FAIR: RIGHT WING TERRORISM (fwd)

Justin Schwartz jschwart at freenet.columbus.oh.us
Tue Apr 25 08:50:54 MDT 1995





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Subject: FAIR: RIGHT WING TERRORISM (fwd)

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Subject: FAIR: RIGHT WING TERRORISM

 /* Written by fair in igc:fair */
 /* ---------- "Right-wing radio supports militia" ---------- */
 From: Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting <fair>

 April 21, 1995
 MEDIA ADVISORY: RIGHT-WING TALK RADIO SUPPORTS MILITIA MOVEMENT

 With the Oklahoma bombing case increasingly being linked to the
 right-wing "militia movement," you may find this article, from the
 most recent issue of EXTRA!, to be of interest.  The article, by
 Leslie Jorgenson, discusses how talk radio hosts have promoted
 militia activity.

 For more information on FAIR, send a blank e-mail message to
 fair-info at igc.apc.org FAIR's URL is http://www.fair.org/fair/
 Here is the article form in the March/April issue of EXTRA!:

 AM ARMIES:
 Talkshow hosts like Chuck Baker have urged listeners to stockpile
 weapons, join private militias and march on Washington. One of
 Baker's listeners was arrested for trying to kill the president.

 By Leslie Jorgensen

 Tired of easy listening? If you're in Colorado Springs, you can
 tune into KVOR, where talkshow host Chuck Baker mimics the sound of
 a firing pin--"kching-kching"--as he raves against the government
 and talks to listeners about shooting members of Congress and
 forming guerilla cells.

 Baker's three-hour talkshow piggy-backs Rush Limbaugh, forming a
 solid bloc of conservative talk five days a week. But Baker's show
 took a radical turn to the right last summer, when he found that
 more callers were associated with the "patriot" movement than the
 Republican Party.

 "Patriot" is a generic term for an anti-government movement that
 unites divergent groups across the country in a war against the
 "New World Order," seen as a conspiracy to create a single global
 government rooted in socialism. The movement ranges from Christian
 Coalition members, who are fed up with public education and
 legalized abortion, to AK-47-shooting militia members who believe
 that Clinton and liberals are disarming Americans to leave them
 defenseless against "Big Brother." (See Denver Post, 1/22/95)

 Suddenly, Baker began discussing the need for an armed revolution
 to take out the "slime balls" in Congress and bureaucrats "who are
 too stupid to get a job." The topics Baker addresses are the
 "patriot" movement's obsessions: the raid on the Branch Davidian
 Compound in Texas; the FBI's assault on Idaho tax-resister Randy
 Weaver; a secret national police force under Janet Reno's command;
 spying black helicopters, microchips planted in babies, finger-
 printed drivers' licenses.

 Baker's guests read like a who's who of the armed right, including
 Linda Thompson, "adjutant general" of the Unorganized Militia of
 the United States; Arizona's Graham County Sheriff Richard Mack,
 waging a legal battle against the Brady Bill; Larry Pratt, head of
 Gunowners of America; Colorado legislator Charlie Duke, a self-
 proclaimed part-time revolutionary; and Rev. Pete Peters, who
 believes God wants gays condemned to death and warns against mixing
 with Jews and minority races.

 Government "Cleansing"

 Gloating over Sheriff Mack's lawsuit against the Brady Bill, and
 already counting on victory, Baker said, "We're not going to rest
 on that, and be assured that creeps like Metzenbaum and Kennedy are
 going to think that we're sitting back thinking, 'Well the Brady
 law has been defeated or declared unconstitutional.' You know how
 these slime balls operate. The only way you're ever going to get
 rid of Metzenbaum is when you're finally at a point that you can
 stand over there, put the dirt on top of the box and say, 'I'm
 pretty sure he's in there.'"

 Baker discussed with callers the pros and cons of forming six- to
 eight-man militia cells for urban and rural guerilla warfare; the
 host provided the phone number of the 500-member Save America
 Militia (now the El Paso County Militia). Since June, at least five
 militias have formed in Colorado Springs, along with the statewide
 Colorado Free Militia.

 On Baker's show (8/29/94), Linda Thompson promoted her (later
 aborted) armed march on Washington to remove "traitors" from
 Congress: "We have 2 million U.S. troops, half of them are out of
 the country. Of the remaining half, half of them are not combat-
 trained. The best they could come up with all of the troops they
 could muster would be 500,000 people. They would be outnumbered
 five to one, if only 1 percent of the country went up against
 them."

 "Linda, I've been told by every military person I've talked to that
 they would not stand there and take the side of government," Baker
 responded, broadcasting from the Monument Gun Shop. "They would
 come over to our side."

 After the passage of the omnibus crime bill, callers on Baker's
 show raged against the restrictions on semiautomatic rifles. "The
 problem we have right now is who do we shoot," a caller named
 Jacques said (9/6/94). "Other than Kennedy, Foley and Mitchell, the
 others are borderline traitors. They're the kingpins right now,
 beside the Slick One [Clinton].... We're going to have to make
 plans.... You've got to get your ammo.... We cannot do it as
 individuals, we have got to do it as an orchestrated militia."

 Baker seemed sympathetic to this proposal: "Am I advocating the
 overthrow of this government?... I'm advocating the cleansing," he
 declared. "If you combined everybody in the United States of
 America that you would even estimate to be on the other side, you
 would only have a drop in the bucket compared to the masses in
 rebellion," Baker said. "Why are we sitting here?"

 A caller named Eva warned Baker (9/6/94) that he "was coming
 perilously close to advocating the violent overthrow of the United
 States government." Baker replied, "It's provided for in the
 Constitution.... It's well within my right under free speech."

 "You can do many things under the First Amendment, but you can't
 shout fire in a crowded theater," Eva countered. "I think making
 the gun sound you could incite someone a little less stable to take
 that route. I think you need to think a little bit more about the
 responsibility.... I think to many people [the sound of a firing
 pin] would signify that what you are advocating is violence to
 change what you perceive is wrong, it is armed rebellion."

 "An armed revolution," Baker corrected.

 A Fan's Shooting Spree

 One listener who didn't just sit there was Francisco Martin Duran.
 On Oct. 29, 1994, the self-professed fan of Baker and Limbaugh
 fired nearly 30 bullets at the White House. The pickup truck he
 drove to Washington bore the bumper sticker with the Bakeresque
 message, "Fire Butch Reno."

 Duran, who was active in militia activities in Colorado Springs,
 had nearly two months earlier threatened to go "to Washington to
 take someone out" in a call to Sen. Ben Nighthorse Campbell's
 office in Colorado Springs.

 But Duran's warning went unnoticed--mainly because he was far from
 alone. "Numerous calls? I would call it an avalanche," said Carol
 Knight, Campbell's press secretary. "Each call was more obscene,
 threatening and mean than the one before." Apparently, Chuck
 Baker's show (8/23/94) had urged listeners to vent their
 displeasure at the passage of the crime bill--and Duran was one of
 hundreds who responded (Denver Post, 11/17/94).

 When Baker heard about Duran's shooting spree, he cut short a board
 meeting of the National Association of Radio Talk Show Hosts
 (NARTSH) in St. Louis. (Baker has sat on the association's 25-
 member national board and six-member international board.) He said
 his wife told him she'd been flooded with calls from the major
 television networks and news media. Baker recalled, "She said,
 'They're blaming you.'"

 After two weeks of news stories on the possible influence of Baker
 and Limbaugh on Duran, Baker dropped out for a while. He signed off
 abruptly (11/15/94): "Let me sum this all up for you quickly. I'm
 leaving. Gonna go away for a while and I'm sure that will make some
 of you left-wing liberals very, very happy. Three hours a day, five
 days a week can be trying.... So what if the jerk, the wacko, the
 creep, this piece of crap that shot the White House said that. If
 he thinks I and Rush Limbaugh are the reasons he went there, then
 the man needs psychiatric counseling to the first degree."

 In December, Baker returned ahead of schedule, to the relief of his
 fans. The station management said they had a new policy: Apparently
 their host would show more restraint and curb the name-calling.
 Baker confesses it's a bad habit he plans to break. Now, he gives
 militia phone numbers and contacts off the air.

 Like all good resolutions, Baker's was put to the test. On Jan. 19,
 a caller complained that Baker had referred to two black state
 representatives as "the focus of evil." "You also referred to Pat
 Schroeder as 'Patsy Schroeder, a slime-sucking liberal feminazi,'"
 the caller said.

 "No, no, never have," protested Baker. "I referred to Patsy as the
 Congress-thing, the womanoid."

 Hate on the Air

 Baker said if people don't like his show, "you reach down there to
 that little knob and turn it off, and then you become responsible
 for your own personal behavior."

 "Listeners have a responsibility for their own lives," Baker told
 EXTRA!. "It's a cop-out to blame people on the radio or on the
 television or in the newspaper for something that you may do. Don't
 say that I did it because...Chuck Baker, Rush Limbaugh or Dan
 Rather told me to do it."

 Carol Nashe co-founder and executive director of NARTSH, was asked
 if Baker had stepped over any lines by discussing the murder of
 members of Congress. "You're trying to put a muzzle on free
 speech," she responded. "That's exactly what we do not want.
 Everyone has a right to their opinion. Chuck Baker is a good host
 and knows how to talk to people and calm them down."

 Nashe said she's unaware of any segment of the population espousing
 anger and hatred, forming militias and talking about revolution.
 Evidentally, she hasn't tuned into Baker's show--or to other
 similar programs, like Bob Mohan's on KFYI in Phoenix.

 Mohan hurled insults at Sarah Brady, who lobbied for the Brady Bill
 on behalf of her husband Jim Brady, permanently disabled during an
 assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan. "You know, she
 ought to be put down," Mohan said. "A humane shot at a
 veterinarian's would be an easy way to do it.... I wish she would
 just keep wheeling her husband around...wiping the saliva off his
 mouth once in a while--and leave the rest of us damn well alone."

 On the USA Patriot Network, broadcast on two Colorado AM radio
 stations, host Norm Resnick read excerpts from a religious right
 newsletter touting a new book about Hillary Clinton, Big Sister Is
 Watching You. "New book unmasks Hillary's Hellcats," Resnick
 proclaimed, naming Janet Reno (the "duchess of doom"), Jocelyn
 Elders ("condom queen extraordinaire"), Maya Angelou ("a former
 stripper, prostitute and madam"), Donna Shalala ("high priestess of
 hate"), Roberta Achtenberg (a "lesbo crazy") and Ruth Bader
 Ginsberg ("child molesters' best friend").

 Watergate felon and talk radio host G. Gordon Liddy has expressed
 sympathy for the militias. An FCC complaint filed against Liddy
 charged that he had instructed listeners (8/26/94) in how to kill
 Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) agents: "They've got
 a big target on there, ATF. Don't shoot at that because they've got
 a vest on underneath that. Head shots, head shots.... Kill the sons
 of bitches." (Indianapolis News, 9/2/94)

 As for Rush Limbaugh, he has been characterized as too liberal by
 the growing "patriot" movement. In December, Denver KNUS talkshow
 host Peter Boyles featured John Schlosser, commander of the
 Colorado Free Militia and a former news director of the USA Patriot
 Network. Agreeing with a caller who deemed Limbaugh is "a Judas
 goat," Schlosser said Limbaugh is an entertainer, too commercial,
 and too cozy with the Washington establishment and corporate
 sponsors.

 Who would have ever thought Limbaugh would be tossed into the den
 with liberal mainstream media? A favorite target of the right, the
 media are accused of perpetuating the New World Order, unfair
 reporting and skewing the truth. Because journalists can't be
 trusted, the patriot movement is turning to conservative radio
 talkshows on AM and shortwave stations for the "facts."

 Groups like Citizens Project in Colorado Springs, which monitors
 Baker's show, have considered filing a complaint against Baker and
 KVOR with the FCC. But the First Amendment offers broad protection
 for speech; the FCC cannot take action unless it can be proven that
 "speech is directed toward inciting imminent lawless action, and is
 likely to produce such action." (letter from FCC to Anti-Defamation
 League of B'nai Brith)

 According to NARTSH's Nashe, there are no professional guidelines
 stricter than whatever the law allows. "FCC has guidelines
 regarding swearing or saying things inappropriate on the air. Our
 association does not set guidelines because we are proponents of
 the First Amendment," said Nashe. "I don't think they're talking
 about the overthrow of the government. I think they're having fun!"

 [Leslie Jorgenson is a contributing editor for the Colorado
 Statesman newspaper.]

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 /* Written by fair in igc:fair */
 /* ---------- "FAIR on Oklahoma terror coverage" ---------- */
 From: Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting <fair>

                           CounterSpin

 b'cast week 5/21-5/27/95

 [The following is a partial transcript from FAIR's syndicated radio
 program, CounterSpin, recorded on Thursday April 20. For
 information on FAIR, send a blank e-mail message to
 fair-info at igc.apc.org for a listing of stations that air
 CounterSpin send to counterspin-info at igc.apc.org
 FAIR's URL is: http://www.fair.org/fair/  ]

 Laura Flanders: Today on CounterSpin: rushing in where responsible
 reporters might fear to tread - We'll take a look at how the
 mainstream media broke the Oklahoma bombing story, and sacrificed
 some facts for speed. We'll also hear from Southern Exposure
 editor, Ron Nixon, on how some science writers dispense with
 research altogether -- and sell their services directly to chemical
 corporations who will pay for friendly reporting.  And as the
 public debate about Robert McNamara's book begins to calm, we'll
 talk to one Vietnam veteran who thinks the discussion has unfairly
 represented vets and vastly underestimated the continuing death
 toll of what was once called McNamara's war.

 Janine Jackson: The bombing of a federal office building in
 Oklahoma City eclipsed all other stories this week. As we tape this
 show, we know very little about who may have been behind the
 bombing. But we do know that at crisis moments like this,
 journalists sometimes feel free to speculate without evidence in a
 way that is defamatory and harmful. If the incident involves
 terrorism, the tendency to generalize about "foreigners" and
 especially Muslims can be offensive. Tom Snyder on CBS the night of
 the explosion did a segment on "Mideast behavior and terrorism" in
 which he examined "the mideast mindset" noting that there are
 "Islamic students in Oklahoma."  The New York Times on April 20 had
 a guess as to why terrorists might have been in Oklahoma City:
 "Some Middle Eastern groups have held meetings there, and the city
 is home to at least three mosques." Does the Times believe that
 attending a mosque is terrorist behavior? CBS Evening News on the
 19th used commentary from Steven Emerson, whose insight included
 the following:

 "This was done with the intent to inflict as many casualties as
 possible. That is a Mideastern trait."

 A Mideast trait? Even if a Muslim or Islamic extremist group
 turns out to be involved, there is no excuse for journalists' lazy
 and dangerous equation of Muslim and terrorists. The New York Post
 by April 20 had already learned all they needed to know; their
 editorial called for military action and said "Knowing that the car
 bomb indicates Middle Eastern terrorists at work, it's safe to
 assume that their goal is to promote free-floating fear and a
 measure of anarchy, thereby disrupting American life."

 LF:  Steven Emerson, as we've discussed here before, is a
 frequently appearing "Islamic terrorism expert".  The trouble with
 these experts is that media keep using them, no matter how often
 they're proven wrong. After the World Trade Center bombing two
 years ago, Emerson reported for CNN that the "bomber or bombers may
 be from one of the former Yugoslav republics." Three days later,
 after Mohammed Salameh was arrested in connection with the bombing,
 Emerson was writing for the Wall Street Journal as an expert on the
 Islamic fundamentalist threat. Another expert being asked to
 comment on Oklahoma city is Vincent Cannistraro, former CIA
 official who direct covert operations for National Security Council
 during the Iran-contra operations. Cannistraro gave a story to the
 San Francisco Examiner in March of 1991 in which he claimed that
 environmentalists were secretly at work on a plot to rid earth of
 humankind. "There are small organized clandestine cells working on
 the development of technologies to diminish or even eliminate the
 race of man from the earth," Cannistraro told the paper.

 It was interesting to note, Janine, that the New York Times story
 you just referred to, the one from March 20, was accompanied by a
 sidebar on "Other Bombings in America". The list included bombings
 as far back as 1951 and bombings where no one was hurt, but nowhere
 did it mention even one attack on a women's health clinic. The
 National Abortion Federation has counted 40 bombings targeting
 abortion providers in the States since 1977.  The New York Times
 counted zero. And if one really wanted to get picky with the Times,
 one could point out that the United States is just one part of
 America.  An accounting of bombing across the continent would be an
 endless list -- and one that includes, for example, the famous car-
 bomb in Santiago Chile that murdered Salvador Allende's press
 minister Orlando Letelier and his assistant Ronnie Moffit -- That
 car-bombing has since been shown to have been facilitated by the
 CIA -- perhaps that's why it's easier for the Times to say America
 -- and just to mean The USA.

 JJ: Sometimes the news contradicted itself. The New York Times on
 the 20th said that the rightwing militias probably weren't involved
 because "neither the Branch Davidians nor right-wing militia groups
 that have protested the Government's handling of the Davidians were
 believed to have the technical expertise to engage in bombings like
 the one today". But right across the page was an article headlined
 "The Tools of a Terrorist: Everywhere for Anyone" that explained
 how "cheap and easy" bombs of the fertilizer and chemical type are
 to make.

 LF: Viewers who have not yet become entirely cynical may have been
 shocked April 16, to see Rush Limbaugh as part of the discussion
 group on the "serious" Sunday morning show, This Week with David
 Brinkley. It is especially ironic that Limbaugh should be invited
 into the pundit elite just now as FAIR is releasing a book on
 Limbaugh's pronounced inability to face facts -- his claims that
 the US has more acres of forestland today than at the time the
 Constitution was written, that styrofoam is biodegradable, that
 nicotine has not been proven to be addictive and so on. When he's
 called on his fibs, and on his refusal to correct them, Limbaugh
 likes to claim that he shouldn't be held to a standards of
 journalism, because he's "just an entertainer."
 It wasn't particularly entertaining to see Limbaugh on Brinkley.
 Adding further insult to the injury to the show's credibility,
 Limbaugh--who has delivered two or three different versions of how
 he personally avoided the draft--along with another hawk, George
 Will, who spent the Vietnam War in a library at Princeton--were
 discussing the "moral cowardice" of former Secretary of State
 Robert McNamara.

 We have plenty of problems with media punditfests in general. Yet
 Limbaugh on David Brinkley seemed to cross some kind of a line. If
 you have thoughts about Limbaugh claiming a spot on what's intended
 anyway to be a forum for journalists--you might let This Week with
 David Brinkley hear them. Their fax number is 202 887-7977 or phone
 202 887-7375.

 Counterspin listeners may recall the documentary film,
 "Manufacturing Consent: Noam Chomsky and the Media". It was a
 provocative and engaging look at the life and work of the eminent
 linguist and activist, once referred to by the New York Times, as
 "arguably the most important intellectual alive." Well now the film
 has a chance of reaching an even wider audience with its critical
 and important media analysis. On May 1st, the CEN (the Central
 Educational Network) will offer all public TV stations a preview of
 a special 2 hour version of Manufacturing Consent. The stations
 will then have three weeks to decide whether to buy the program for
 later broadcast. We know that the current political climate has led
 public broadcasters to shy away from anything that conservative
 Congresspeople might not like, and this film focusing on one of the
 most articulate critics of US foreign policy would certainly fall
 in that category. That's why public TV stations need to hear from
 you now, to let them know you'll support the airing of this film.
 Again, the film Manufacturing Consent: Noam Chomsky and the Media
 will be made available by satellite feed to all public tv stations
 on May 1st. Ask your local pbs station to take that feed, or ask
 them to call Central Educational Network for more information at
 708 390-8704.

 We talk a lot on CounterSpin about the influence corporate owners
 and sponsors can have on the scope and content of news reporting.
 That's because, whatever the good intentions of journalists, it
 does matter who signs the checks, and in a battle between the truth
 and the owner's favored point of view, the truth sometimes comes
 out the loser. It isn't just media outlets that find themselves
 open to corporate influence because of their reliance on corporate
 dollars. Academic and scientific institutions and publications are
 increasingly taking advantage of funding from big business, but
 only lately are people starting to question the effect of that
 sponsorship on the scientific research produced. "Truth to the
 Highest Bidder: Science for Sale" is the title of a very
 interesting article in the Spring 1995 issue of CovertAction. The
 piece was written by Ron Nixon, contributing editor for Southern
 Exposure magazine. Ron Nixon is with us now  by phone from North
 Carolina....
 [guest segment]

 The excitement over Robert McNamara's "In Retrospect" is beginning
 to fade, But in the wake of all the discussion of what the former
 Secretary of Defense calls the Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam --
 it's clear that many lessons have yet to be learnt, and the truth
 about the tragedy is far from out.  Our next guest is a Veteran of
 Vietnam, like McNamara, but unlike the statesman, Ben Chitty was on
 the front line...
 [guest segment]

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 /* Written dyurman in igc:western.lands */
 /* ---------- "4/17/95: A Night on Bald Mountain" ---------- */
 A NIGHT ON BALD MOUNTAIN

 Idaho Wilderness Gathering Sets the Stage
 for Change from Talk to Action for Militia Groups

 Dateline -- Post Falls, ID: April 17, 1995

 */ compiled from the reports by the Associated Press, /*
 */ the Idaho Falls Post Register, and other sources   /*

 Nearly 300 supporters of the militia movement gathered this
 weekend in Post Falls, Idaho, to send a signal of rebellion to
 the rest of America.  While many in America celerbated spiritual
 renewal as part of Easter or Passover observances this past
 weekend, an embittered alliance of extreme right wing groups
 strengthened itself for action in this wild and remote corner of
 the continent.

 Haunted and driven by the specters of real amd imagined attacks
 on individual liberties, they came from all corners of the
 country and from as far away as Hawaii.  Including citizens
 militia, white supremacists, tax protestors, and
 constitutionalists, they appeared to arrive out of the gloom of
 40 years of "keeping the faith" like devils' disciples convening
 for a night on bald mountain.

 Fiery rhetoric pierced the evening skies as speaker after speaker
 denounced the spirits and apparitions of gun control and taxes,
 and they invoked the twin icons of the stand-off at Ruby Ridge,
 Idaho, and the massacre at Waco, TX.

 "Rebellion is in the air and I love it," said Eustace Mullins, a
 Staunton, VA-based activist and the featured speaker at the
 Northwest Liberty Network Seminar.  "All over the country, people
 are rising up."

 M.J. "Red" Beckman, a tax protestor from Billings, MT, echoed
 Mullins' call for "revolutionary changes."  He said, "these are
 needed to reverse federal laws that have eroded rights guaranteed
 under the constitution.  A revolution of truth, not a bloody
 government overthrow, is needed."

 Beckman said that supporters of militia, constitutionalists,
 white supremacists, and tax protestors were banding together to
 act to counter government propaganda.

 "We've had an overthrow of our lawful government," he said.  And
 he charged, "the people have been duped into believing that the
 government is actually serving them though the opposite is
 actually the case."

 Other speakers at the meeting urged participants to write letters
 of support for Anne Fox, Idaho's state superintendent of public
 instruction.  And still others gathered signatures for petitions
 to return ownership of federal lands to the states.  Mullins
 distributed copies of his books which address topics ranging from
 racial theories about Jews to the Federal Reserve System.

 While Beckman and Mullins were fueling the flames of rebellion in
 Post Falls, Idaho, next door in Montana game wardens and Ravalli
 County officials seized the elk herd of Calvin Greenup at the
 fugitive militia leader's home south of Darby.  Authorities said
 Greenup, who is wanted on charges of felony obstruction of
 justice and failure to pay state income taxes, lacked a state
 license to operate a game farm.

 Despite this setback for the Montana militia, Mullins struck a
 note of bravado.  He said the militia and its supporters are now
 strong enough to act together instead of just talk about
 protesting taxes and gun laws.


 A service of the Econet Western Lands Gopher Service
 ----------------------------------------------------
 Path=1/environment/forests/western.lands
 Host=gopher.igc.apc.org
 URL=gopher://gopher.igc.apc.org:70/11/environment/forests/western.lands

 END

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