Fascism defined? How? (fwd)

Chegitz Guevara mluziett at shrike.depaul.edu
Thu Oct 19 21:27:40 MDT 1995

Marc, "the Chegitz," Luzietti

	"Behold, they are as one people, and they all have one language;    
and this is only the begining of what they will do; and nothing that they 
propose to do will now be impossible for them." -- GOD, on solidarity

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Thu, 19 Oct 1995 20:20:52 -0700 (PDT)
From: Chris Faatz <cfaatz at teleport.com>
To: mluziett at shrike.depaul.edu
Subject: Fascism defined? How? (fwd)

Subject: Fascism defined? How?

This is a post from the counter-revolution group. Seems like a good opener
to a discussion of "what is fascism?" Many organizations are calling the
current regime fascistic; others are indicating the fascist potential in
the growth of big capital and its increased attacks on working people and
the oppressed. Others are still niggling over the details of something or
other that others don't remember.

So, folks: what is fascism? Are we heading in that direction? Is it correct
to call Clinton a representative of fascistic tendencies? The militias as
a whole? Prime Minister Major? What about the new drive of the corporate
elite? Do traditional analyses of fascism hold up in this period? What's 
the best way--or what are the best *ways* to organize against fascists and
against fascistic ideology in a left that, at best, is super-fragmented
and trying to re-discover (at least in part) its own meaning?


"This is my simple religion. There is no need for temples; no need for 
complicated philosophy. Our own brain, our own heart is our temple; the
philosophy is kindness." --The 14th Dalai Lama*******cfaatz at teleport.com

Subject: (fwd) Fascism defined (was Re: Surfascism Page)

Fascism has always been a heterogeneous ideology. It has always 
embraced a myriad of political and economic strategies, as Mr.
Rotov as correctly pointed out. However, whether or not we are
talking about corporatists and syndicalists (in Italy) or racial
nationalists (in Germany), or a combination of these ideas in
other nations, we can still identify and define a generic fascism
whic would also embrace National Socialism. While all fascists
have traditionally embraced flexible tactics to gain power (the
only way to implement one's program), they nevertheless share
certain core ideals common to all such movements.

First among these is nationalism and, in a logical extension, 
imperialism. All fascists view the Nation as the pillar of 
human existence. In Italy, Mussolini sought to create a sense
of national consciousness and social unity where little had
existed before. In Germany, Hitler wanted to liberate these
preexisting ideals from modernist decadence. In Britain, Mosley
sought to reinvigorate British nationalism by a new drive for
Empire and imperial autarchy (something also done by Il Duce).
Whether or not the Nation was defined in racial terms (NS) or
in territorial claims (Italian Fascism), nationalism was a
common denominator between all fascist movements.

A second aspect of generic fascism is the desire to create a
new economic and social order that rejects both capitalism 
and communism. In Italy, this embraced more traditional forms
of corporatism and later, under the "Salo Republic", a more
radical variation that bordered on syndicalism. In Germany,
there was a division between the Strasserites (who favoured
"national bolshevism") and the Hitlerites, who embraced a
more conservative approach to corporatism. The latter faction
prevailed with the creation of the German Labour Front under
Robert Ley. Nevertheless, both "right" and "left" forms of
corporatism represented a break with existing dogmas.

A third characteristic of all fascist movements was the desire
to renew the moral and spiritual life of the People. In Italy
(and Spain and Portugal), this was primarily done in conjunction
with Catholicism although Mussolini was more independent of the
Church than either Franco or Salazar. In Germany, the approach
veered between the "postive Christianity" of Rosenberg and the
Germanic Christians movement and the neo-paganism of Himmler
and Walther Darre's "Blood and Soil" ideal. Again, no matter
what form of spirituality, we are still talking about an inner
revival of the Race and Nation in the service of moral strength
and spiritual health.

Of course, there are other aspects which could be cited, like
the leadership principle, ruralist idealism, statism and so
on. However, my principal aim was to address briefly some key philospohical similarities.

I concur with Mr. Rotov's view that national fascisms were of a
differentiated variety and were by no means monolithic. They varies
from nation to nation in accord with social differences. Hoever,
I still submit there are essential similarities between all of
them, for the reasons cited above.

     --- from list marxism at lists.village.virginia.edu ---

More information about the Marxism mailing list