Final post on M1

Siddharth Chatterjee siddhart at
Tue Oct 15 23:44:38 MDT 1996

In the final moments of M1, here is what I received from a
person who goes by the label of 'conservative'. This is what
bourgeois think tanks are producing while the left squabbles
among themselves. Has anyone heard of this "research institute"?


---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Tue, 15 Oct 1996 21:45:24 -0400


Contact: Kim Braun   (415) 989-0833  E-Mail: PRIPP at


Study Finds Affirmative Action Dangerous to Minorities
in California s Civil Service:

State Departments Are Setting Goals for Whites and Men

San Francisco-- A study of affirmative action efforts in the California
State Civil Service released today finds that women and most minority groups
are overrepresented in government jobs when compared to the private sector
labor force.  A good faith effort to make the state s work-force match the
ethnic proportions of California s civilian labor force could cost African
Americans as many as 10,000 jobs and women more than 7,000 jobs.  As a
result, women and minorities seeking government jobs stand to benefit from
Proposition 209, the California Civil Rights Initiative, that would enshrine
Governor Wilson s recent civil service hiring reforms in the state

The Pacific Research Institute study,  Affirmative Action in California s
State Civil Service: Who is Really Underrepresented and Why,  analyzes
twenty years of data from California State Personnel Board, the government
agency in charge of the state s affirmative action efforts.  Its findings

o From 1976 to 1995, the only groups consistently underrepresented in the
state s work-force were Hispanic, white and men.

o From 1976 to 1995, although overrepresented in the work-force at the
outset, African Americans increased their representation in the civil
service by 132 percent.  Whites, although underrepresented at the outset,
saw their representation decrease by 63 percent.

o If the state s work-force matched California s civilian labor force, there
would have to be a massive redistribution of jobs.  The groups which would
gain jobs include Hispanic (11,872), men (7,413), white (4,945), American
Indian (566) and Asian (237).  The groups which would lose jobs include
African American (-10,362), Filipino (-3,606) and women (-7,413).

The study also analyzes the civil service reforms implemented in response to
Governor Wilson s Executive Order (E.O.) W-125-95, which ordered state
agencies and departments to  draft . . . goals and timetables . . . based on
the employment pool possessing the necessary qualifications for the
particular job classification at issue, rather than on the general work
force parity.

In the wake of Wilson s E.O., hiring goals and timetables for minorities and
women fell by more than 75 percent.     It is clear that underrepresentation
of minorities and women, while still existing in some occupational
groupings, is no longer a major problem in the California Civil Service,
according to Michael Lynch, public policy fellow at PRI and author of the
study.   In fact, when the work-force is more accurately surveyed, it is
clear that two of the most underrepresented groups in the state s work-force
are whites and men.

Departments which set hiring goals for whites and men in 1995-96 include:

o The Franchise Tax Board;

o The Department of Education;

o The Department of Social Services;

o The Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs; and

o The Department of Corrections.

The study concludes that the groups which have the most to gain from the
elimination of race-targeted hiring in the California Civil Service are
African Americans and women.   Given the composition of the work-force and
the fact that even the Clinton administration has argued that whites can be
given preference in pursuit of diversity, it is clear that any continuation
along the road to racial proportionality will not benefit most of
California s minorities and women,  according to Lynch.

Pacific Research Institute, founded in 1979, is California s preeminent
public policy think tank promoting individual freedom and personal
responsibility, the cornerstones of a fair and free opportunity society.
With its reliable and timely research, PRI puts ideas into action,
influencing policy makers in the nation s most populous state and in its
capitol.  PRI has published the work of more than 200 scholars, including
three Nobel Laureates.  PRI, a 501(c) (3) non-profit, is funded entirely by
voluntary donations.

For more information, copies of the study, or to set up an interview please
contact Kim Braun at (415) 989-0833.

# # #
                               -- Eugene Volokh, UCLA Law

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