Peru - Not for forwarding.

Chris, London 100423.2040 at compuserve.com
Thu Jun 20 01:01:07 MDT 1996


In the interests of Internet values of free communications
I am posting one sample of a copyright InterPress Agency report,
which is not meant for forwarding outside APC networks, in order
to illustrate the sort of reports the other side receives to those
Adolfo has just posted from El Diario Internacional.

Please do not forward or copy it further.

I got this report, which appears to me to have been heavily
influenced by Government spoiling news releases on the eve of
17th June, from a "conference" on igc which is unusually censored
>from contributions by PCP supporters yet carries material as
controversial as this. I am trying to find ways of persuading people
to do something about this. Ideas will be appreciated. It seems
to me that a censored "conference" should censor a whole subject rather
than allow such one-sided contributions. At the very least
if IPS submits contributions like that below to a censored
"conference" IMO they ought also to be submitted to a
conference where they can be challenged by PCP supporters.

As I hope will happen here from Adolfo or Luis.

That is not an
impartial or innocent request on my part. I think it cuts both
ways. If at times enemies are killed in the guerilla war, I think
how it is reported or justified has a relevance to how the
enemy can and will present its own case. And how soggy liberal
democrats like myself can do our soggy liberal democratic bit,
like trying to stop a deportation to a torture centre.

Chris

[Soggy Liberal Democratic member of the imperialist
labour aristocacy masquerading as a four year old
precocious Jesuit, otherwise known as an excessively
deeply camouflaged police agent,
who would nevertheless appreciate if the issues can be addressed.]

____________________________________________________________________

/* Written  3:38 PM  May 19, 1996 by igc:newsdesk in gn:ppn.peru */
/* ---------- "IPS: PERU: Shining Path Reemerges o" ---------- */
       Copyright 1996 InterPress Service, all rights reserved.
          Worldwide distribution via the APC networks.

                      *** 16-May-96 ***

Title: PERU: Shining Path Reemerges on 16th Anniversary of Armed
Struggle

By Abraham Lama

LIMA, May 16 (IPS) - On the eve of the 16th anniversary of its
armed struggle, the insurgent Shining Path in Peru finds itself in
the midst of an internal war, between those who accept the peace
proposed by imprisoned leader Abimael Guzman, and the followers of
rebel leader ''Feliciano''.

The followers of Oscar ''Feliciano'' Ramirez refuse to accept
Guzman's calls for peace. The ''Red Path'', as they call their
group, is seeking to recover political space, using traditional
Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) tactics: the violent intimidation
of community leaders and the annihilation of opponents.

A majority of Shining Path members, who have deferred to
Guzman's peace proposal, recognised those methods as mistaken,
''because they isolated the party from the masses.''

A book published by the Institute of Peruvian Studies
attributes Shining Path's military failure in rural areas to the
incorporation of indigenous communities into ''peasant patrols'',
paramilitary groups supplied with arms by the government to resist
the guerrillas.

Carlos Ivan De Gregori, one of the authors of the article ''The
Peasant Patrols and the Defeat of Sendero'', argues that only two
political scenarios are left to the insurgents: coca-producing
jungle areas, and urban shanty-towns, that have been hard-hit by
today's neoliberal economic adjustments.

In 1993, a year after his capture, Guzman proposed peace talks
with the government of Alberto Fujimori. According to analysts,
his intention was to save his organisation, which had suffered
military defeat, and to convert it into a political party that
could be active in unions and parliament.

But Feliciano refused to recognise the public message in which
Guzman announced his surrender. The leader of Red Path argued that
while the letter was in Guzman's handwriting, it did not represent
''his thought.''

Over the past two months, Feliciano's followers have been
preparing for Friday's 16th anniversary of the beginning of armed
struggle.

Thirty operations have been carried out in Lima as well as in
the mountains and jungles of Peru, in which 67 guerrillas,
soldiers and civilians were killed.

The ''celebrations,'' which police fear will culminate on
Friday in a spectacular attack, have also included murders
designed to serve as lessons for those who refuse to follow the
Red Path.

The May 4 killing of ''Black Jose'', a Shining Path member who
remains loyal to Guzman and was supposedly released from prison to
promote peace, was to serve as an example.

His bullet-ridden corpse was blown up with dynamite. And the
''Lima Base,'' the urban cell of the Red Path, left a note
announcing its aim to ''squash revisionists and
'capitulationists'.''

The Lima Base had also killed community leader Pascuala Rosado
on Mar. 6, in the same manner.

But the murders of Rosado and ''Black Jose'' are not only part
of the preparations for the anniversary of the armed struggle.
They also point to the short-term political objectives and social
scenario chosen by the followers of Feliciano.

In Lima, the operations of Red Path are concentrated in several
shanty-towns: Villa El Salvador, Huaycan and Raucana. Shining Path
was dislodged from those areas after Guzman's capture, and
Feliciano aims to reconquer them.

The leader of a mothers' club in Huaycan, a slum quarter 20
kilometres east of Lima, Rosado was seen as an obstacle by the
followers of Feliciano because of her refusal to be intimidated.

Another community leader, Maria Elena Moyano, of Villa El
Salvador, also ignored Red Path threats - and met a similar end.

After Rosado was killed, the rest of the community leaders of
Huaycan went into hiding. Leonidas Centeno and Pedro Arevalo, who
along with Rosado were members of a local Huaycan leadership
committee, were granted political asylum in Norway.

According to analyst Raul Gonzalez, ''Feliciano seems to have
achieved a certain level of coordination, because his operations
are no longer isolated, but follow a master plan of political
objectives.''

Another expert, Guillermo Raez, says ''the followers of
Feliciano are abandoning the theoretical framework in which they
tried to maintain their struggle with Guzman's sector. They are
entering a physical and violent phase of a settling of scores,
which could get out of their hands.''

Gonzalez and Raez coincide with former leftist deputy Carlos
Tapia in that ''the methodology chosen by Red Path leaders won't
recover the political strength Shinging Path had in 1992. But they
have the capacity to jeopardise the country's peace.''

''They have no political future,'' according to Raez. But
''with the support of the drug trade,'' they will be able to
maintain their presence in the coca-producing jungle areas. ''And
in the slums of Lima, they can take advantage of the social crisis
generated by the neoliberal adjustments, and create violent forms
of political action.''
(end/ips/trd-so/al/ff/sw/96)


Origin: Montevideo/PERU/
                              ----

       [c] 1996, InterPress Third World News Agency (IPS)
                     All rights reserved




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