Bouganville Update for Interested Persons
VIKKI at lexsun.law.uts.edu.au
Fri Oct 11 14:47:37 MDT 1996
WOMEN SPEAK OUT ON BOUGAINVILLE - National Forum
Three women have arrived from different regions of Bougainville to attend a
Women's Forum on Bougainville in Sydney to talk about their humanitarian
work and women's self-help organisations. The Forum will provide a platform
for women from all perspectives to share their experiences, hopes and
aspirations for Bougainville.
`Women Speak Out on Bougainville' is to be held in Sydney on
Saturday, 12 October at the University of Technology, Sydney.
The Bougainvillean women and other speakers at the Forum will include
Senator Dee Margetts (WA Greens), Ellen Whelan (Pacific News Bulletin),
Lee Rhiannon (Aidwatch) and Joy Balazo (Uniting Church Human Rights).
The Forum has been organised by:
Women for Bougainville, PO Box 412, Neutral Bay NSW 2089
BOUGAINVILLE INTERIM GOVERNMENT - Media Release 6/10/96
The Papua New Guinea Security Force Prisoners of War, now in
John Momis mis-informs Papua New Guinea re BRA solidarity.
BOUGAINVILLE: In a direct telephone message received from Bougainville
today, Sunday 6 October, 1996 at 3.30pm, BRA Commander General
Sam Kauona said that the PNGDF Prisoners of War (POW) captured
during the Kangu beach battle, Buin, Bougainville on 8 September, 1996
are now in Central Bougainville. The PNGDF lost 13 members during this
The attack on the PNGDF camp at Kangu beach on 8 September, 1996,
was the result of the PNG soldiers attacking and wounding three (3) children
who were returning from their bush garden and more killings of civilians
prior to that.
The three badly wounded children were immediately taken across to the
Solomon Islands where urgent surgery was performed and are now
recovering from their gun wounds. Two of the names released from
the Solomons are Huhu aged 16 years and Tondy aged 10 years from Buin.
What also further angered the BRA was news getting back to the BRA forces
that the PNGDF soldiers (supposedly guarding and looking after the civilians),
were actually mistreating the people and having free sex with women and
young girls at the Kangu care centre, most of the time under duress at gun point.
"The PNG security force POWs are now in Central Bougainville, to show the
Chan Government that the BRA forces are not divided. Recent statements
made by both Mr John Momis and General Jerry Singirok that the
BRA Southern Command was not under my command was just wishful thinking. The BRA forces are not split, and the statement that the Bougainville Southern Command is going to initiate any separate peace talks and negotiations with Port Moresby is simply
The Bougainville struggle is deeply rooted in all Bougainvilleans, with a long
history of colonial exploitation and Papua New Guinea is only the latest of
these exploiters. This is something that all Bougainvilleans cannot forget,
no matter how long or how hard Papua New Guinea tries to press for
Bougainville to remain a part of the PNG political entity".
"My conditions for the release of the POWs still stand and it is now up to
Prime Minister Chan to ensure that these men can be released safely back
to their families. Time is now running desperately short".
"We were quite prepared to be generous with the last two PNGDF POWs
(a Sergeant and a Corporal "allowed" back to their lines), but that's no longer
the case. Prime Minister Chan, you have just as much responsibility for
the lives of these men as I have", concluded General Sam Kauona from Bougainville.
In the meantime the BRA forces have confirmed that there was fighting between
the PNGDF and the BRA within the last 24 hours. The fighting took place
at Kuneka, South west of the Panguna copper mine in Central Bougainville.
The BRA lost 3 of their soldiers while the 2 PNGDF were killed and
5 wounded by the BRA forces. END.
VICTIMS OF BOUGAINVILLE CRISIS
Solomon Star (SI), Friday 4 October,1996
PNG soldiers shooting and wounding of 3 Bougainville children;
shooting and killings of a couple more civilian before 8th September 1996 battle,
triggered off the Kangu beach fighting where 13 PNG Security force members
were lost to BRA forces.
3 Children Hospitalised With Bullet Wounds.
Three children who were allegedly shot at by Papua New Guinea defence forces
were admitted to Central Hospital surgical ward Saturday last week.
The children sustained gunshot wounds early this month while returning from
their bush garden said a Bougainvillean John Noukui who accompanied them
He said the Kangu beach massacre apparently came about because of that
shooting incident and a couple of killings by the PNG Defence Force.
The youngest of the three victims is only 10 years old.
Noukui said they were transported to Gizo by BRA on a motorised boat
and flown to Honiara by Red Cross.
Situation on Bougainville has become tense following the Kangu beach incident
Meanwhile, the deadline pronounced by BRA commander Sam Kauona for
PNG government to make a response to their two demands lapsed yesterday.
BRA had demanded that PNG withdraw its troops and also recognise
Bougainville's right to independence.
Kauona said they would execute one of the captured prisoners of war unless
they get a positive response from the PNG government by yesterday.
But in his recent statement to the United Nations, PNG Prime Minister
Sir Julius Chan said his government will not allow national sovereignty to be
"My government is firmly committed to do all that we can to resolve the
crisis even though a small minority of militants has broken successive
agreements," he said.
Sir Julius added that despite the worst efforts of the Bougainville Revolutionary
Army, including the barbaric attack that led to the death of twelve members
of twelve members of the defence forces at the Kangu Care Centre,
his government are standing firm.
"We will not give them or the sympathisers abroad the satisfaction of departing
from our basic objective of restoring peace and rebuilding all they have
destroyed," Sir Julius said.
He called on all other states to refrain from statements and actions that sends
misleading signals to those who violate their laws to co-operate in preventing
smuggling and other illegal violations of their borders.
"In doing so we add the reminder that it is not the foreign meddlers who will
suffer most from the effects of the crisis but the people of Papua
New Guinea, including the overwhelming majority of Bougainvilleans who
consider themselves to be part of our nation and entitled to the same rights as
all other Papua New Guineans," Sir Julius said. END
CLOSE CARE CENTRES ON BOUGAINVILLE, URGES MOMIS
The National (PNG), 7 October, 1996
Port Moresby: A majority of people in Bougainville want the government-
controlled care centres closed down and villagers be allowed to return to their
homes, Bougainville MP John Momis has said.
He said the people also wanted all parties involved in the Bougainville crisis
to forget the past and forgive one another. The government must also speed up
the process of restoring essential services including health, education and road
infrastructure, he said.
Mr Momis said the government must let people return to their villages to allow
for peaceful resolution of the Bougainville crisis.
"The government and the political leaders must respect the constitutional rights
of the people," Mr Momis said at a news conference here last Friday on arrival
from Bougainville after holding talks with the rebel leaders over the release of
five members of security forces held hostage by the rebels.
He said: "The people must also respect the government's right to exist.
No society can operate without law and order."
Mr Momis said the general feeling in most parts of Bougainville was that the
government must close down the care centres and allow the people to return to
their villages and start growing food for themselves.
"The people are starving in the care centres and have made this genuine request
for the government to let the people return to their villages while restoration of
services are speeded up," he stressed.
Mr Momis said: "The government, rebels, resistance fighters, security forces and
the people must realise that we cannot continue to distrust one another and live
in fear of each other."
"Fear is an impediment to the whole process. We must forget the past and
forgive each other. We must stop pointing fingers and accusing each other for
what has happened earlier," he said.
Mr Momis said he was confident of the Bougainville problem being resolved
through understanding and forgiveness for the long-term good of all the parties
He said the parties involved did not need to be reminded of the loss of lives and
destruction to property caused by the conflict. END.
BOUGAINVILLE FREEDOM MOVEMENT CONDEMNS OROGEN
Papua Niugini Niuswire, 8 October, 1996
The Bougainville Freedom Movement has condemned the Papua New Guinea
government over its silence about Panguna copper mine in the controversial
Orogen minerals launch, Garamut reports in its latest edition.
"Absent from the heavy advertising campaign is any mention of the Panguna
copper-gold mine in central Bougainville," the Sydney-based
Bougainville Freedom Movement newsletter said.
"And the government remains silent about the ongoing, and increasingly
unsuccessful war against Bougainville, whose main aim has been to recover this
mine for CRA/RTZ, a war which has played a major role in bankrupting this
potentially rich nation."
Garamut said the PNG government was "broke" and having trouble raising
further funds through the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, which
were said to be "appalled by endemic corruption and mismanagement".
The Australian government no longer wanted to supply untied funds which had
often been diverted to increase the military budget.
The Chan government hopes to raise $260 million by selling off 49 per cent of
a recently launched company, Orogen Minerals Ltd, whose assets include much
of PNG's share of its major mining and petroleum resources.
Orogen's advertised portfolio includes the Kutubu oilfield, the existing Porgera
and Misima gold mines and the planned Lihir gold project, sited inside a
submarine volcano crater in New Ireland province.
"The sale of these national assets to private capitalists should, so the Chan
government hopes, allow the PNG army to continue the war, continue to kill
Bougainvilleans and Papua's soldiers," Garamut said.
"Whether the people of PNG will accept the loss of their minerals, their oil, to
finance a futile war remains to be seen." END
For further information:
email v.john at uts.edu.au
Moses Havini, Bougainville Interim Government 61-2-9804.7602
Max Watts, Journalist specialising in Bougainville, East Timor,
& West Papua.
Bougainville Freedom Movement, PO Box 134, Erskineville NSW 2043 Australia.
--- from list marxism at lists.village.virginia.edu ---
More information about the Marxism