Adam Rose adam at
Tue Jun 25 03:01:12 MDT 1996

> In 1962, for example, a
> major crisis broke out between the Ben Bella and Ben Khedda factions
> over who would control the military arm of the movement. This crisis
> reflected personal rather ideological differences.

I don't believe this.

> A more
> insidious legacy of the colonial era, however, was the persistence of
> the bureaucratic machinery of the old colonial state. It was not to be
> smashed but preserved and modernized. Seventy-seven percent of the
> new Algerian state personnel holding managerial positions owed their
> appointments to the colonial administration. This layer was
> augmented by FLN officials from exile in Tunisia and Morocco whom
> the Evian agreements recommended be trained in France. All of this
> would be analogous to, for example, a decision by the Vietnamese to
> retain most of Thieu's bureaucracy and to train new hires at American
> universities after the US had been expelled.

Well, perhaps it doesn't fit Vietnam. But it is VERY similar to India,
Egypt, most of Africa. Also Russia after 1917 ! Don't know about Cuba . . .

> The development model chosen by the new revolutionary government
> had been conceived by Belgian economist Destane de Bernis whose
> goal it was to address Algerian needs specifically and the Third World
> in general. The FLN turned these ideas into a doctrine. The basic
> premise was that a modernized Algerian economy that achieved rapid
> industrialization would achieve a high degree of growth that would
> enable the peasant masses to be absorbed into the new economy. To
> reach this goal, the most advanced technology would have to be
> utilized.

I believe the Cubans had a similar plan for the post revolutionary economy
in Cuba ? Most states in this position before "globalisation" did - Nasser
or De Valera, for instance.

> While gestures toward self-management
> of firms and farms were made, the "socialist" government of Algeria
> appeared more interested in the quantity of growth rather than its
> quality.

This is almost a state capitalist credo - rapid accumulation of national
capital. "Accumulate, Accumulate, Accumulate".

> Simultaneous with the technocratic approach to economic
> development that was taking shape in huge oil and chemical state-
> owned enterprises,

This gives me the impression that the overwhelming proportion of the
surplus was generated by state owned industries - am I right ?

> The private sector has grown steadily in Algeria. Charts available in
> Rachid Tlemcani's book "State and Revolution in Algeria", the source
> of the information in this post, end prior to 1986, the publication year.
> The trend is obvious, however. In 1982, private industry accounted for
> 40% of all jobs in transportation, 70% in agriculture and 75% in
> commerce. The US embassy in Algiers published a report the same
> year that pointed to the existence of 315,000 capitalist firms.

And for 1965 ? Do you have the figures ?


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