Alan Garcia

Sam Pawlett rsp at SPAMuniserve.com
Sun Aug 29 01:06:24 MDT 1999



Julio Fernández Baraibar wrote:
>
> Sam: Alan Garcia trato desesperadamente de encontrar apoyo en el resto de
> los paises latinoamericanos. Ni Alfonsin, en Argentina, ni Sarney en
> Brasil -los dos principales paises para tomar una decision de este tipo- lo
> acompañaron. Por supuesto, fracaso. En ese sentido, Garcia propuso
> exactamente lo mismo que Castro. Recuerdo una reunion en Cartagena en la que
> el presidente peruano tuvo una destacada actuacion proponiendo la unidad de
> los deudores. Alfonsin, como siempre, "hizo un discurso", pero nada mas.
>

Why did the debtors cartel fail? I thought Castro called for the total
repudiation of debt but any decrease in debt payments is a step forward.

> Fue durante el final del gobierno del APRA que Sendero creyo ilusamente que
> habia llegado el momento de la ofensiva final. Fue durante ese periodo que
> comenzaron sus asesinatos de dirigentes populares en los barrios de Lima y
> su delirante "cerco a las ciudades". Por supuesto, la derecha del ejercito,
> a la que Garcia habia tratado de mantener alejada de la conduccion de la
> lucha contra Sendero, aprovecho la oportunidad para hacerse cargo de la
> misma. Y Garcia ya habia perdido poder para evitarlo.
> Insisto lo dicho en otros mensajes: La politica delirante de Sendero ayudo
> decisivamente al debilitamiento del gobierno aprista, para despues poder
> demostrar "la debilidad de los gobiernos burgueses". La profecia que se
> autorrealiza.
>

  I mostly agree with you on Sendero. They committed suicide. The push
towards urban terrorism in the mid-80's was a result of the stalemate
that was occuring in the highlands due to the rondos and the
increasingly brutal and fascistic approach of the army. The move to the
urban was a big gamble to keep the revolutionary momentum moving
forward. I think the PCP would have been better off if they had been
more patient, had strengthened their base in the highlands and jungle
and continued organizing in the unions and civil society. Because of
their sectarian and millenarian ideology, the PCP could not enlarge
their base. The movement had gotten as big and strong as it was going to
get. They were a prisoner to their own ideology. Oddly enough, I think
the millenarian ideology of the PCP was the source of its strength and
its achilles heel. Millenarianism attracted the most dispossesed and
alienated in Peruvian society promising to obliterate every aspect of
the present order and to build a new society from the bottom up. Yet
there were only so many people of this class  and beyond them the PCP
could not make serious inroads into the urban poor other than through
force. The PCP could not organize the elements in the working class and
urban poor necessary to win a revolution.
   In the end, the PCP only set the Peruvian left back about 25 years. I
used to more sympathetic to the PCP until I spent a fair bit of time in
Peru, travelling to every nook and cranny and talking politics with
anyone who would engage me. Most of the sympathizers I met were educated
and middle class rural people.


> Y Sam, please, no creas todo lo que se dice por ahi de nuestros lideres
> populares, de sus cuentas millonarias, de sus muchas mujeres, de sus vicios
> privados, etc.

  No, I don't think that but graft and corruption is extremely serious
business in impoverished countries like Peru where the majority of the
population is engaged in a desperate daily struggle  to procure the
basic means of sustenance.

Sam Pawlett









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