Fwd: Balkanizing Russia
mstainsby at SPAMhotmail.com
Thu Nov 18 18:48:15 MST 1999
>From: rrozoff at webtv.net (Rick Rozoff)
>Reply-To: "STOP NATO: ¡NO PASARAN!" <STOPNATO at listbot.com>
>To: Activist_List at listbot.com
>CC: stopnato at listbot.com
>Subject: Balkanizing Russia
>Date: Thu, 18 Nov 1999 08:54:38 -0600 (CST)
>STOP NATO: ¡NO PASARAN! - HTTP://WWW.STOPNATO.HOME-PAGE.ORG
>The Guardian (Australia)
>Author: Jef Bossuyt
>Publisher/Date: The Guardian, No. 980, November 17, 1999
>Title: Balkanising Russia
>On October 7, Chechen President Maskhadov sent a letter to the NATO
>Secretary-General, George Robertson, calling on NATO "to intervene in
>accordance with the new world order established by NATO" (ORT TV-News,
>7/10/99 and "Newsline", 8/10/99).
>In 1722 Czar Peter the Great incorporated Daghestan [and other nearby
>ethnic regions] into the Russian empire. Ever since Chechnya has been
>used as a crowbar to force a way into Russia from the south and to
>invade the country.
>Following the Russian Revolution of 1917 and during the wars of
>intervention that followed, English and French warships disembarked
>troops in the Caucasian harbours of Sukhumi and Novorossisk. They were
>repelled and the Red Army was acclaimed as victors in Chechnya in 1920
>(Le Monde Diplomatique, January 1995).
>In 1942 the German Nazis occupied part of Chechnya. Many Chechens
>collaborated and joined German volunteer units, fighting the Red Army
>(Etudes Marxistes/Marxistische Studies, September 1996, p 125).
>In 1989 the American press demanded that the Soviet Union be dissolved
>and opened up to the free market and Western multinationals. The first
>republics to secede were Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania and they
>received support from a General of Chechen origin, Diokhar Dudaev.
>In August 1991, Dudaev supported Yeltsin's coup d'etat which brought an
>end to the Soviet Union. In December 1991 he proclaimed the independence
>of Chechnya and declared himself its President.
>Ever since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Western powers have
>set out to break up the Russian state in order to secure their control
>The US strategist, Zbigniew Brzezinski, phrased it this way: "A more
>open Russian confederation, consisting of a European Russia, a Siberian
>republic, and a republic in the Far East, would speed up its
>development." (Zbigniew Bzezinski, The big chess-board, 1997, in Etudes
>Marxistes/Marxistische Studies, January 1999, p 124).
>Chechnya no longer recognised the authority of Moscow and appropriated
>the petroleum transported through its territory. In December 1994 the
>first Chechen war left 70,000 victims.
>In April 1996 a Russian missile hit Diokhar Dudaev, while he was placing
>a satellite phone call. Elected as the new President in 1997, Aslan
>Maskadov signed an armistice with the Russian General Lebed.
>In 1998 a group of Chechen war lords led by Shamil Basaev demanded that
>President Maskhadov resign, because of his conciliatory position towards
>In August 1999 the war lords, Basaev and Khatab, invaded the
>neighbouring Russian republic of Daghestan. They murdered police
>officers and hoisted the green flag of the "Islamic republic".
>In the Russian cities of Moscow, Buynaksk and Volgodonsk bomb outrages
>killed 292 civilians in September. Russia imputed the bomb attacks to
>the Chechens and replied with mass retaliatory bombardments on Chechen
>villages as well as on the capital of Grozny.
>A Holy War for oil
>The two thousand soldiers of Shamil Basaev who invaded Daghestan were
>remarkably professionally trained, supplied, and armed. They had at
>their disposal Stinger-2 rockets, reserved by NATO for its most loyal
>member states. It recalls the period when the CIA overtly supplied
>Stingers to the Afghan resistance opposing the Soviet troops.
>The money appears to have come from the pro-Western regimes of the Arab
>oil countries. General Khatab originates from Jordan, where he organised
>King Hussain's Chechen body-guard.
>The invasion has allegedly been sponsored with US$20 million from
>Jordan. According to the Italian newspaper La Republica one of the
>financiers of Shamil Basaev's troops is the Saudi oil billionaire, Bin
>"His favourite residence is Afghanistan. However, his contacts with the
>Chechen war lords date from 1997. In February the World Front of the
>Jihad was raised in Pakistan with the help of Bin Laden. It supports the
>armed rebellions in Tadjikistan, Uzbekistan, Daghestan, and
>Chechnia."(La Republica 10/9/99)
>In Afghanistan Bin Laden had fulfilled the role of ally for the United
>States against the Russians. Meanwhile however he became a nuisance and
>was chased ... to Chechnya.
>"His position", La Republica writes, "has become more and more difficult
>in Afghanistan. The US has decided to use every means, including
>diplomatic, to exert pressure on Pakistan and force the Taliban to
>"The Afghan soil became too hot for him and he would have chosen
>Chechnya as a safer haven. The Russians have no say in the matter and
>the US won't bombard him as it is Russian territory."
>The Chechen war lords declared as their objective "to establish a Muslim
>state and to chase the Russians from the Caucasus".
>This objective perfectly fits the scheme of the American and European
>oil multinationals. They want to control the petroleum fields and oil
>pipe- lines in the Caucasus and eliminate the pipe-lines on Russian
>All oil would then have to be transported through Georgia or Turkey, two
>states controlled by the US.
>The import of petroleum to Russia does not necessarily have to run
>through Chechnya. For a long time Russia has been planning an
>alternative pipe-line through Daghestan to the east.
>Since Basaev invaded Daghestan last August, not a single petroleum
>company intends to invest a cent there.]
>Chechnya could also be bypassed to the west by means of a pipe-line
>through Karachay-Cherkess. Is it a coincidence that there also a
>separatist movement blazed up?
>According to the historian Rachid Khatuev, the first aim of the
>secession is control over the Baku-Novorossisk oil pipe-line.
>During the elections in Cherkess even the Prince of Jordan came, Ali Ben
>Hussain, the brother of King Hassan. He called for a vote for the
>The oil state of Azerbaijan has tried to reconquer Nagorno-Karabakh,
>officially belonging to Azerbaijan but being occupied by militias of the
>Armenian population. Russia supplies arms to Armenia.
>On June 17 the Azerbaijani Minister of Defence Safar Abijev asked that
>"NATO be involved in solving the conflict".
>Earlier an Azerbaijani spokesmen proposed to NATO that it set up a
>military base there and Azerbaijan has suggested that its soldiers
>participate in manoeuvres in Canada within the framework of NATO's
>"Partnership for Peace".
>From 1979 to 1989 a guerilla war was waged against the Soviet troops
>occupying Afghanistan. The insurgents were armed by the United States
>with Stinger rockets and financed by the Saudi wealth of Ben Laden
>The US and Saudi-Arabia supported the Taliban operating from Pakistan
>(Le Monde 8/10/96). In October 1996 the Taliban captured the capital
>Kabul and Ben Laden became a national hero. The Taliban then advanced on
>the north and now threaten the neighbouring country of Uzbekistan.
>In 1992 the Islamic Party of the Resurrection seized power. They were
>supported from Iran, where the same language is spoken.
>Furthermore, there were ties with the secessionist movements in the
>Baltic states and support was received from "democrats" such as Yeltsin.
>However, Kolkhoz farmers rose in armed revolt and brought President
>Rakhmonov to power. The Islamic opposition fled to Afghanistan. Later on
>they returned, "now sponsored by Pakistan, in neat American uniforms,
>with Stingers and night watchers, Motorola radio stations and jeeps"
>(Alexander Sivov, eye-witness account in "Patriot").
>A bloody civil war followed, causing 200,000 victims and 500,000
>refugees. In June 1997 Rakhmonov conceded one third of the ministerial
>offices to the Muslim opposition.
>The country has since become a focus of unrest for its neighbours. The
>Russian border units appear to be incapable of stopping infiltrations.
>The Group of Shanghai
>In response to the offensive to surround and break up Russia from the
>south, new alliances are being drawn. The "Three" (China, Russia, and
>India) are lining up against the "Seven" (the G-7). China realises that
>if the West succeeds in carving up Russia, China becomes the next
>Among the Uigur population of China agitation is rising in favour of an
>"own, independent, and Islamic" state of Turkestan in Central Asia.
>India, traditionally an ally of Russia, fights a conflict with Pakistan
>The "Three" and their allies
>On August 25 the fifth summit of the "Group of Shanghai" took place in
>Kirghizia, comprising the Presidents of China, Russia, Kazakhstan,
>Kirghizia, and Tadjikistan. They discussed the question of terrorism in
>their respective countries.
>They objected to "the pretext of human rights to intervene in the
>internal affairs of other countries" and pleaded the cause of a
>This clearly means: against a world dominated by NATO. The alliance was
>sealed by the sale of Russian C-30 jet-fighters to China.
>The "Seven", comprising the NATO countries, are seeking support points
>for their offensive in the region. Turkey counts Georgia and Azerbaijan
>among its sphere of influence while Afghanistan and Pakistan are a base
>for the Muslim war lords, who are to "chase the Russians from the
>Caucasus". And obviously, Chechnya.
>In a declaration the Russian Communist Workers' Party said that Chechen
>terrorism is being caused by Yeltsinism.
>"A series of terrorist outrages started with the explosion in the
>commercial centre of Moscow. It continued with explosions in the Russian
>cities of Buynaksk, Moscow, and Volgodonsk. It merely announces the
>escalation of what has been developing in Russia and the former Soviet
>republics for a long time.
>"A new feature is the fact that civil wars and bloody violence used to
>take place at the borders of Russia only, but now spill over to the
>"The real reason for these events is the destruction of the socialist
>society. Before, power and law were directed towards the equality of
>people on a social and national level. However, at present, a society is
>being built on the basis of overt inequality and property.
>"This has invoked the meanest tendencies among people, a cruel power
>struggle, the separatism of national elites and, centrally, the
>principle of `divide and conquer´.
>"In all conflicts opposing civilians and nationalities in the former
>Soviet Union the currently ruling regimes of the Commonwealth of
>Independent States are guilty. Mainly culpable is the clique of Yeltsin
>and his Western sponsors.
>"It has been known for a long time that the best friends of the Russian
>"democrats", the United States of America, makes plans to dismantle,
>after the Soviet Union, Russia as well.
>"In this they attach an important role to the region of the Caucasus as
>well as to the Islamic factor. The US attempts to divert the Muslim
>terrorists from American imperialism and direct them against Russia.
>"The motives of the Kremlin and the Chechen rulers are identical. They
>hunger for power and profits and are afraid to take responsibility for
>their actions. The shelling of the parliament building by Yeltsin in
>October 1993 was a no less shameful and grievous crime than blowing up
>In order to answer the question, "Who benefits from this?", one has to
>start from the following remarkable results.
>Firstly, attention is diverted from the social problems and the
>regression the Russian people now suffer. These have caused millions of
>victims already and will cause many more. Attention is diverted from the
>scandals and financial affairs in which high-ranking officials are
>Secondly, tension and fear are created in society. This tension serves
>to consolidate society around the current regime, which pretends to
>Thirdly, the repellant image of the "terrorist-extremists" is impressed
>into social conscience. The horror of such figures is easily transmitted
>by the media to political opponents who assume a radical position, in
>particular, the communists.
>Fourthly, it creates the conditions for martial law by which to suppress
>The origin of these bloody tragedies is the ruling regime and its policy
>of restoring capitalism in Russia. To stop the tragedy the power of the
>anti- popular forces has to be broken at all levels, from Yeltsin to
>Maskhadov. The workers have to re-establish the real power of the people
>in the shape of Soviets (Trudovaya Rossia 23/9/99).
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