3 Instruments of the Revolution (I)

Luis Quispe lquispe at blythe.org
Sat May 4 20:56:58 MDT 1996

[Document of the Communist Party of Peru]

                           Part 1 of 3


President Gonzalo established the PCP's line of construction of the
three instruments of the revolution by upholding and applying
Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, mainly Maoism.

He teaches us that Marx said that the working class creates
organizations in its image and likeness, in other words, its own
organization.  In the XIX century, with Marx and Engels, we started off
provided with a specific conception, our own doctrine, our own
objective, our own goal, how to conquer Power and the means of doing it:
Revolutionary violence; all that was achieved in a very hard two-line
struggle.  Marx established that the proletariat can only act as a class
by constituting himself as a political party different and opposite to
all the political parties created by the propertied classes.  Therefore,
since its appearance in a prolonged process the proletariat has created
its own forms of organization.  As a result, the Party is the highest
form of organization, the army the principal form of organization and
the Front is third instrument, these three instruments are to seize
Power by means of revolutionary violence.  He tells us that by the end
of the XIX century, Engels came to the conclusion that the class did not
have either the proper organic forms or the proper military forms to
take Power and hold it.  Yet, he never said we should abandon the
revolution but the we should be working on finding a solution to these
pending problems.  This must be well understood since the revisionists
twist it to sell their opportunism.

In the XX century Lenin understood that the revolution was ripe and
created the proletarian Party of new type, molding the form of struggle:
The insurrection; and the form of organization: The detachments, which
were mobile forms and superior to the barricades of the previous
century, which were stationary forms.  Lenin set forth the need to
create new, clandestine organizations, since going on to revolutionary
actions meant the dissolution of the legal organizations by the police
and that step was only possible if it is taken by going over the old
leaders, going over the old Party, destroying it.  The Party should take
as example the modern army, with its own discipline and with its united
will and be flexible.

With Chairman Mao Tse-Tung, the class understands the need to build the
three instruments of the revolution: Party, Army and United Front in an
interrelated way.  That way it solves the construction of the three
instruments in a backwards, semi-feudal and semi-colonial country, by
way of the People's War.  Concretely, it resolves the issue of building
the Party around the gun and that it is the heroic fighter who is the
one leading its own construction, the Army and the Front.
President Gonzalo set forth the militarization of the Communist Parties
and the concentric building of the three instruments.  The
militarization of the Communist Parties is the political directive with
a strategic content, since it is "the set of transformations, changes
and readjustments it need to lead the People's War as the main form of
struggle that will generate the new State."  Therefore, the
militarization of the Communist Parties is the key for the democratic
revolution, the socialist revolution and the cultural revolutions.
He defines the principle of construction: "Based on the
ideological-political base, to simultaneously build the organizational
forms in the amidst of the class struggle and the two-line struggle, all
of these within and as a function of the armed struggle and the conquest
of Power."

In addition, the PCP links the entire process of construction with the
fluidity of the People's War, which based on Chairman Mao's theses that
"the mobility of military operations and the variability of our
territory provide all works of construction with ...  a variable

Hence, to understand the line of construction, we must start from the
form of struggle and the forms of organization; from the principle of
construction and construction linked to the fluidity of the People's War
which is the main form of struggle in today's world.



We base ourselves in Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, Gonzalo Thought, mainly
Gonzalo Thought, on the ideology of the proletariat, the highest
expression of humanity, the only truthful, scientific and invincible.
We struggle for the Communist Programme whose essence is to organize and
lead the class struggle of the proletariat so it can conquer political
Power, carry out the democratic revolution, the socialist revolution and
the cultural revolution on the way to Communism, the unwavering goal
which we march towards.  We rely on the general political line of the
revolution, based on the laws governing the class struggle for the
conquest of Power, which words established  by President Gonzalo.  The
PCP political line has five elements:

1) International line;
2) Democratic revolution;
3) Military line;
4) Line of construction of the three instruments of the revolution; and
5) Mass line.

The military line is the center of the general political line.  We forge
ourselves in proletarian internationalism as we conceive our revolution
as part of the world proletarian revolution.  And we maintain
ideological, political and organizational independence supported by our
own efforts and by masses.
The PCP is a Party of the new type which generated the leader of the
Peruvian revolution, President Gonzalo, the greatest living
Marxist-Leninist-Maoist, who leads the Party  [After the "Bend in the
Road" of Sept.  1992, the Central Committee leads the Party and the
People's War--Trans.] the guarantee of the triumph of the revolution and
will carry us to Communism.


President Gonzalo established the thesis that the Communist Parties of
the world should militarize themselves for three reasons:
First, because we are in the strategic offensive of the world
revolution, we live during the sweeping away of imperialism and reaction
>from the face of Earth within the next 50 to 100 years, a time marked by
violence in which all kinds of wars take place.  We see how reaction
militarizes itself more and more, militarizating the old States, their
economy, developing wars and aggression, trafficking with the struggles
of the peoples and aiming at a world war, since revolution is the main
tendency in the world, the task of the Communist Parties is to raise
revolution making reality the main form of struggle: The People's War,
to oppose the world counter-revolutionary war with world revolutionary

Second, because capitalist restoration must be confronted.  When the
bourgeoisie loses Power, it reintroduces itself inside the Party, uses
the army and seeks a way of usurping Power, of destroying the
dictatorship of the proletariat to reinstate capitalism.  Therefore, the
Communist Parties must militarize themselves and exercise the overall
dictatorship of the three instruments, forge themselves in the People's
War and empower the armed organization of the masses, the people's
militia, so as to engulf the army.  Towards this end, President Gonzalo
tells us to "forge all militants as Communists, first and foremost, as
fighters and as administrators"; for that reason every militant is
forged in the People's War and remains alert against any attempts of
capitalist restoration.

Third, because we march towards a militarized society.  By militarizing
the Party, we complete a step towards the militarization of society
which is the strategic perspective to guarantee the dictatorship of the
proletariat.  The militarized society is the sea of armed masses which
Marx and Engels spoke about, that guarantees the conquest and defense of
the conquered Power.  We take the experience of the Chinese Revolution,
of the anti-Japanese base at Yenan, which was a militarized society
where everything flowed out of the barrels of guns, Party, Army, State,
new politics, new economics, new culture.  And that way we develop war

In the First PCP National Conference (November 1979), President Gonzalo
proposed the thesis of the necessity to militarize the Communist Party
of Peru (PCP); then, in the early months of 1980, when the Party was
getting ready to launch the People's War, he proposed to develop the
militarization of the Party by ways of actions, based on what the great
Lenin said about reducing the non-military work and to center it in the
military, that the times of peace were ending and we entered the times
of war so that all forces should be militarized.  Thus taking the Party
as the axis of everything, build the Army around it and with these
instruments, with the masses in People's War, build the new State based
on both.  The militarization of the Party could only be carried forward
through concrete actions of the class struggle, concrete military type
actions; this does not mean we will carry out various types of military
actions exclusively (guerrilla actions, sabotages, selective
annihilation, propaganda and armed agitation) but that we must carry out
mainly these forms so as to provide incentive and development to the
class struggle, indoctrinating it with facts, with these types of
actions as the main form of struggle in the People's War.
The militarization of the Party has precedents in Lenin and Chairman
Mao, but it is a new problem developed by President Gonzalo taking into
account the new circumstance of the class struggle and we must realize
that new problems will arise which will be solved through experience.
This will necessarily imply a process of struggle between the old and
the new in order to develop it further, with war being the highest form
of resolving the contradictions, empowering the faculties people have to
find solutions.  It is the militarization of the Party which has enabled
us to initiate and develop the People's War; and we consider that this
experience has universal validity, for that reason, it is required and
necessary for the Communist Parties of the world to militarize

The concentric construction of the three instruments is the organic
fulfillment of the militarization of the Party and in synthesis it is
summarized in what President Gonzalo teaches: "The Party is the axis of
everything, it leads the three instruments overall, its own
construction, absolutely leads the army and the new State as joint
dictatorship aiming towards the dictatorship of the proletariat."

Part II will continue.
Published by The New Flag
30-08 Broadway, Suite 159
Queens, NY 11106
E-Mail:lquispe at nyxfer.blythe.org

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