PERU: Revolution & Peasant Rondas (I)

Luis Quispe lquispe at
Thu Aug 22 07:16:57 MDT 1996

               Part 1 of a series of 2 articles.

The IEP (initials in Spanish for Instituto de Estudios Peruanos)
is one of many "Research Centers" in Peru set up by the CIA with
the purpose of generating and maintaining the disinformation
campaign against the Peruvian revolution. IEP periodically shifts
its positions in accordance with the development of the People's
War, and the necessities imposed by the plans and strategies of
U.S. imperialism and its puppet regime(s) in Peru. It is known in
the world that the backbone of support to the People's War
in Peru comes from the peasants, especially the poor peasants
that make up the majority of the population in the countryside.
Therefore, it is the role of imperialism through the work of the
IEP and others to try to dispel and distort this reality.
What makes possible the 16 years of the People's War considered
to be the greatest revolutionary armed struggle in today's world?
It is the support of the masses, especially the poor peasants,
because without them, there would not be revolution at all. It is
the ideology of the proletariat: Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, Gonzalo
Thought which is ingrained in the fighting spirit of the people.

With grants provided directly and covertly by U.S. imperialism
(e.g., Foundation Ford), the fundamentalist & reactionary Carlos
Ivan Degregori, has set up the Non-Governmental Organization
known as the IEP. The IEP is exclusively dedicated to generate
reactionary propaganda against the People's War. The IEP's
purposes are to distort the democratic character of the Peruvian
revolution, defame the leaders of the PCP, and demonize the
political and military actions of the People's War led by the
Communist Party of Peru (PCP.) The considerable mass support
enjoyed by the PCP in its unstoppable path towards the conquest
of power countrywide, and the installation of the People's
Republic of Peru, a future base of the world proletarian
revolution, are presented as the actions of "terrorists killing
peasants." Among the well paid and well structured gangs of
reactionary senderologists, and apprentices of senderology of all
sorts working for the IEP in Peru and abroad are: Orin Starn
(Duke University, NC, USA) who is one of the promoters of the
Army-run paramilitary rondas in Peru, Luciano del Pino & Jose
Coronel in Ayacucho, Robin Kirk of America's Watch, the mediocre
intellectuals known as the Renique brothers, the Trotskyte U.S.
Socialist Workers Party (e.g., Martin Kopel), and the NACLA

The first focus of their falsification is the supposed "defeat of
Sendero Luminoso", a tale that only exists in their hard heads
since the spectacular blows of the People's War against the old
State, are continuously being heard worldwide. Even Calvin Sims,
who is one of the most anti-Communist reporters of the
imperialist outlet, The New York Times, could not hide the truth,
but acknowledge the victories of the People's Army of Liberation
and the Peruvian people, led by the PCP against the reactionary
regime, now headed by the murderous regime of Fujimori ["On the
Trails of Peru's Maoist Rebels" NY Times, August 8, 1996 &
"Peru's Rebels from Defunct to Dangerous" August 5, 1996.]

The second focus of their falsification is to present that "the
Army-run paramilitary rondas have defeated Sendero." The
paramilitary groups in the countryside have different
denominations and functions in Peru. Some are called "Civil Self-
Defense Committees," others "peasant rondas", "Yana humas" (black
heads), "las mesnadas", "serenazgos", and "urban rondas",
however, their main role is the same: to serve as cannon fodder
of the genocidal military against the People's War. In 1991,
senderologist Orin Starn, sat in the militarized podium alongside
Fujimori, and delivered a speech at the First Congress of the
Peasant Rondas. He paid homage to the bloody army and the
"rondas" for fighting against the Peruvian revolution. He
especially praised Pompeyo Rivera (ronda Commander "Huayhuaco")
as a hero of "democracy." Huayhuaco was jailed shortly
thereafter, for being one of the most notorious narcotraffickers
in the jungle of Ayacucho. This was clear evidence of how the
Army and its paramilitary rondas have been involved in drug
trafficking in the jungle of Ayacucho since the last decade,
which is being swept under the rag by the USDEA, and the U.S.
State Departnent. Similarly, in the Huallaga Valley where Army
generals and paramilitary owned by the narcotraffickers have been
working in a close partnership against the People's Army. For
example, it is interesting to note the recent testimony of drug
lord Demetrio Chavez Pe~naherrera, alias "Vaticano", in which he
testified before the press that he paid 50,000 dollars per month
to Vladimiro Montesinos, head of the Intelligency Services (SIN)
and Chief advisor to Fujimori [La Republica, August 17, 1996.]

In 1993, Yankee senderologist Orin Starn, was again transported
in a military helicopter to Ayacucho. In a conference at the
University of San Cristobal de Huamanga where more soldiers than
students attended, Starn spoke about the "successes of Fujimori"
and the "benefits of capitalism." Starn later wrote a tale in a
pamplet presented to the U.S. Latin American Studies Association
(LASA), an academia U.S. organization, among other things he
said: "My conference in Ayacucho was quiet. The students weren't
interested in Sendero anymore. Everything has been modernized
there, one student asked me about Clifford Geertz, other students
asked me about John Lennon and Yoko Ono. Leninism has been
replaced by Lennonism." Starn goes on: "Tourism is booming in
Peru, businesses are emerging, the worst is over." This is the
exact propaganda sprouted by Fujimori and Yankee imperialism.
Isn't it?

Starn also down played the thousands of crimes committed by the
military and its rondas, and the extermination of entire
communities by the murderous Army he praises. He ignored the
Army's occupation of peasant communities and the forced
recruitment of their inhabitants into paramilitary rondas. The
senderologists introduced the tale that the criminal military
subjugation of the peasant communities by the Army, in other
words, the fascist organizational control of the rondas by the
army as part of the  Low Intensity Warfare tactic in the
countryside, is a "pragmatic alliance of the peasants with the
armed forces." (See Table below)

Absent in the analysis of the senderologists are the crimes
against humanity perpetrated by the Peruvian military, such as
the genocides of Accormarca, Huanta, Ucchuraccay, Umaru (this
community was totally wiped out), Tambo, La Mar, Cangallo,
Vilcashuman and Victor Fajardo, the bank of rio Apurimac,
Huamanga, El Fronton, Cantogrande, Lurigancho and others that are
considered by the mercenaries of IEP as "regretful but necessary
actions by democracy" (Degregori y Rivera, 1993.) In Ayacucho
alone, from 1980-1993 there were 10,561 people murdered by the
forces of repression, mainly by the armed forces and their
paramilitary rondas (ideele, n. 62, 1994.) For this reason, the
occupying armed forces of Fujimori in Ayacucho are considered by
the people to be the "foreign mercenaries or pishtacos-The Throat
cutters" (See The Return of the Pishtacos, Portocarrarero, 1991)

If the killing rate by the murderous Peruvian Army had maintained
the rate of murders in Ayacucho, nationwide it would have reached
the amount of more than 500,000. However, this river of blood
caused by the terrorist old State, didn't contain and much less
defeat the heroic struggle and determination of the Peruvian
people, led by the Central Committee of the PCP, that continues
to advance since 1980 to the present, towards the conquest of


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