PCP's MASS LINE (Part 2)

Luis Quispe lquispe at blythe.org
Wed Apr 24 22:56:59 MDT 1996


             MASS LINE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF PERU
                    Part 2 of a series of 4

2.  THE PRINCIPAL ASPECT OF MASS WORK IS POLITICAL POWER, BUT THE
    STRUGGLE FOR ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL DEMANDS IS NECESSARY

Basing himself on Chaiman Mao's thesis which generalized revolutionary
violence as the universal law for the conquest of Power and which
established that the principal form of struggle is the armed struggle and
the principal form of organzation is the armed forces.  Before the
outbreak of a war all the struggles and organizations should serve to
prepare it.  President Gonzalo teaches us that in mass work the struggle
for Power and the struggle for economic demands [luchas reivindicativa]
are two sides of the same coin, with the struggle for Power being the
first and foremost demand of the masses.

Organize the masses so that they can go beyond what is permitted by the
existing legal order, so that they struggle to destroy the old order and
not to maintain it.  This is accomplished by use of the three instruments
of the revolution: The Party where the few converge, the Army with more
participants, and new State--Front which is the base which progressively
aglutinates the masses through leaps.  In the countryside this is
achieved through People's Committees and in the cities through the
People's Revolutionary Defense Movement.  In this way the tradition of
electoral fronts, which the revisionists and opportunists apply to
channel the struggle of the peasantry and to divert the masses in the
cities from not seizing Power through war, is destroyed.

To center on political Power also demands the organization of the masses
in diverse new forms of struggle, because war imposes changes on the
struggle and organization of the masses.  As Lenin taught us, in
revolutionary epochs, new organizations must be formed and go against the
old leaders who seek to sell-out the revolution in order to accomodate
themselves within the reactionary system.  For that reason, the old forms
of struggle and organization of the masses cannot be used.
The struggle for Power as the principal aspect does not mean that from
the beginning we are going to incorporate the masses all at once.
Chairman Mao teaches us that developing Base Areas and armed forces is
what generates the apogee of the revolution.  This has to do with the law
of incorporation of the masses into the revolution, which was established
by the Party in the Second Plenum of 1980, an incorporation that will be
through progressive leaps; with more People's War will come a greater
incorporation of the masses.  Thus, the People's War is a political fact
that continues to pound ideas into the heads of men through powerful
actions, who will bit by bit come to understand their only true path,
thereby developing their political consciousness.  The People's War
summons all the revolutionaries and opens a trail as it develops.
The masses are avid for politics and it is incumbent upon Communists to
organize and lead them.  The masses have concrete problems everywhere and
we must worry about them and attend to them.  Mass work is done within
the class struggle and not on its margins.  If we do not do mass work,
the reactionaries and revisionists will utilize it for their own ends,
whether it be to develop fascism and to corporativize them or hand over
their struggles to another imperialist master.  These are two wills that
are distinct and opposed.

The masses seek the voice of those who affirm and not those who doubt.
In our Party, in the Initiation, President Gonzalo demanded that no one
must ever doubt the masses, fighting those who are blind and deaf to the
voice of the masses, listening to their faintest rumor and attending to
their daily, concrete problems.  The masses must never be fooled, they
must never be forced, they must know the risks which they may face.  They
must be summoned to the long, bloody struggle for Power, but with this
goal they will understand that it will be a necessary and victorious
struggle.
Therefore the struggle for Power is principal but it cannot be separated
>from the struggle for economic and political demands, they are two sides
of the same coin, and the latter struggle is necessary.
How do we understand the struggle for economic and political demands?  We
are accused of not having a specific line for the economic and political
struggle of the masses.  The fact is that we apply it differently, in
other forms, with different politics than those applied by the
opportunists and revisionists, a new and different way from the
traditional forms.  President Gonzalo teaches us that the struggle for
economic and political demands is on side of a coin, which has the
struggle for political Power on the other side.  It is completely wrong
to separate them, to talk only about the struggle for economic and
political demands is revisionism.  In specifying Marx's thesis to our
society President Gonzalo tells us:

"The crisis presents us with two problems: First, how to defend what has
been won, because even if in the crisis the gains are lost, more would be
lost if they were not defended.  This is the necessity of the struggle
for demands..., an economic and political struggle..., furthermore, it
forges the class and the workers in their struggle for Power.  Second,
how to end the crisis?  It cannot be ended unless the predominant social
order is ended... there is a necessity for revolutionary struggle which
serving the seizure of power by the armed struggle under the leadership
of the Party... one cannot be separated from the other.  The relationship
of both problems materializes in developing the struggle for demands as a
function of political Power."

To carry forward the struggle for demands, the union and strike are
used.  These are the principal form of the economic struggle of the
proletariat which are developed into guerrilla warfare.  That is how the
class is educated in the struggle for Power and elevate it through
concrete armed actions which strengthens this form of struggle, giving it
a higher quality.

In sum, the struggle for demands must be developed serving the conquest
of Power.  This is a political principle of doing mass work.

3.  WHAT MASSES DO WE GO TO?

We must start from the class criteria to resolve which masses to go to.
It is very important to note that the masses are organized according to
the common interests of the classes they belong to.  President Gonzalo
teaches us that this approach is essential to combat those who pretend to
separate masses from classes with tales of "unity," and of those who
betray the true interests of the masses by trafficking with their
struggles.  Also because it allows us to understand that the masses are
always an arena of struggle where the bourgeoisie and proletariat clash
to lead them.  However, only the Communist Party is capable of leading
them because it is the only one that can represent them and struggle for
their interests.  Those who talk about "mass democracy" or who create
open mass organisms as if they were a form of Power without violence are
merely upholding bourgeois positions that negate the leadership of the
proletariat and its dictatorship.

Starting from a class criteria has to do with the character of the
revolution, with the classes that make up the people who should be united
under the leadership of the proletariat.  In our case of the democratic
revolution, the proletariat leads, the peasantry is principal, the petty
bourgeoisie is a firm ally and the middle bourgeoisie has a dual
character.  The basic masses which we must go to are the proletariat and
the peasantry, principally the poor peasantry, the petty bourgeoisie and
also the middle bourgeoisie.

Keeping in mind the specific demands of the masses, we should
differentiate between those sectors of the masses which suffer more
oppression with the goal of organizing them so that they will struggle to
achieve conquests and resolve their specific contradiction.  This refers
to the mass fronts in which we must work.  These are: The workers, the
proletariat, the leading class of all revolutions, a class whose
principal and decisive political objective is the conquest of Power
through the People's War to emancipate itself, emancipate the other
classes and finally to destroy itself as a class.  Its specific demands
are the winning of conquests and rights like increased wages, a shorter
work day and better working conditions.  Towards this end, the workers'
movement, its struggles, mobilizations, marches, agitation, and strikes
must be developed with armed actions.  "Worry about the fundamental
problems of the class and also of the workers, their general and concrete
problems which they fight for daily."
The  peasants are the principal force, especially the poor peasants, who
struggle for the conquest of land through armed struggle under the
leadership of the Communist Party.  Not seeing it this way leads to the
"land seizures" [the take-over of non-arable land and others promoted by
the government, revionists and the Church.--Trans.] and conforming to the
old order.  Further develop the peasant movement applying the "three
withs": live with, work with and struggle with them, thus forging
peasants with a proletarian mentality.

Women which make up half the world and develop the feminine movement for
the emancipation of women, a task which is the work of women themselves
but under the leadership of the Party.  We must combat the bourgeois
thesis of women's liberation.  Women struggle against the constant
increase in the cost of living which affects the physical integrity of
the class and the people.  The Party mobilizes the working, peasant and
intellectual women, etc.

The intellectuals so that they may fulfill their role as revolutionary
intellectuals serving the proletariat and peasantry within the People's
War.  Among them are the high school students, university students and
professional occupations, etc.  See their specific demands, the defense
of their conquests, aiming at a new national, scientific and mass
culture, making them conscious that they can only achieve this with the
revolution.

Mobilize the poor masses in the cities, in the shantytowns and slums
against hunger and misery, so that they fight for the revolution's
programme, summon them to the People's War so that they may seize their
conquests and rights which are trampled under foot more everyday.  Do not
allow that they be struck with impunity and teach them how to defend
themselves, so that they can resist the enemy's aggression using all the
available means at their disposal.  Apply "Combat and Resist", which is
the common slogan for the class.
Mobilize the youth so that they directly participate in the front lines
of the combat trenches of the People's War.  Let young workers, peasants
and students develop their struggles for a new world, their right to an
education, against unemployment and other ills that wracks them.
Make the children active participants in the People's War.  They can
carry out many tasks which will help them understand the necessity of
transforming the world.  They are the future and in the end they will
live in the new world.  Change their ideology so that they adopt the
proletariat's.

Continued....

--------------------------------
Published by The New Flag
30-08 Broadway, Suite 159
Queens, NY 11106
E-Mail:lquispe at nyxfer.blythe.org
PCP WEB SITE:
http://www.blythe.org/peru-pcp
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