Mario Jose de Lima mjlima at SPAMuol.com.br
Sat Aug 21 08:57:56 MDT 1999

Qual a natureza do tal confronto com o Fundo Monetário Internacional do qual
vocês falam? Em verdade, as economias sul americanas, como de resto a
totalidade das economias endividadas, estão em fase falimentar. Deixam de
pagar por não possuírem caixa. então, até que ponto isso não corresponde a
uma posição política sem qualquer consistência, dado que são posições
visando a construção de suporte para jogo político interno?
Nesse sentido, fico em dúvida quanto a possibilidade de estar realmente
surgindo uma real e socialmente produtiva frente anti-imperialista.

[se vocês são capazes de ler o espanhol, que tal treinar um pouco de

-----Mensagem original-----
De: Louis Proyect <lnp3 at panix.com>
Para: marxism at lists.panix.com <marxism at lists.panix.com>
Data: Sábado, 21 de Agosto de 1999 10:24
Assunto: RE: PCP

>>La cuestion que estoy tratando de discutir es otra. Se refiere a la
>>concreta, politica, que una fuerza socialista revolucionaria de masas debe
>>establecer con el ala nacional democratica del frente antiimperialista.
>>Insisto en mi observacion anterior. Intentar derrocar a Garcia, en el
>>momento en que este se enfrenta al Fondo Monetario Internacional,
>>un eje latinoamericano contra la deuda externa y, sobre todo, cuando no se
>>cuenta con la fuerza necesaria para hacerlo, lejos de convertir a ese
>>movimiento en "la barrera real y definitiva contra el imperialismo" le
>>jugar el papel de ala izquierda de la contrarrevolucion imperialista.
>>Julio F.B.
>Garcia's initial role in confronting the IMF was positive, but we have to
>recognize that Peru has always been 2 countries. One is criollo and based
>in Lima, the other is indigenous and lives in the highlands. While each
>country has its own class divisions, as a whole the criollos regard the
>descendants of the Incas as racially inferior and exploit them
>economically. This radical bifurcation not only explains the willingness of
>the highlands to go to war, but the ferocity with which it did.
>The other thing that must be recognized is that Garcia simply lacked the
>will to confront Wall Street when presented with an ultimatum. He was
>crushed like Manley in Jamaica, who also was a leftish ally of the Cuban
>revolution. When he finally wilted under the pressure from imperialism, he
>offered the standard excuse that "there is no alternative". Even on the
>philosophical basis of Aprismo, Garcia had failed.
>Financial Times (London), January 24, 1989, Tuesday
>Peru 'Must Face Up To Austerity'
>Veronica Baruffati, Lima
>Peru faces drastic austerity measures if it wants to restore relations with
>the International
>Monetary Fund and World Bank to gain access to fresh loans, President Alan
>Garcia warned on
>Sunday evening.
>He said an IMF team would visit the country next week "to study the economy
>and propose a much
>tougher programme than the so-called economic packages we have been
>having." He added: "It is
>difficult to talk about the IMF, but, cost what it may, we have to salvage
>the economy."
>Peru has accumulated arrears of Dollars 6 bn on its foreign debt, and its
>performance has rendered it
>ineligible for World Bank or IMF funds.
>The country has sought to mend fences with the multilateral institutions,
>and President Garcia is
>believed to have been in contact with Mr Arjun Sengupta, a special
>representative of Mr Michel
>Camdessus, the IMF managing director.
>In a 10-minute television appearance on Sunday, Mr Carlos Rivas Davila,
>Peru's Finance Minister,
>reported on his recent trip to Washington, where he spoke to
>representatives of the international
>financial community.
>He spelled out some of the terms which Peru would have to meet if it wanted
>to negotiate fresh loans
>which would include a symbolic payment of Dollars 30 m to the IMF as a
>token of goodwill to repay
>its debt.
>This would involve a shock economic programme, the main objectives of which
>would be to eliminate
>all subsidies; the unification of the official exchange rate in line with
>the parallel dollar rate, at present
>almost triple the highest official rate; an end to the indexation of wages;
>and the introduction of an
>austerity programme aimed at eliminating the fiscal deficit which equalled
>15 per cent of Gross
>Domestic Product in 1988.
>Louis Proyect

More information about the Marxism mailing list