U.S. Imperialism Plunders Peru.

Luis Quispe lquispe at blythe.org
Tue Aug 27 20:53:51 MDT 1996


                     PERU: NEWS BRIEFS
                     JULY-AUGUST 1996

office for Amazonian indigenous organizations (COICA) described
the recent patent for the "sacred plant" Ayahuasca as "a real
insult" to the people of Peru. This plant, used for ceremonies in
ancient South American communities, was patented by Loren Miller
for International Plant Medicine Corporation. For centuries the"
Chamanes" people use the Ayahuasca as a beverage to cure sick
bodies and souls. COICA reported that now the Chamanes will have
to pay royalties to grow and use the plant for their ancient
rituals. Poor peasants in the Amazonas declared "Nobody can
patent a natural product, it is like having a patent for growing
potatoes!" [AFP, July 5, 1996]. Note: Now the poor peasants in
Peru exercise the NEW POWER to defend their rights; capitalist
patents do not serve the people, on the contrary, patents are
means to oppress and plunder. Thus, they are rejected by the

National Reserve Bank reported the country's foreign debt reached
US$ 33,061 million dollars by the end of June 1996. When
Fujimori took over in 1990 the total foreign debt was US$ 22,141 million
dollars. In July 2, the National Reserve Bank's Vice President,
Mario Tovar, reported the US$ 11,000 million dollars debt
increase was caused by the regime's indiscriminate borrowing in
the last five years, and by the interests and penalties for not
meeting the annual payments on time; the Bank's calculations
indicate the foreign debt increased approximately by US$ 2,200
million dollars per year from 1990 to 1995, although Fujimori's
government has made great efforts to pay US$ 1,000 million
dollars per year in the same period. The bank's report caused a
response from Jorge Camet, the Minister of Economy; Camet,
ignoring official protocol, made his own announcement to claim
the total foreign debt is US$ 22,586 million dollars. Most
observers speculated the foreign debt is probably much higher.
Fujimori could not be reached for comments [El Comercio, and most
newspapers, July 3, 1996. Caretas magazine, June 20, 1996].

LIMA. Peru's minister of labor Jorge Gonzales Izquierdo reported
Peru's Gross National Product (GNP) grew during the month of May
between 0.5% and 0.8%; he declared: "this indicates the process
of economic decline is ending" [daily Gestion, July 3, 1996].
Note: Whatever happened to Fujimori's loud announcements of
"economic miracle" and "fast growing economy"? Now it is clear it
was all a lie, that all along there was "process of economic

ICA. 400 PRISONERS RISE UP IN MUTINY. Prisoners in the
Cachiche jail near the city of Ica (350 Kilometers from Lima) started a
mutiny in protest against the lack of food and against the delays
in the judicial process. Many inmates are in prison without any
formal charges and without a hearing in court; many are
unemployed workers arrested as "terrorists" during a public march
demanding basic public services (potable water, health care,
etc.). The prisoners took control of the prison's facilities and
expressed their grievances. The National Police's Special Assault
Division cleared the streets; the situation was tense and a
security ring was set up around the prison [AFP, July 5, 1996].

found 28 bags with cocaine of high purity on board the Navy ship
"Ilo" in the port of Callao. Each bag contained over 17 kilos of
the narcotic. The ship's Captain and 53 crew members are under
arrest until investigations are completed. Members of the
anti-narcotics police indicated the shipment was for the Atlanta 96
Olympics [La Republica and various sources, July 8, 1996].

SUBMERGED IN MISERY. The retired Army General Carlos Mauricio
stated "Colombian drug barons have infiltrated Peru's armed
forces" in response to recent findings of cocaine shipments on
board Air Force planes and Navy ships. General Mauricio expressed
his concern for the crew members since it is quite certain they
were just following orders from high ranking officers. Another
retired Army General, German Parra, denounced the narcotics'
trade in the armed forces is a clear consequence of the low
salaries for officers and troops. General Parra declared "poverty
has reached the armed forces as well, and this misery leads us to
criminal acts", "I know retired generals, friends of mine, in
psychiatric treatment because of neurosis, they are suffering
because they cannot even afford to pay for their older children's
education", "If the armed forces are in Power, then why don't we
have the same benefits that others in the present administration
have?...an Army General earns 1,200 soles per month [US$ 590
dollars] while high ranking bureaucrats in Fujimori's government
earn US$ 10,000 and even US$ 15,000 dollars per month!". General
Parra concluded "the morale of the armed forces is sinking!" [La
Republica, July 8, 1996]. Note: the Generals' views simply
reflect another aspect of the Strategic Equilibrium in the
People's War. The reactionary Army is going from strong to weak,
while the People's Army (EPL) led by the PCP goes from weak to
strong. Further, the above comments are from retired Army
Generals; active officers and soldiers would be punished and
executed "for treason" if they expressed their grievances. The
PCP's directive is just and correct: Soldiers and Sailors bring
your weapons and join the revolution!.

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