"Blair plans to drown Kurd town"
owen.jones at SPAMultramail.co.uk
Sun Dec 12 08:54:58 MST 1999
From the Independent on Sunday.
Blair plans to drown Kurd town
By Geoffrey Lean and Jo Dillon
12 December 1999
Tony Blair plans to use taxpayers' money to fund a controversial Turkish dam
which will drown one of the world's oldest towns, flood tens of thousands of
people out of their homes, and risk starting a new war in the Middle East.
He is over-riding opposition from senior cabinet ministers, and ignoring
protests from governments overseas, to insist that the Department of Trade
and Industry provide £200m in backing to a consortium of construction
companies to ensure that the dam, in south-east Turkey, is built.
The Prime Minister's action is bound to increase concern that he is
tailoring policy to pander to big business, and threatens to shatter what
remains of Foreign Secretary Robin Cook's "ethical foreign policy".
Mr Cook is understood to believe that the project, which has been shunned by
the World Bank because it violates its ethical and environmental codes,
could prove as much of a millstone around the Government's neck as the
Pergau Dam proved to be for its Tory predecessor.
The Foreign Secretary is fighting a vigorous rearguard action against the
plan, which would give an export credit guarantee to a consortium headed by
the British construction giant Balfour Beatty, which was at the heart of the
Pergau Dam affair, to build the Ililsu Dam on the River Tigris, near
Turkey's borders with Syria and Iraq.
Stephen Byers, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, and John Prescott,
Deputy Prime Minister, also have grave reservations. Mr Byers, who is
formally responsible for the decision, regards it as "the most difficult" he
has faced in his year in the post.
But as a result of the pressure from Downing Street, Mr Byers is to announce
next week that he is "minded" to approve the granting of the guarantee. At
the same time he will publish two reports on the effects of the project on
the people and environment of the region, to provide grounds for debate
before the final decision is taken.
The project is one of the most controversial of a series of 22 dams Turkey
plans to build on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Kurdish part of the
country to provide electricity and water for agriculture.
The reservoir would flood some 52 villages and 15 towns including Hasankayf,
one of the oldest in the world. More than 20,000 people, many of them Kurds,
would lose their homes.
Even more alarming, the dam, some 40 miles from the Turkish border, could be
used to deny the waters of the Tigris to Syria and Iraq. Both countries,
along with Jordan and the League of Arab States, have protested at British
Defence experts say that if Syria or Iraq were provoked into attacking
Turkey to defend their water supplies, Britain, as a fellow member of Nato,
would be bound, if asked, to intervene on Turkey's behalf.
Sources at the Department of Trade and Industry say that the final decision
is still some way away and that if a guarantee is granted it will be
accompanied with "strict conditions". But Downing Street insists that any
conditions should not stand in the way of the dam being built.
In Helsinki, the summit of European leaders agreed that Turkey should be
accepted as a candidate for membership of the European Union, but insisted
that it must improve its record on human rights and good neighbourly
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