enjoy official sanction. And it seems unlikely that
the ruling classes of the great powers would want to see a situation like
that of WWII, with their class divided into two camps, fascist and
antifascist. They too have learned from history, and know how dangerous
it would be for them to allow ideological fanatics to gain control of the
state again. In the future, the main adversary for a (zero)workers'
revolution will be democracy, not fascism.
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