Fwd: [Cuba SI] Polls Shift, Ibero, Treasury, Trial, NNOC, RHC...

Macdonald Stainsby mstainsby at SPAMhotmail.com
Wed Nov 17 13:14:40 MST 1999





>From: "Compañero" <companyero at mindspring.com>
>Reply-To: cubasi at egroups.com
>To: kenito at worker.com
>Subject: [Cuba SI] Polls Shift, Ibero, Treasury, Trial, NNOC, RHC...
>Date: Wed, 17 Nov 1999 09:32:52 -5
>

______________________________________________________
Get Your Private, Free Email at http://www.hotmail.com>From
cubasi-return-1804-mstainsby=hotmail.com at returns.egroups.com Wed Nov 17 07:21:21 1999
X-eGroups-Return: cubasi-return-1804-mstainsby=hotmail.com at returns.egroups.com
Received: from [10.1.2.1] by mu.egroups.com with NNFMP; 17 Nov 1999 15:20:30 -0000
Received: (listserv 1.285); by m5; 17 Nov 1999 15:20:29 -0000
Delivered-To: listsaver-egroups-cubasi at egroups.com
Received: (qmail 30294 invoked from network); 17 Nov 1999 15:20:23 -0000
Received: from smtp6.mindspring.com (207.69.200.110) by qh.egroups.com with SMTP; 17
Nov 1999 15:20:23 -0000
Received: from kenneth (user-37kasfc.dialup.mindspring.com [207.69.113.236]) by
smtp6.mindspring.com (8.8.5/8.8.5) with ESMTP id JAA10254; Wed, 17 Nov 1999 09:33:04
-0500 (EST)
Message-Id: <199911171433.JAA10254 at smtp6.mindspring.com>
From: "Compañero" <companyero at mindspring.com>
To: kenito at worker.com
Date: Wed, 17 Nov 1999 09:32:52 -5
X-Distribution: Moderate
MIME-Version: 1.0
Content-transfer-encoding: 7BIT
Priority: normal
X-mailer: Pegasus Mail for Win32 (v3.12a)
Mailing-List: contact cubasi-owner at egroups.com
X-Mailing-List: cubasi at egroups.com
X-URL: http://www.egroups.com/list/cubasi/
Precedence: bulk
List-Help: <http://www.egroups.com/group/cubasi/info.html>,
 <mailto:cubasi-help at egroups.com>
List-Unsubscribe: <mailto:cubasi-unsubscribe at egroups.com>
List-Subscribe: <http://www.egroups.com/subscribe?listname=cubasi>,
 <mailto:cubasi-subscribe at egroups.com>
List-Owner: <mailto:cubasi-owner at egroups.com>
List-Archive: <http://www.egroups.com/group/cubasi/>
Reply-To: cubasi at egroups.com
Subject: [Cuba SI] Polls Shift, Ibero, Treasury, Trial, NNOC, RHC...
Content-Type: text/enriched; charset=US-ASCII

<x-rich>Special Coverage, Ibero-American Summit


OPENING SPEECH BY DR. FIDEL CASTRO RUZ, PRESIDENT OF THE
REPUBLIC OF

CUBA, AT THE 9th IBERO-AMERICAN SUMMIT.


HAVANA, NOVEMBER 16, 1999.


Your Majesty,

Excellencies,

Guests,


In July 1991, when the first Summit was held in Guadalajara, I could not

even imagine the further development of such event.  I was a strange bird

there, an intruder whose life was pardoned by admission to that hall. Cuba

had always been left out of every meeting on this continent.  Some looked

at me with curiosity and even pity. Hardly anyone believed that Cuba could

withstand the collapse of the socialist camp, which led to the double

blockade that would abruptly fall on our country.


We were accustomed to taking part in other kinds of summits such as those

of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries, where radical pronouncements

were made; also with Heads of State or Governments of the Socialist

Countries, that never escaped the use of certain revolutionary and

anti-imperialist vocabulary.  We were used to the idea that it would still

take a long time to have a united and integrated America.  I wondered
what

I was doing at that Summit and what Spain and Portugal -- our former

colonial powers -- were doing there, as they were members of the European

Union and NATO.


However, I will never forget Mexico's gesture of inviting us there, as I

will forever be grateful to King Juan Carlos for his kind and respectful

manner and to other leaders present there in whom I felt sincere

solidarity toward the black sheep -- representing in that meeting a

rebellious and tenacious people -- that thirty years before had strayed

from the flock to pursue its own way and that in a matter of weeks or

months would be sent to the slaughterhouse.  Still, the most significant

to me then was that Latin Americans were meeting for the first time

without being summoned by Washington.  Why was that?  Historians might

some day offer a reasonable explanation for the strange things that were

happening.


Only eight years have passed.  At that time, no one mentioned

globalization; not even the specialized magazines on politics and

economics.  The books still referred to the "Japanese miracle" and the

legendary and invulnerable "Asian tigers." Russia was entering the

fabulous stage of the purest democracy that the world ever knew, with a

rapid and unbridled growth fostered by the prescriptions of the

International Monetary Fund and Western economic wisdom.


Capitalism had discovered the philosopher's stone: uninterrupted

development without recession or crisis.  It was the end of history.


When it was felt that the summit meetings were useless, no one objected

that Cuba would host the 9th Summit in 1999; Cuba would not even exist by

then. That was the basic reason for which it was not difficult to leave us

the task of organizing what was then little else than a utopia.


It was about that time that, in a very coordinated fashion, some pundits

and wise men among those who foretell the future, took to the impossible

mission of persuading Cuba that it should abandon the path of revolution

and socialism as the only possible alternative for survival.  Advise came

from all directions, but we felt otherwise and were determined to

struggle.


As if Aristotle himself were our tutor, we listened politely to their

advise with the half-smile of a Mona Lisa and the Biblical patience of

Job.


History has taught us all a lesson.  The importance of the Ibero-
American

Summits have grown tremendously.  Many actions aimed at
integration have

been inspired, fostered and supported by them.  Thousands of senior

officials and experts from our countries have met and strengthened

relations.  The political leaders have come to know each other better
and

to have a clearer understanding of our respective countries' complex

problems.


We do not need to be summoned or receive anyone's permission to
meet like

a family without exclusions. Spain and Portugal have become sound
and

indispensable bridges with an increasingly united and integrated
Europe.

Relations with the Caribbean nations are developing and
strengthening as

well.


A few years ago, no one would have thought it viable to have a Summit

conference as was held in Rio de Janeiro with Caribbean, Latin
American

and European Community nations in attendance.  In my view, the
efforts

undertaken at the Guadalajara Summit made it possible.  Today,
there is

the opportunity to take up a united defense of our vital interests and to

negotiate together the crucial issues of our times.  If we act separately,

we could be devoured -- but together, no one will be powerful enough
to

devour all of us.


New discrepancies and different conflicts arise between Latin
American

countries but none would resist the common will to resolve them.

Agreements on border conflicts, some of which date back for
centuries,

like those of Peru and Ecuador and between Argentina and Chile are

examples of this.  The complex and difficult world coming upon us,
where

our countries' integrity and survival is at stake, can only be sustained

by our peoples joining closely together.


I wanted to be very sincere in recounting this story.  In opening this 9th

Summit, I did not want to touch on our main subject matter, that is:

"Ibero-America and the international financial situation in a globalized

economy," proposed by Cuba in Oporto.  At that time, some took it for

granted that at this point in 1999, there would not be any symptoms of
a

crisis.  We rather leave it to you to open the debate on the central

issue.


As hosts of the 9th Summit, we have pursued some basic principles:


-This Summit is not Cuba's; above all, it is the Summit of the visiting

Heads of State and Government.


-It is our duty to create the best possible conditions for its

development.


-There shall be a minimum of official functions and a maximum of
work in

the limited time available.


-We shall avoid prominence.


-We shall elude any advantages as hosts.


-We shall place other countries' problems and interests above our
own.


-Everyone shall be accorded utmost consideration and respect,
regardless

of past or present differences.


-We shall work ceaselessly.


-Real success will come from making this a fruitful and productive
Summit.


The results of this conduct are tangible.  There have been countless

meetings in our country prior to the Summit, with thousands of senior

officials and experts in attendance.


Every possible subject has been discussed. All documents have been

elaborated by consensus.


All the necessary facilities have been created.  Every detail and every

interest expressed by the Heads of State and Government, their
efficient

advisors, assistants and staffs have been attended to and solved.


New subjects will be brought up.  There will be contradictions and

debates. When the Heads of State and Government meet all by
ourselves in

the afternoon for lunch and afterwards, we shall advance towards the

solution of our differences.  Our program will be flexible.


All the residences, meeting halls, the media room and other areas
related

to the Summit are nearby.  Any flaws or errors can be attributed to our

inability but not to negligence or lack of concern.  I thank you in

advance for your understanding and beg your forgiveness.


Cuba and its entire people are at your service.


Thank you very much.


                                    ***



DECLARATION OF HAVANA SIGNED BY IBERO-AMERICAN
HEADS OF STATE

TUESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 16, 1999

HAVANA, CUBA


The Declaration of Havana was signed by the heads of State and
governments

present in the Cuban capital for the 9th Ibero-American Summit.  In the

document, leaders of Latin America, Spain and Portugal reiterated
their

commitment to abide by the principles of sovereignty, non-intervention,

self-determination, the peaceful settlement of conflicts and the right of

all peoples to build a political system of their own choice, in peace,

stability and justice.


The Declaration of Havana also reaffirms the governments' willingness to

pursue a fair and participatory system in international relations, based

on the principles advocated by the United Nations Charter, the Universal

Declaration of Human Rights and other international accords.


Consequently, like in previous Summits, Ibero-American community leaders

once again voiced their rejection of unilateral sanctions,

extraterritorial and national laws that breach international principles

contrary to the spirit of cooperation and friendship that should prevail

among Ibero-American nations.  Observers noted that besides the repeated

disapproval of the U.S. anti-Cuba Helms-Burton Law, the text of the

Declaration of Havana makes an implicit reference to the current dispute

between Chile and Spain regarding the extradition of former Chilean

dictator Augusto Pinochet.


Regarding the event's main subject, while the Declaration acknowledges the

opportunities and benefits that result from globalization in terms of

technologies, it points out that there are obstacles in the path towards

the reduction of economic and social inequalities, and deemed necessary

the adoption of measures to ease the situation of the poor in the region.


In a world where multilateralism, cooperation and the forging of alliances

is ever more increasing, the heads of State expressed in the Declaration

of Havana their willingness to consolidate the Ibero-American Summits as

an instrument of dialogue and political reconciliation, to face the

socio-economic-technological and environmental challenges of the 21st

century.


In the Declaration of Havana, the Ibero-American leaders expressed
their

satisfaction for the creation of the Ibero-American Secretariat on

Cooperation and gave formal approval to the organization that will be

headed by Mexican Jorge Alberto Lozoya, with its permanent
headquarters in

Madrid, Spain.  The organization will provide a platform for a permanent

follow-up and greater control, and will become one of the most important

links in the ongoing work of Ibero-American Summits.



           [c] 1999, Radio Habana Cuba

               All rights reserved


************************************************************************

  OPINION



        Published Wednesday, November 17, 1999, in the Miami Herald


                     MAX CASTRO



 Polls show shift: End Cuban embargo


 Max J. Castro, Ph.D., is a senior research associate at the University of

Miami's

 Dante B. Fascell North-South Center.


 By now, the 40-year-old struggle between the United States, the Cuban

regime of

 Fidel Castro and the exiles was supposed to be nearing the end game.

Alas,

 lately the board is getting more crowded, the game more complex. New

players --

 the Pope, a king, dissidents, American farmers -- have burst onto the

scene or

 assumed larger roles. It's easy to get lost in the probabilities and

passions.

 Looking past the headlines and wishful thinking, a few facts stand out.


 For the first time, a majority of Americans clearly and consistently

disapprove of

 the policy of economic embargo and political isolation that have been

the heart of

 the U.S. approach toward Cuba for four decades.


 Evidence of the shift in American public opinion is clear and consistent. As

of

 September 1994, according to a CNN-Time poll, 51 percent of

Americans favored

 maintaining the embargo and 39 percent wanted to end it. In the latest

Gallup Poll

 conducted last May, 51 percent wanted to end the embargo vs. 42

percent who

 believed it should stay in place. By 71 to 25 percent, Americans

favored restoring

 diplomatic relations according to this latest poll.


 The trend holds in those areas in which Cuban exile influence is

greatest and

 there is the most negative information about the regime. In an April

1998 survey,

 likely voters in Florida's 18th Congressional District (a seat now

occupied by

 Republican Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen) were asked whether the United

States

 should continue the embargo or needs a new policy toward Cuba. White

 non-Hispanic voters, by a margin of 55 to 38 percent, opted for a new

policy. The

 results are consistent with the recent Herald-St. Petersburg Times

survey, which

 showed 45 to 36 percent margin for ending the embargo among

Miami-Dade

 County registered voters.


 On the issue of Cuba policy, Cuban exiles have become isolated from

the

 mainstream.


 The majority of Cuban Americans have not shared in the general shift in

public

 opinion. For example, among likely voters in the 18th Congressional

District in

 1998, Cuban-American views were in striking contrast to those of white

 non-Hispanics. By a margin of 70 to 26 percent, Cuban Americans

favored

 keeping the embargo over a new policy.


 As a result, to keep the embargo intact, hard-line Cuban-American

members of

 Congress now must fight former allies, including conservative

Republicans,

 business lobbies and farm organizations. The Cuban American National

 Foundation once feted such powerful figures as President Ronald

Reagan and

 Spanish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar. This week they chose to

honor Donald

 Trump, a third-party candidate with minuscule poll numbers and huge

negatives, a

 man whom many Americans consider a laughingstock. For good

measure, at the

 Trump celebration CANF denounced their former friend Aznar, currently

in Havana

 attending the Ibero-American Summit.


 The Havana summit and Aznar's presence there is yet more evidence

that the

 U.S. policy of isolating Cuba has failed. Instead, as last week's

overwhelming

 U.N. vote against the embargo showed, the policy has

 isolated the United States.


 The summit also showed that the Cuban opposition exists and its

support is not

 limited to the U.S. government and hard-line exiles.


 By cracking down and railing against them by name, the Cuban

president

 confirmed the existence of the dissidents and elevated their stature and

visibility,

 which was magnified through numerous meetings between dissidents

and leaders

 attending the summit.


 Even the foreign minister of Mexico, a country that traditionally has had

close

 relations with Havana, met with a dissident.


 By their presence in Havana at the summit, Ibero-American nations are

telling the

 U.S. government to change its policy. The actions and words of the

heads of

 state convey a different message for the Cuban government:

Democracy can be

 delayed, but not denied. These twin messages are unlikely to be

heeded instantly

 by either side. But eventually they must be, for they express the

desires of

 emerging majorities in Cuba and the United States that cannot be held

back

 forever.


 maxcastro at miami.edu

******************************************************************

TIME IS RUNNING OUT AND MORE LETTERS ARE NEEDED...PLEASE WRITE
ATLEAST ONE LETTER TODAY...


Dear friends:

I have just received this urgent ACTION REQUEST. I have phoned

IFCO/Pastors for Peace, who verified to me that they have endorsed
this

effort. It is official!  It is urgent that letters be sent to the US

Treasury Dept. as the court case against IFCO/P4P  to seize their

financial records is about to heard. The letters must arrive by Monday,

November 22. A sample letter is included. Please circulate this appeal

widely.


Paul Davidson (London)


Subject: ACTION REQUEST: Friends of the Friendshipment

Dear Friends,


WE NEED YOUR HELP IN THE NEXT 10 DAYS!


We are writing to you as "Friends of the Friendshipments," folks
across

the country and the world, who support the life-saving work of the

Interreligious Foundation for Community Organization (IFCO) and
their many

wonderful projects, including the IFCO/Pastors for Peace caravans.


ACTION:  As "friends of the Friendshipment," we ask you to send a
letter

to the Treasury Department supporting IFCO and requesting that they
cease

and desist in their ongoing harassment of IFCO (PLEASE SEE
BACKGROUND &

SAMPLE LETTER BELOW).


WHEN? NEXT 10 DAYS (arriving by 11/22/99):  This is a critical
point in

the deliberations; we want to show the US administration that there is

strong, broad-based support for IFCO's position against the immoral

blockade of Cuba. So, we are asking you and other friends of IFCO to
send

as many letters as possible during the next 10 DAYS (arriving at the
Dept.

of Treasury by Monday 11/22/99) to show support for IFCO and their

life-saving work.


WHERE?  Letters should be addressed to The Hon. James Johnson,
Deputy

Secretary for Enforcement, US Department of the Treasury, FAX:

202-622-5040, PHONE 202-622-1260,


WITH A COPY TO: R. RICHARD NEWCOMB, Director of Office of
Foreign Assets

Control, US Department of the Treasury, FAX:  202-622-1759,
PHONE:

202-622-2500.



BACKGROUND:  As you already know, the US Treasury
Department's Office of

Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) made a demand for IFCO's bank
records last

October. IFCO has been in court since then fighting Treasury's
attempt to

violate the privacy of IFCO's supporters. Most recently, IFCO's
attorneys

filed hundred pages of affidavits and statements in Federal Court to

support IFCO's claim that OFAC's attempt to seize IFCO's bank
records is a

violation of the privacy rights and First Amendment rights (to

association, and political and religious expression) of IFCO's
associates.

 This attempted seizure also violates international law (because the

embargo violates international law by depriving innocents of food and

medicine).


SUGGESTED POINTS FOR YOUR LETTER/SAMPLE LETTER:

The Hon. James Johnson

Deputy Secretary for Enforcement

US Department of the Treasury

1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW

Washington, DC 20220


Dear Mr. Johnson:

We are aware that your Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is

continuing in its attempt to demand bank records of the Interreligious

Foundation for Community Organization. We are supporters of
IFCO's work

AND we oppose the McCarthy-style tactics that OFAC used to
intimidate IFCO

and its supporters.



We support IFCO's efforts to protect the privacy of its donors, projects,

partners and friends. We further support IFCO's leadership in bringing

continued nonviolent challenges to the immoral US economic
blockade

against Cuba, a neighbor nation.


You must be aware that the world community is in consensus that our

nation's Cuba policy must change.  There is ample evidence of this
global

consensus: The United Nations General Assembly has voted eight
years in a

row to condemn the US blockade; just this month, 155 member
nations voted

to condemn the blockade.  In the US Congress, there are currently 160

House cosponsors for HR1644; the Senate also voted 70-28 in favor
of the

Ashcroft amendment to end all food and medicine sanctions.  Mayors, city

council members, and now, even governors from across the United States

have visited Cuba and condemned the US blockade, especially its

restrictions on food and medicines.  Even the US State Department says

that food and medicine sanctions are politically and economically

counterproductive and hurt innocent people.


IFCO has known this and acted upon it, before almost anybody else.  Your

agency should be applauding their moral leadership instead of harassing

them and their partners.


We call upon the US Treasury Department to:  stop its harassment of
IFCO,

drop the demand for bank records, and let IFCO be free to do its

life-saving, humanitarian work.


Sincerely,




REMEMBER:  It's important that letters arrive this week and next, by

MONDAY 11/22/99. Thanks for your support!


---------------------------------------

Mr James Johnson

Deputy Secretary for Enforcement, OFAC

Washington, DC

FAX (202)622 1260



Honorable Mr Johnson,


As you may be acutely aware, for the past 40 years the United States

have unilaterally imposed on the people of Cuba, the most stringent
and

devastating embargo ever applied against any nation in the world.
The

longstanding negative health effects that this unjustifiable and
inhumane

acation may have on the lives of innocent victims, may never be

established.


It is for this reason, that Pastors For Peace, who have gathered

extensive first hand information about this tragic decision and its

macabre toll, decided that in the name of human dignity and religious

values, something had to be done to restore principles, faith and

righteousness, in this world that seem to have gone astray.


Apparently, you do not have a clue of what these honorable people do
for

others, and you are therefore concerned with bank files and donor
lists.

As it was in the past, this witch-hunt may effectively destroy this human

endeavor, that should serve as a vivid example of what our children
should

be and sadly, so many are not.


But whatever the outcome of this intimidation and repressive action,
the

children in Cuba who have received their books, the patients in health

institutions whose pain and suffering may have been mitigated, the

asthmatic outpatient that may have survived another year because of a

donated inhaler, the cancer patients that may have died with dignity

because of their pain killer, or those people of faith who received a

bible and are now spreading the word of God, or that glass of milk

provided to an infant, too hungry to fall asleep, they will remember who

Pastors For Peace are and what the stand for!


Authority and Power, should never be used to crush the weak!
Galileo,

Martin Luther, Darwin, Spartacus and thousands of others, were all
viewed

through similar prism and ostracized, only to become an integral part
of

human history.  May we all be sure and proud of our daily actions!


Alberto N Jones, DVM-EH

==========================================

Defense paints Castro as villain in trial of accused assassins



By Chris Hawley

Associated Press Writer



SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) -- Defense lawyers painted Fidel
Castro as the

villain Monday in opening arguments at the trial of six >>Cuban<<<<
exiles

accused of plotting to assassinate the communist leader.


"The only evidence of any murderer that you will hear about in this trial

is Fidel Castro himself," attorney Ricardo Pesquera told the jury in

federal court in San Juan. The defense said the men were on a
mission to

help potential >>Cuban<<<< defectors at a Latin American summit on
Margarita

island off Venezuela.


The defense denied charges that the suspects had plotted for years
to kill

Castro.


"Fidel Castro is an internationally protected person. You are not
asked to

like him or not like him -- that is not the charge," said Miguel Pereira,

a prosecutor. "You are here to judge facts, not history. History will

judge itself."


The best known defendant is Jose Antonio Llamas, director of the

influential Miami-based >>Cuban<<<< American National Foundation
that Castro

himself has accused of trying to kill him -- a charge the foundation

denies.


The FBI investigation of the group began after a Coast Guard cutter

stopped Llamas' yacht, La Esperanza, for a routine check off Puerto
Rico

on Oct. 27, 1997.


On Monday, Coast Guard Lt. Commander Brendan McPherson
testified that

officers found two .50-caliber sniper rifles, ammunition, night-vision

goggles, radios and satellite navigation equipment.


The men, who fled >>Cuba<<<<'s communist revolution and had
become

successful businessmen in Florida and New Jersey, first told the
Coast

Guard they were on a fishing trip from Miami.


After the weapons were discovered, Angel Manuel Alfonso, 59,
blurted out

that they planned to kill Castro at the Venezuela summit. His lawyer,

Pesquera, said Alfonso spoke only "for effect," frustrated that his

mission to save defectors had failed and indignant at being
considered a

criminal or gunrunner.


Pesquera gave grim details of Alfonso's 18 years as a political
prisoner

before he was allowed to leave >>Cuba<<<< in 1978 -- five of them in

solitary confinement, kept in a hole filled with human excrement, often

left naked and beaten until his limbs were broken.


The defense detailed the tight security around Castro, suggesting it
would

have been ridiculous for the defendants to think they could
assassinate

him.


The lawyers said the men needed the guns and other equipment to
protect

themselves from >>Cuban<<<< attack while trying to save >>Cubans<<<<
fleeing

their homeland.


Arrested on the boat with Alfonso, a textile company manager from
Union

City, N.J., were Miami businessmen Angel Hernandez Rojo, 66,
Francisco

Secundino Cordova, 52 and Juan Bautista Marquez, 63, who is ill with

cancer and is to be tried at a later date.


Indicted with them were Llamas, Miami lumber dealer Jose
Rodriguez, 60 and

Alfred Domingo Otero, 70.

**************************************************

NNOC Conference Committee



URGENT MESSAGE TO ALL OF YOU WHO ARE PLANNING TO
ATTEND THE NNOC

CONFERENCE AND THE FRIDAY NIGHT SOLIDARITY EVENT.


The conference and solidarity event spaces are going fast!  If you
want to

assure your reservation at this conference and the opening event of
Friday

night you will need to pre-register ASAP by following the instructions
on

the brochure.  Please send $40.00 and make the check out to
National

Conference on Cuba, PO Box 39188, Redford, MI 48239.  Also, the
special

rates for the room reservations at the Westin run out on November
22nd.

Send your money now and you will be assured of a place at this
historic

event!


THE NATIONAL NETWORK ON CUBA CONFERENCE
COMMITTEE

************************************************************

RADIO HAVANA CUBA'S VIEWPOINT

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1999


Spain's King Don Juan Carlos de Borbon is in Cuba attending the 9th

Ibero-American Summit of Heads of State and Government.  This is
the

first time a Spanish monarch visits the largest island of the Antilles

archipelago.


Cuban authorities have also extended a special invitation to the
Spanish

King and Queen to make an official visit to Cuba.


Bilateral relations between Spain and Cuba have experienced rapid
growth

in the last several years, to the point that Spain has become Cuba's

principal trading partner.


It's worth recalling that Latin America absorbs nearly seven percent of

Spain's exports, although generating just four percent of the nation's

imports.


Spain currently has investments in Cuba worth 200 million dollars and

participates in 72 of the 360 mixed enterprises with foreign capital set

up on the Caribbean island over the last years.


Most of the Spanish investments are in the tourism sector which has

experienced significant growth, becoming Cuba's most important
earner of

hard currency.


Although many Spanish investors are doing business in Cuba and
new joint

projects are expected to yield profitable results in the near future, new

difficulties are about to emerge, from the aggressive actions of the
U.S.

government in line with Washington's nearly 40-year genocidal
blockade

against Cuba.


Several Spanish and Canadian companies have already been
threatened with

the imposition of sanctions if they continue to defy Washington's

extraterritorial Helms-Burton Law, aimed at tightening the blockade by

punishing third countries doing business with Cuba.


The Spanish and Canadian business community have made it clear
that they

will not yield to Washington's pressures.


Washington's Cuba policy has been strongly rejected by the
international

community.  Irrefutable evidence of this is the eighth consecutive vote
at

the United Nations General Assembly, with an ever-increasing
number of

countries voting in favor of a Cuban resolution against the blockade.


The celebration in Cuba of the 9th Ibero-American Summit of Heads
of

State and Government, with the presence of Spanish and Portuguese

officials of the highest level, is further confirmation of the spirit of

cooperation and concerted action within the Ibero-American
Community.



HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENTS OF IBERO-AMERICA
SIGN DECLARATION OF HAVANA


Havana, November 16(RHC)-- The heads of State and governments
of

Latin America, Spain and Portugal signed the Declaration of Havana -
- the

final document of the 9th Ibero-American Summit --concluding the
important

two-day meeting in the Cuban capital Tuesday evening.


The closing session of the 9th Ibero-American Summit was
addressed by

Cuban President Fidel Castro and the presidents of Ecuador, Mexico,

Surinam, Spain and Panama -- Jamil Mahuad, Ernesto Zedillo, Jules

Wijdenbosch, Jose Maria Asnar and Mireya Moscoso, respectively.


The speakers unanimously praised the organization of the Summit
and the

words cooperation, friendship, unity, democracy and hope were
repeated by

the leaders during the closing session.  Cuban President Fidel Castro

called the Havana gathering "productive and fruitful," contributing to
the

consolidation of friendly relations between all countries.  The leader of

the Cuban Revolution noted the positive changes that the Summits
have

brought about in the community of Ibero-American nations.


All heads of State, foreign ministers who came on behalf of absent

leaders and representives of international institutions related to

the main subject of the meeting had the opportunity to voice their

views in discussions that the Cuban president described as "frank and

profound."  Fidel Castro said that "all of us came out as friends at the

end of the working-sessions."


During the closing ceremony of the 9th Summit, the late Ecuadorian

painter Oswaldo Guayasamin was named "The Painter of Ibero-
America."


Among the points included in the Declaration of Havana -- signed

along with eight other special documents -- is the establishment of a

Secretariat of Ibero-American Cooperation, with offices in Madrid,
Spain.

The Ibero-American leaders agreed to adopt a global and regional
strategy

to confront the economic inequalities produced by globalization and

strongly rejected the application of unilateral and extraterritorial laws

or measures that violate international law.


Panamanian President Mireya Moscoso addressed the heads of
State and

governments, announcing that the next Ibero-American Summit, which
will be

held in her country, will focus on children and youth.


The 9th Ibero-American Summit... concluding this evening here in the
Cuban

capital.



CUBAN PRESIDENT FIDEL CASTRO TELLS IBERO-AMERICAN
COLLEGUES THAT HE

POLITELY LISTENS TO THEIR ADVICE TO ABANDON SOCIALISM
BUT WITH THE SMILE

OF MONA LISA AND THE BIBLICAL PATIENCE OF JOB


Havana, November 16(RHC)-- During the formal inauguration of the
9th

Ibero-American Summit in the Cuban capital Tuesday morning,
President

Fidel Castro told his Ibero-American colleagues that he politely listens

to their advice to abandon socialism, but "with the smile of Mona Lisa
and

the Biblical patience of Job."


In a 15-minute speech, the Cuban leader stated that Cuba was
granted the

site of the 9th gathering because no one believed that the island's

socio-economic system would exist today.


He said that during the first Summit in 1991 in Guadalajara, Mexico,
he

was a type of rare species, an intruder whose life was pardoned by

allowing his participation.  Fidel Castro said at that time, Cuba had
been

excluded from all gatherings in the Americas, that many looked at him
with

curiosity and even with pity, and that all doubted that his country could

resist the collapse of the socialist camp.


He said he was looked upon like the black sheep that represented a

rebellious and tenacious people who for 30 years had separated
themselves

from the herd to search for their own path, but who were condemned
to the

slaughter house in a matter of weeks, or at best, months.


The Cuban leader, nevertheless, praised that first gathering of Latin

Americans that hadn't been convened by Washington.  Cuban
President Fidel

Castro said that in 1991, no one mentioned the word globalization,

everyone was talking about the Japanese miracle and the Asian
Tigers, and

Russia was entering into the fabulous stage of the purest democracy
that

would allow that nation rapid and limitless economic growth thanks to
the

policies of the International Monetary Fund and the economic wisdom
of the

West.


The Cuban leader said capitalism had discovered the key to power
and

riches -- uninterrupted growth without recessions or crises.  He added,

with sarcasm, that it was the end of history.


It was during those days, said President Castro, that both foolish and

wise people advised Cuba to abandon socialism as the only
alternative for

possible salvation.  But, he said, Cuba decided to struggle, and
history

has taught us all a lesson.


SPANISH PRESIDENT PRAISES SUCCESS OF IBERO-
AMERICAN SUMMIT


Havana, November 16(RHC)--The President of Spain, Jose Maria
Aznar, has

praised the success of the Ibero-American Summit.  During a news

conference at Havana's PALCO Hotel, Aznar described the event as

successful from all points of view and praised the atmosphere of
consensus

that prevailed among delegations during the negotiations of the final

documents.  Spain, he added, has a profound political confidence in
the

gatherings and is committed to contribute to future summits.


The news conference subjects ranged from the Spanish King and
Aznar's

visit to Cuba, Spain's international cooperation and extraterritoriality

in relations among nations included in the Final Declaration.  Aznar
also

reiterated Madrid's rejection of the Helms-Burton Law and the U.S.

blockade against Cuba.


In terms of the meetings he's held with opponents of the Cuban
government

in Havana, he noted that everywhere he goes he tries to get different

perspectives on the realities of the places he visits, but declined to

comment why he only chose to talk with so-called dissidents, while

refusing to meet with other members of the island's civil society.


Aznar described Havana as a "marvelous city" and expressed his
hopes to

return to the Cuban capital in the future.


PRESIDENT OF THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC DELIVERS
LECTURE AT UNIVERSITY OF

HAVANA


Havana, November 16(RHC)-- Dominican President Leonel
Fernandez gave a

lecture on Monday in the University of Havana's Master Lecture Hall.
The

Dominican leader spoke about globalization and development,
saying that

human beings must be prioritized.


President Fernandez told the gathered dignitaries and students that
the

greatest challenge of the 21st century is to find creativity and

intelligence "in our own countries, with our own experiences -- which
will

permit us to prioritize humanity as our main concern."


Fernandez congratulated Cuba on its training of the island's young
people

for present and future challenges.


Earlier in the day, the President of the Dominican Republic placed a

floral wreath at the base of a statue of Cuban-Dominican
independence

leader Maximo Gomez.


DECLARATION APPROVED BY IBERO-AMERICAN
JOURNALISTS IS PRESENTED TO 9TH

IBERO-AMERICAN SUMMIT HEADS OF STATE AND
GOVERNMENT


Havana, November 16(RHC)-- A declaration approved by some 50

Ibero-American journalists was presented on Tuesday to the region's

leaders who are participating in the 9th Ibero-American Summit.


During the debates, Ibero-American journalists discussed their role in

facing the challenges of technological transformations and the growing

deterioration of the region's quality of life.


Delegates read a message sent by Nobel Peace Prize laureate,
Argentine

Adolfo Perez Esquivel, who stressed that it is the responsibility of

journalists to confront globalization.


HAVANA'S ARCHBISHOP MEETS WITH BRAZILIAN PRESIDENT


Havana, November 16(RHC)-- Havana's Archbishop, Cardinal Jaime
Ortega, met

on Monday in the Cuban capital with Brazilian President Fernando
Henrique

Cardoso.


The Cuban religious leader also met with Spanish King Juan Carlos in

Spain's embassy in Havana.


On Monday, Cardinal Jaime Ortega and the President of Cuba's
Bishops

Conference, Monsignor Adolfo Rodriguez, participated in the official

inauguration ceremony of the Latin American School of Medicine,
where some

two thousand Latin American young people are studying free-of-
charge.


Meanwhile, the Brazilian press reported on the statements made by

President Fernando Henrique Cardoso in Havana, condemning
Washington's

nearly 40-year blockade against Cuba.


PRESIDENT OF THE FEDERATION OF CUBAN WOMEN EXPRESSES SATISFACTION WITH

DISCUSSIONS ON CHILDREN AND WOMEN AT IBERO-AMERICAN SUMMITS


Havana, November 16(RHC)-- The President of the Federation of Cuban Women,

Vilma Espin, stated that she is satisfied that the issue of children and

women has been included on the agendas of the Ibero-American Summits.


The Cuban official recalled that at previous Ibero-American Summits, the

problems of children in a globalized world have been discussed, especially

in Latin America.


OPENING ARGUMENTS BEGIN IN U.S. FEDERAL COURT AGAINST SEVEN

CUBAN-AMERICANS ACCUSED OF PLOTTING TO ASSASSINATE CUBAN PRESIDENT FIDEL

CASTRO


Havana, November 16(RHC)-- Opening arguments got underway Monday in a U.S.

federal [court] in Puerto Rico against seven Cuban-Americans accused of

plotting to assassinate Cuban President Fidel Castro two years ago.  Last

Friday, Puerto Rican attorneys selected a 12-member jury.


The defense had requested last week that one of the seven, Angel Manuel

Alfonso, be tried separately because of his declaration to federal

authorities admitting he intended to kill the Cuban leader.  But U.S.

District Judge Hector Laffitte denied the motion on Friday.


On October 27, 1997, four of the defendants were taken into custody aboard

a cabin cruiser off Puerto Rico's West Coast en route to Venezuela's

Margarita Island, where Fidel Castro was to attend the 7th Ibero-American

Summit.


In the cabin cruiser, the U.S. Coast Guard found a cache of high-powered

sniper rifles, night-vision goggles and other military equipment.


A subsequent indictment named three others in the plot, including Jose

Antonio Llama, 67, the owner of the boat and an executive board member of

Miami's ultra-right wing Cuban-American National Foundation.  The defense

attorneys of six of the seven claimed Monday that they were heading to

Margarita Island to rescue any eventual deserters among the Cuban

delegation participating in the Summit and that the weapons were necessary

to protect themselves.


But Judge Hector Lafitte ordered the jury to disregard any statements of a

political nature.  He told members of the jury that they are not being

asked whether or not they like Fidel Castro, and should only consider the

facts.


A seventh defendant, Francisco Secundino Cordova -- also with close
ties

to the Cuban-American National Foundation -- is not present at court

proceedings apparently due to failing health.  Secundino and his son
were

arrested earlier this year and charged with drug-trafficking.


The defendants and ultra-right wing sectors in Miami that are irritated

with the trial proceedings have denounced the U.S. government for
trying

the seven middle-aged or elderly men for plotting to kill Fidel Castro

when Washington has repeatedly tried to do the same thing.  Judge Laffitte

said the trial could last several months.



           [c] 1999, Radio Habana Cuba

               All rights reserved

********************************************************<color><param>0100,0100,0100</param>

<nofill>
||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||
||||     ***Cuba Information Access ***
||||  The current events in La Republica de Cuba...
||||  Where else are you going to get it ?
||||    companyero at mindspring.com
||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||


</x-rich>








More information about the Marxism mailing list