People's War in Peru Develops New Strenght

hariette spierings hariette at
Mon Aug 5 12:35:59 MDT 1996


Red Star Information Bulletin and Commentary:

Source "New York Times".

On August 5, 1996, the New York Times reporter Calvin Sims writes under the
title of:

Blasts Propel Shining Path From Defunct to Dangerous

Let us see some of the highlights of this report:

"LIMA, Peru -- Peru's long struggle against the Shining Path guerrilla group
has taken a turn for the worse in the last week with a deadly series of
bombings and attacks that have raised fears that the insurgency is making a

Of course here, what SIMS calls "Peru's long struggle" is nothing but the
old Peruvian state of big bourgeois, bureacrats and land-owners and the
military brass which sustains it in its death bed struggle against the
Peruvian people.  What is true is that the bourgeosie and the imperialists
who had been trumpeting the canard of "defeat of the Shining Path" since
1992, have had their "fears raised" no end by the latest offensives of the
People's Liberation Army, the development of the People's Liberation Front
and the hightened struggle of the masses led by the PCP.  The Maoists that
they so many times pronounced dead and buried are now rather healthier than

Sims continues:

"While Peruvians have learned to live under the constant threat of
terrorism, the latest wave of assaults by the Maoist group, which was once
believed to have been defeated, is particularly troubling because it was
well coordinated and penetrated sensitive government and military targets".

Here the question is again, who are troubled by the upsurge of the
revolution?  Only the counter-revolutionaries, the imperialists and their

"The guerrillas bombed a central police station charged with protecting the
Peruvian Congress and the house of a general who is the military chief in a
region where the rebels have a stronghold. Following assertions that the
attacks were made possible by security lapses, the chief of Peru's
anti-terrorist police resigned."

"Experts on terrorism said that the attacks were the most successful the
Shining Path has undertaken since its top leaders were captured three years
ago. The arrests were considered a turning point in a civil war that has
killed more than 35,000 people and cost $25 billion in damages since 1980".

Here, of course, the absurd thesis that the "top leaders" were captured and
the PCP "decapitated" has been proven false by reality.  There was a blow to
the leadership with the capture of Chairman Gonzalo. That much is true.  But
not a decisive blow, not a "decapitation" either.  The PCP has many leaders
able to continue the struggle and lead the People's War to victory.
However, the imperialist press does not want to give up the ghost so easily,
and we shall see later in the analysis of this report how they are trying to
persevere with their psychological warfare and dis-information campaign to
give a distorted and false view of the PCP, the People's War and the
development of the Peruvian revolution.


"If you consider what has happened in the last few days -- that the
government was forced to remove its director of anti-terrorism because of
these strategic attacks -- you have to conclude that Shining Path has
started to recover from its long demise," said Carlos Tapia, a leading
Peruvian researcher in terrorism.

"Tapia and other terrorism experts attribute the success of the recent
attacks to new leadership within the Shining Path, which was severely
crippled when the military captured Abimael Guzman Reynoso, Shining Path's
founder. After his arrest, he called for his comrades to forge a peace with
the government. Many subsequently turned themselves in under a government
amnesty program."

Here we have the main elements of the "Peace Agreement" plot of the CIA and
the Fujimori regime - a 100% police plot hatched by US and Peruvian
"counter-insurgency" experts been bashed into shape again and again:

The slander that Chairman Gonzalo has betrayed the revolution is repeated.
This in cahoots with the turcoats such as Javier Esparza, Carlos and Delia
La Torre, and the Co-Rim leaders, as well as the minor players in this
anti-PCP anti-Maoist conspiracy, the advocates and defenders of the La
Torres, the Esparzas and the Co-Rim leaders who advance the thesis that the
so called "Peace Agreement" is only "partly a police plot".

Lets continue with the analysis of Sims:

"Political violence in Peru had not stopped even before the current series
of attacks. In the last 18 months, analysts estimate, about 450 people have
died in political violence in Peru, and the government has detained more
than 500,000 suspects.

Here, to be noted, is the sheer volume of the Stolypin style repression
unleashed by the pro-imperialist regime against the wide masses.  500,000
arrested within 18 months, it works at the rate of at least a thousand
people a day!  That is your "democratic regime" for you!

Sims goes on to describe the current offensive:

"The recent attacks began on July 26, when a car bomb exploded outside the
police station two blocks from the Congress, killing one passer-by and
wounding at least seven other people".

"Last Monday, the Shining Path took responsibility for a bombing outside the
home of an army general, Manuel Varela Gamarra, who is the military chief in
the Upper Huallaga Amazon region, where the rebels have a stronghold".

"On Wednesday, two Shining Path gunmen shot and killed a prominent community
leader, Epifanio Santamaria Rodriguez, in the Lima shantytown of San Martin.
The group had been trying to make inroads there but had been rebuffed by
Santamaria. Shining Path guerrillas also attacked a construction company in
the highlands, destroying equipment and property. In each case, they either
claimed responsibility or they left signs that they were responsible for the

Once again, the imperialist propaganda dressing up the para-military
gangsters used to enforce a regime which sustains itself in power by
arresting 1000 people a day, as "prominent community leaders" and no doubt
"left wing comrades" to some phoney Marxists to boot!  Here to note is how
the imperialist lie machine has been trying to create the impression that
"the PCP kills leftists" by the "ingenious method" of dressing police and
army agents as "community leaders" and even providing them with "leftist

More from Sims:

"Gen. Carlos Dominguez was ordered to resign his post as chief of the
anti-terrorist police following widespread criticism within the government
that security forces were careless in failing to guard against the attacks".

Evidently Fujimori is a believer in the old principle that when your policy
fails at the root, you should blame the poor buggins in charge of
implementing it, and shuffle round the deck chairs in the Titanic!


"Military officials declined to discuss the attacks. But military staff
members said that security forces have declared a full alert and that the
government is considering extending a state of emergency, already in effect
in 19 districts of Lima and many provinces, that gives security forces broad
powers to combat terrorism".


"President Alberto Fujimori has sought to assure Peruvians that the
government is fully in control of the situation. "The attacks do not signify
that we have let our guard down," the president said at a recent news
conference. "I repeat -- we guarantee citizens' security, and the iron fist
approach will continue."


Sims continues spouting the Us imperialist official line:

"With the capture of its central leaders in 1993, Shining Path divided into
two factions: one that heeded Guzman's call for peace and another that
continued the fight under the leadership of Oscar Ramirez Duran, who was a
top aide to Guzman and is believed to be hiding out in the highlands along
the Huallaga River".

Needless to say that this is also another falsehood the size of a Cathedral.
The Fujimori regime has long been spinning this fairy-story and for that
purpose the name of Mr. Ramirez Duran - who no one has seen or heard of for
years - has been bandied around and given the flashy name of "Chairman
Feliciano". Supposedly, this "Chiarman Feliciano" was - at the last count -
"holed up in the deep jungle" with the last "80 fighters" left to the "dead
Shining Path".

It is a fact that the army and the police have organised groups who go
around shanty-towns and villages painting such absurd slogans as "Long Live
Chairman Feliciano".  The regime, in another dis-information move, has also
began printing a bogus edition of El Diario (whose editor in Peru and abroad
continues to be Luis Arce Borja as we have - in honour to the truth and the
interests of the revolution - insisted is the case) and presented it as "The
New El Diario" in which this "Chairman Feliciano" fairy-tale is spread too.
The kisspees in this list have in fact repeated such malicious
counter-intel-pro and anyone wishing to check the record in this list can
see for themselves.  That is how capitulation and counter-intelligence work
hand in hand to divert the Peruvian revolution from the line of Chairman
Gonzalo.  However, everyone familiar with the support movement abroad for
the Peruvian revolution knows that the PCP has but one Chairman, and that is
Chairman Gonzalo.  While he is in prison, the Party is led by the Central
Committee. Those are the facts.

Finally, SIMS concludes with a foretaste of an "alternative" strategy for
the Fujimori/CIA propaganda line:

"But terrorism experts said that contacts within the group indicated that
Shining Path has now splintered into numerous factions".

In this, the "New Flag/Sol Rojo" concoction, unmasked as the work of a
handful of Yankee opportunists linked to the leaders of Co-Rim and the
crypto-Trotskyst Revolutionary Communist Party of the USA is playing its
role.  However, anyone dreaming that the kisspees represent anything in Peru
is only playing into the hands of the US imperialists and their
"alternative" story of "splintering of the PCP into many factions".  This
explains the ridiculous lenght that such agent provocateurs are prepared to
go.  It is part and parcel of the class enemy's strategy to try divert the
Peruvian revolution from the road to victory.

And finally, more and "juicer" mis-information:

"The factions are being coordinated by a new group of leaders who had been
part of the Shining Path hierarchy during its infancy in the 1970s but who
had left the group after a dispute with Guzman over the timing of his
decision to take up arms in 1980".

Who do the US imperialists mean by this?  The Esparzas and the La Torres,
and the scab Maximiliano Duran Araujo.  Precisely the "heroes" promoted by
the kisspees in this (and the Peruvian) lists while accussing Arce Borja and
Committee Sol Peru of "Stalinism" for "purging" such "nice gentlemen" who
are now, according to the imperialist press "coordinating the factions"!

Now in Peru we have a saying:  The fish dies by its own mouth.  US
imperialist mis-information serves here to debunk the notion spread by bogus
leftists about the "defeat of the Shining Path".

In this connection, it is worth quoting from Comrade Adolfo Olaechea's
speech at the Peru Hearing in Belgium of 26/02/94.  As those familiar with
the International Movement in Solidarity with the People's War in Peru that
Hearing was organised by the Belgian Party of Labour organisation for
Anti-imperialist solidarity.  The Belgian regime declared comrade Olaechea
"a Danger to Public Order"  and his entry into that country was forbidden.
However, the speech was given in video format in a Giant Television screen
before a capacity crowd:

"However, on 12 September 1992, the reactionary regime arrested Chairman
Gonzalo.  It was a lucky stroke for the reactionary regime and it marked the
beginning of a second moment within the strategic equilibrium.  It presented
the revolutionaries with the need to defend the life of the leader of the
revolution.  Meanwhile, the reactionary regime tried to take maximum
advantage by attempting to repair and consolidate its dire situation.  The
first moment of the strategic equilibrium began in 1990; this period lasted
until the capture of Chairman Gonzalo in September 92.  Today, amid great
to-and-fro tides, the contenders deal each other the most destabilising
blows.  In this situation the revolution is proving its strategic
superiority, learning more, resisting more and overcoming its problems with
greater ease. On the other hand the regime is ever more compelled to rely
upon increasing dictatorship, more bullets, more fascism and more blatant
mass murder".

And characterising the question that "baffles" the "experts" and the
"commentators" like SIMS, comrade Olaechea continued:

"Principally, the regime seeks to make inroads in undermining the unity of
the PCP.  It aims to create division and drag the party and the people along
the road leading to the swamp of negotiations. That is the rationale for the
fraudulent "peace" plot peddled by Fujimori:  The forged letters, videos and
photographs that featured in a campaign taken by the tyrant to the United
nations with his speech of October 1, 1993. From there he went on to use,
fraudulently and without success, the image of Chairman Gonzalo in his
attempt to butress his referendum and new constitution".

"On the other hand the imprisonment of Chairman Gonzalo has served to prove
beyond any doubt the capacity of the PCP to continue to lead the People's
War. It has displayed its ability to follow and carry out the plans and
teachings of its leader"

And finally:

"Each time the regime and its accomplices, the capitulators, have tried to
promote their phoney peace ploy, the revolutionaries and people of Peru have
responded with devastating actions.  These actions have often left the
regime with egg all over its face.  The capacity to cause damage and obtain
certain temporary benefits afforded to the regime by this plot has come to a
dead end.  In the immediate period ahead this will come more into evidence.
Thus it will signal the start of the strategic offensive of the Peruvian
revolution.  Strategic offensive that has the perspective of total victory,
of the seizure of power in the whole country and, soon, with the
establishment of the People's Republic of Peru"

Anyone wishing to obtain the complete text of this important speech should
apply to this account to Committee Sol Peru, Press Commission and we shall
E-Mail them a copy.

Committee Sol Peru

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