Fwd: Re: Not Replying to Paul

Macdonald Stainsby mstainsby at SPAMhotmail.com
Thu Sep 30 14:16:31 MDT 1999





>From Marta, off list:
> > >It seems to be my role in the disability movement to keep bringing
>these
> > >matters back around to economic justice.  This fall a paper I wrote
>will be
> > >published in the Univeristy of California at Berkeley Employment and
>Labor
> > >Law
> > >Journal.
> > >
> > >You may be interested in reading it.  Here is the abstract:
> > >
> > >UNIVERSITY OF  CALIFORNIA BERKELEY
> > >JOURNAL OF EMPLOYMENT AND LABOR LAW (Fall 1999)
> > >Working Paper
> > >Backlash, the Political Economy, and Structural Exclusion
> > >copyright by Marta Russell December 28, 1998
> > >
> > >
> > >Abstract
> > >The civil rights movement in the 1960’s, accompanied by growing
>pressure to
> > >achieve economic equality for minorities and women, generated a
>backlash
> > >from
> > >whites and men respectively who feared a loss of their jobs in a period
>of
> > >relative economic security. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
> > >(ADA)
> > >was passed in an era when income inequality and job insecurity were on
>the
> > >rise, creating a more competitive work environment. Thirty years after
>the
> > >passage of modern anti-discrimination laws, wage and employment
> > >discrimination,
> > >though somewhat diminished, continue to persist for women and
>minorities.
> > >In
> > >addition to discrimination based on prejudicial attitudes, persons with
> > >disabilities (pwds) experience additional labor market discrimination
>due
> > >to
> > >capitalist business accounting practices which weigh standard
>(nondisabled)
> > >costs of labor against profits to be made. Manifestations of the
>backlash
> > >come
> > >both from workers fearing the loss of their jobs to an influx of a new
> > >workforce and from business interests which resist the added labor
>costs of
> > >hiring “nonstandard” workers. Democratic rights are based on equal
>rights;
> > >equal in law and applicable to all within a given system. In the “new
> > >economy”
> > >neither civil rights nor the market will equalize pay and employment
> > >differentials for workers. The political economy (or the relationship
> > >between
> > >politics, policy, production, and the distribution of wealth) causes
> > >inequality, compulsory unemployment and underemployment. all endemic to
> > >American capitalism as we know it.  Resulting factors such as job
> > >insecurity,
> > >worker displacement, dislocation, poverty, and hunger subsequently
>increase
> > >the
> > >exploitation of employees, in turn creating a political climate of
>divide
> > >and
> > >rule in the workplace. This growing imbalance of power of capital over
> > >labor
> > >breeds an exaggerated attitude of competition where workers, in
>constant
> > >fear
> > >of losing their jobs and health care, tend to view more deprived groups
>of
> > >workers (whether women, minorities or pwds) as a threat to their
>economic
> > >well-being. To counter the business backlash it will be necessary for
> > >government to end economic discrimination against pwds by subsidizing
>the
> > >cost
> > >of hiring workers with disabilities (e.g. providing reasonable
> > >accommodations).
> > >To erode the backlash from co-workers, government must make employment
>at a
> > >living wage and quality health care for all workers a fundamental human
> > >right
> > >and the cornerstone of its economic policy.
> > >
> > >
> > >In solidarity,
> > >Marta
> > >

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