Remember Tiananmen 4.6.1989 and also 5.4.1976

Rolf Martens rolf.martens at mailbox.swipnet.se
Tue Jun 4 17:59:50 MDT 1996


Remember Tiananmen 4.6.1989 and also 5.4.1976 [Posted: 04.06.96]

The peoples of the world should remember the events at Tiananmen
Square, Beijing, China, on 4 June 1989 and also those on 5 April
1976. Both those days are symbols of the resistance of the Chinese
people against revisionist, phoney"Marxist" and in reality fascist
forces and arch enemies of socialism.

On 4 June 1989,  military forces of the Deng Xiaoping clique
massacred people who were protesting against its revisionist
oppression and demanding democratic rights and an end to the
enormous price rises after the reestablishment of capitalism in
China. This was a historical crime which very clearly exposed the
fascist character of that regime to the whole world.

Bourgeois propagandists all over the world have been saying that
this was repression by a "socialist" regime. It wasn't. Those
bourgeois propagandist themselves at that time had long been
applauding the overthrow of socialism in China in 1976-78 and
supporting the Deng Xiaoping revisionists' rule.

They all hated the successful socialism in China which was guided
by the correct Marxist-Leninist line of Mao Zedong and which was
a brilliant example to the great majority of people in the world.

As for the revisionist traitor and present dictator Deng Xiaoping,
the peoples of the world should remember something which he
himself said 22 years ago, when on 10 April 1974 he,as
representative of the then still socialist China, held a speech before
the U.N. General Assembly. This hapened to be an important
speech. In it, Chairman Mao's correct analysis of the world as then
divided into three parts, or three worlds, was presented publicly
for the first time. In this speech, the later traitor Deng Xiaoping
among other things also said (I quote from my posting "UNITE!
Info #11en" on  27.05.96, in which excerpts from a 1974 pamphlet
published by Foreign Languages Press, Peking, were reproduced:)

"If capitalism is restored in a big socialist country, it will inevitably
become a superpower. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution,
which has been carried out in China in recent years, and the
campaign of criticizing Lin Piao and Confucius now under way
throughout China, are both aimed at preventing capitalist
restauration and ensuring that socialist China will never change
her colour but will always stand by the oppressed peoples and
oppressed nations."

"If one day China should change her colour and turn into a
superpower, if she too should play the tyrant in the world, and
everywhere subject others to her bullying, aggression and
exploitation, the people of the world should identify her as
social-imperialism, expose it, oppose it and work together
with the Chinese people to overthrow it."

Well spoken, Mr. present dictator Deng! I hope that you're
reading these lines, or that some secretary of yours is. Here I
offer you some salt.

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

and some pepper:

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

and invite you to eat up that statement of yours 22 years ago. It
really was very good - whoever suggested that it be included in
that speech of yours. My own guess is that it was Chairman Mao.

He knew about the constantly existing danger of a capitalist
restoration. He and the other genuinely communist leaders in China
at that time were combating both that openly-Rightist deviation which
you somewhat later, from autumn 1975 on, correctly were criticized
for leading and also the contending deviation which in reality also
helped you in your efforts to undermine socialism in China, that
likewise bourgeois one of the Gang of Four, which was camouflaged
with a lot of phoney"Left" demagoguery.

Only a few months before that speech of yours, Mr. Deng, comrade
Zhou Enlai had very correctly stated, in his report to the important
Tenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, in
August 1973, on the work of the Central Committee, i.a., concerning
the question of combating bourgeois tendencies in the party:

    "It is imperative to note that one tendency covers another. The
opposition to Chen Tu-Hsiu's Right opportunism which advocated 'all
alliance, no struggle' covered Wang Ming's 'Left' opportunism which
advocated 'all struggle, no alliance'. The rectification of
Wang Ming's 'Left' deviation covered Wang Ming's Right deviation. The
struggle against Liu Shao-chi's revisionism covered Lin Piao's
revisionism." ( Documents of CPC 10th Congress, Peking Review 35-36/1973, p. 21)

Covering each other, in part also contending with each other, and both
being supported in several ways by the main international reactionary
forces at the time, US imperialism and Soviet social-imperialism,
those two reactionary tendencies and bourgeois headquarters in
China, yours and that of the Gand of Four, only some 3-5 years later
most unfortunately for the peoples in the whole world succeeded in
bringing about the overthrow of socialism in China.

But, as once upon a time you pointed out yourself, Mr present dictator
Deng, you and your allies and your successors in the long run will not
get away with it. The peoples in the whole world undoubtedly will take
"your" wise advise of 22 years ago, expose the revisionist regime in
China, oppose it and work together with the Chinese people to
overthrow it. The bourgeois exploiters and oppressors in China, and
those in other countries too, for instance here in Sweden, in reality
have no future and undoubtedly, although they on the surface today
may appear to be quite strong, their rule will be overthrown everywhere.

When remembering the reactionary suppression against the people on
Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China, 7 years ago, people and in
particular the proletarian revolutionary forces not only in China itself
but those in the whole world should, at the same time, remember
the suppression on the same square 20 years ago, in the spring of
1976.

These events, those of 5 April 1976, were less bloody than that of 4
June 1989. As far as is known here, they didn't cause any deaths.
But it's important to remember in the same context ,and likewise to
draw lessons from, those events, too, since they were a case of
suppression against the people by a regime that was, at the time,
still socialist, and which had until then never engaged in such a thing
but had only, in those cases where dictatorship had to be exercized -
and under socialism, it sometimes does have to be exercized - had
done this against the bourgeoisie and their rstoration attempts, never
against the masses. But that time, the socialist regime in China was
temporarily swayed by one of the reactionary groups, the Gang of Four.

It was also the case that the events of 5 April 1976 were difficult to
understand for people abroad at the time, also for instance for those
who, like myself, were adherents of Mao Zedong's geuninely
internationalist proletarian revolutionary political line and thus took
great interest in developments in China and considered themselves
to be quite close friends and supporters of the people in that country.
>From the Chinese government, this time incorrect information was
disseminated internationally, the 5 April '76 events being described
as "counterrevolutionary disturbances" by "adherents of Deng
Xiaoping's Right-deviationist line" which were "justly suppressed".
But obviously, as later became clear, this was a falsification of
what had actually taken place.

At the Tiananmen on 05.04.76, there obviously were certain actions
by pro-Deng Xiaoping forces, too, trying to take advantage of the
then situation, but this was only a secondary aspect of what took
place. The main thing on that day was that the people protested
against their not being allowed to pay tribute to the late Premier
Zhou Enlai, who had passed away in January 1976 but whose
daeth the Gang of Four went all out to prevent people from
mourning, since Zhou Enlai had been a genuine revolutionary,
an important ally to Mao Zedong and a feared adversary of the
phoney"Left" Gang's.

The people in early April '76 had placed a great number of wreaths
on a monument on Tiananmen Square,on the occasion of the
Quangming Festival, to honour the late Premier Zhou, but on the
morning of 5 April, those wreaths were removed by militia forces
obviously acting on orders influenced by the Gang of Four, under
the circumstances that Chairman Mao at that time was rather
seriously ill and other leaders obviously not able effectively to
counter the Gang, whose actions also were covered by their
ostensibly supporting the then ongoing public campaign to
criticize Deng Xiaoping's renewed openly-Rightist bourgeois
deviationism. The removal of the wreaths greatly angered the
people, hundreds of thousands of whom demonstrated on the
Tiananmen and who, when their just demands for the return of
their tributes to Premier Zhou were refused, also took such action
as to set fire to a jeep and a small building. But then all were
called on by the radio stations etc in reality controlled by the Gang
of Four to leave the square, and later, militia were used to force
those who didn't obey those calls off the square, in an action of
reactionary suppression.

By a meeting two days later, on 07.04.76, of the Political Bureau of
the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, two
decisions were made which were, in themselves, quite correct,
as seen from the standpoint of the great majority of people: Deng
Xiaoping was dismissed from all posts, and Hua Guofeng was
appointed First Vice-Chairman of the CC of the CPC. The latter
decision was a blow against the Gang of Four, who had wanted
their "higher-ranking" member Zhang Chunqiao to get that post.

But at the same time, that CPC Politbureau meeting - from which
Mao Zedong because of his illness was absent - obviously
in two respects was swayed by the Gang of Four: Firstly, also
some decisions on state matters were made, bypassing the
People's National Congress which, according to China's
constitution, had sole authority to decide on such matters, and
secondly, the people's demonstration and revolutionary protest
actions on the Tiananman were stated to have been a
"counterrevolutionary" incident which, in the main, obviously
it was absolutely not.

Therefore, on this occasion, the CPC Political Bureau in certain
respects went against the people, which was a serious thing in
fact, indirectly favouring the Right deviationist line of Deng
Xiaoping too, since he got the "blame" for something that had
in fact been in the main correct.

In October 1976, a month after Mao Zedong's death, the Gang
of Four correctly were dealt a big blow by the forces of Hua
Guofeng, who foiled the Gang's coup attempt. But soon afterwards,
those forces, too, committed treason by teaming uf with the forces
of Deng Xiaoping, utilizing the people's grat anger against the
Gang and their jubilation at the victory over it, and thus in the
following two years, capitalism was completely restored in China,
whith those disastrous consequences which have followed.

Teo people, and in particular the revolutionaries, in all countries
should draw important lessons both from the events of 4 June
1989 and also from those of 5 April 1976.

Rolf Martens









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