PCP

Louis Proyect lnp3 at SPAMpanix.com
Fri Aug 20 11:23:13 MDT 1999



Julio:
>El gobierno de Alan Garcia, como tu mismo afirmas, no era ni una dictadura
>militar proimperialista ni una democracia al servicio de la rosca
>oligarquica  peruana, como el gobierno de Fujimori (que participa de ambas
>naturalezas).

from ANTI-IMPERIALIST VIEWPOINT by J. C. MARIATEGUI (Presented to the First
Latin American Communist Conference, June 1929)

The fundamental difference between us in Peru who originally accepted the
APRA (as a project for a united front, never as a party or even as an
effective organizer of struggle), and those outside Peru who later defined
it as a Latin American Kuomintang, is that the former remain faithful to
the revolutionary, socioeconomic conception of anti-imperialism; the
latter, meanwhile, explain their position by saying: "We are leftists (or
socialists) because we are anti-imperialists." Anti-imperialism thereby is
raised to the level of a program, a political attitude, a movement that is
valid in and of itself and that leads spontaneously to socialism, to the
social revolution (how, we have no idea). This idea inordinately
overestimates the anti-imperialist movement, exaggerates the myth of the
struggle for a "second independence," and romanticizes that we are already
living in the era of a new emancipation. This leads to the idea of
replacing the anti-imperialist leagues with political parties. From an APRA
initially conceived as a united front, a popular alliance, a bloc of
oppressed classes, we pass to an APRA defined as the Latin American
Kuomintang.

For us, anti-imperialism does not and cannot constitute, by itself a
political program for a mass movement capable of conquering state power.
Anti-imperialism, even if it could mobilize the nationalist bourgeoisie and
petty bourgeoisie on the side of the worker and peasant masses (and we have
already definitively denied this possibility), does not annul class
antagonisms nor suppress different class interests.

Neither the bourgeoisie nor the petty bourgeoisie in power can carry out
anti-imperialist politics. To demonstrate this we have the experience of
Mexico, where the petty bourgeoisie has just allied with Yankee
imperialism. In its relations with the United States, a "nationalist"
government might use different language than the Leguia government of Peru.
This government is clearly, unabashedly Pan-Americanist and Monroeist. But
any other bourgeois government would carry out the same practical policies
on loans and concessions. Foreign capital investment in Peru grows in
direct and close relation to the country's economic development, the
exploitation of its natural riches, its population, and the improvement of
its routes of communication. How can the most demagogic petty bourgeois
oppose this capitalist penetration? With nothing but words; with nothing
but a quick, nationalist fix. The taking of power by anti-imperialism, if
it were possible, would not represent the taking of power by the
proletarian masses, by socialism. The socialist revolution will find its
most bloody and dangerous enemy (dangerous because of their confusionism
and demagogy) in those petty bourgeois placed in power by the voices of
order.

Without ruling out the use of any type of anti-imperialist agitation or any
action to mobilize those social sectors that might eventually join the
struggle, our mission is to explain to and show the masses that only the
socialist revolution can stand as a definitive and real barrier to the
advance of imperialism.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/mariateg/

Louis Proyect

(http://www.panix.com/~lnp3/marxism.html)









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