CPI (m) Statement
mstainsby at SPAMhotmail.com
Fri Oct 15 15:13:04 MDT 1999
October 12, 1999
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) met on
October 10 and 11, 1999. It has adopted the following statement:
The elections to the 13th Lok Sabha have resulted in a majority for the
BJP-alliance enabling it to form a government. The CPI(M) and the Left,
democratic and secular forces had sought to defeat the BJP-led alliance.
Contrary to this, the BJP-led alliance could win around 300 seats. It is
noteworthy that the BJP has not been able to increase its own tally beyond
182 seats which is what it got in the 1998 elections. The overall increase
of seats in the alliance is due to the non-BJP partners who have got around
Reasons For BJP Win
The Central Committee analysed the basis for these results. Among the major
reasons which helped the BJP and its allies were the failure to form an
alternative government when the Vajpayee government collapsed in April 1999.
The BJP was able to cash in on this failure by projecting that it is the
only party/alliance, which can provide a viable government at the Centre.
Secondly, a major and unanticipated event, the Kargil conflict, took place.
For two months the attention of the entire country was focussed on the fight
to evict the Pakistani intruders. The entire 13-month record of the Vajpayee
government viz. its communal character, the harmful economic policies and
attacks on democracy got sidetracked. The whole country rallied to support
the armed forces. The impact of the Kargil issue was not uniform in the
country but it certainly gave the BJP an edge in certain sections of the
people by exploiting the successful eviction of the Kargil intruders to
enhance the image of the Prime Minister. In such a situation, an effective
exposure of the Vajpayee government's 13-month record and subsequent
four-month caretaker period could not be mounted among the people.
Thirdly, the BJP alliance forged in 1998 was widened with the inclusion of
major regional parties like the TDP in Andhra Pradesh and the DMK in
Tamilnadu. The split in the Janata Dal and the addition of a faction to the
BJP alliance in Bihar helped the BJP to gain additional support. The
wide-ranging alliance forged by the BJP with major regional parties blunted
to some extent the exposure of its communal character and its anti-secular
A major weaknesses in the national political situation for the Left and
democratic forces was the absence of a viable third force at the national
level during the election. The falling apart of the old United Front and the
differences which arose on the question of being equidistant to the BJP and
the Congress, precluded any possibility of a national alliance before the
election. This handicapped the Party and the Left in various ways.
The Congress Party, which is the major opposition party, failed to put up an
effective fight at the national level and in many states. The Congress in
its manifesto advocated the same economic policies of liberalisation since
1991. The only projection the Congress made was that it would provide a
stable government on its own through single party rule. Such a claim had no
basis in reality and was not taken seriously by the people. For large
sections of the people the Congress remains identified with its past
discredited record. In the absence of any policy issues or any meaningful
socio-economic platform to appeal to the people, the Congress found itself
placed in a situation where the campaign became one, as posed by the BJP, of
Atal Behari Vajpayee v/s Sonia Gandhi. With its weakened organisational and
ideological state, the Congress was not in a position to counter the
powerful combine of the BJP. As a result, the Congress suffered its worst
result since 1952.
The BJP had the support of big business and its resources for the campaign.
Imperialism took keen interest in the election. The big business owned media
and the Prasar Bharati were mobilised to support the BJP in a big way.
Opinion polls and exit polls were conducted to influence public opinion by
projecting a big BJP victory. The four months of caretaker rule was fully
utilised by the BJP to misuse the powers of government. Yet, despite all
these tactics and the big money at its command, the notable fact is that the
BJP could not increase its own number of seats from the 1998 figure.
In this connection, it is significant that the BJP has suffered a decisive
defeat in Uttar Pradesh, where it got only 29 seats compared to the 57 it
held. UP is a state which is a stronghold of the BJP and which has been
contributing the largest number of MPs for the BJP in the previous three
parliament elections. On the other hand, the SP got 26 seats and the BSP 14
The Central Committee made a preliminary analysis of the performance of the
CPI(M) and the Left forces. It noted that the Party had retained the same
number of seats as in 1998, which is 32. The polling percentage of the Party
has also slightly improved. The Party has retained both seats in Tripura
with higher margins. In Kerala, the CPI(M) has gone up from 6 to 8 and the
LDF has maintained its strength of 9 seats as against 11 of the UDF. A new
seat, has been won in Tamilnadu, which is an important political centre. In
West Bengal, the CPI(M) has won 21 seats which is a reduction of 3 from the
last election. The Left Front has won 29 seats, which is a loss of 4 seats
from its earlier tally.
The overall strength of the Left parties is now 42, which is a reduction of
6. Unfortunately, the CPI lost 5 seats from its previous tally. However, it
is significant that in the three states of West Bengal, Kerala and Tripura,
the Left has been able to withstand by and large the BJP offensive, while at
the same time fighting the Congress. The Central Committee decided to
undertake a more full-fledged review of the election results and the Left's
performance after the state committees conduct their election reviews. It
will be necessary to examine what are the weaknesses and trends, which
affected the Left's performance.
Prospects Under BJP-led government
The BJP-led government assuming office is based on a heterogeneous alliance.
Unlike the BJP, its major supporters the TDP and its ally the DMK do not
share the Hindutva ideology, even though they collaborated with the BJP.
They have their own regional identities and aspirations. The disparate and
conflicting aims of the alliance partners will bring to the fore
Despite what is professed by the National Democratic Alliance and stated by
the Prime Minister, the RSS and its organisations are determined to push
forward the Hindutva agenda. They will make covert and systematic efforts to
advance their aims.
The economic situation is worsening and already the Prime Minister has
called for hard decisions to be taken. It is evident that the BJP with its
newfound love for foreign capital and pushing ahead with liberalisation will
launch a new round of attacks on the people's livelihood. The savage hike in
the diesel prices is just the beginning. This price increase is now fuelling
inflation by increased transport and fare rates. There is also a proposal to
hike prices in the PDS.
In such a situation, the Central Committee decided that it will resolutely
oppose any attempt to push through the Hindutva agenda and the penetration
of the State apparatus by the communal forces. The Party is committed to
defend democratic rights and oppose any anti-democratic moves contemplated
by the new government. The Central Committee has called upon the Party to
oppose any fresh onslaughts on the people through harmful economic policies
and ceaselessly fight against price rise, unemployment and other mass
issues. The Party will support the mass organisations that take up such
issues and strive for united struggles to defend the rights of the people.
The Central Committee reiterated the need to reforge the unity of the Left,
democratic and secular forces so as to present an effective third
alternative. The election results have debunked he talk of the emergence of
a two-party system. The secular non-Congress parties which fought the BJP
have a substantial number of seats in parliament. Developing united
struggles and movements will facilitate a regrouping of these forces.
The Central Committee decided to meet in the 3rd week of November after the
state committees conduct their reviews, to make a full-fledged review of the
elections. This will be utilised to examine the weaknesses in the Party's
ideological-political-organisational work and to set out concrete steps for
strengthening the Party's activities and influence among the people.
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