Forwarded from Nestor

Louis Proyect lnp3 at SPAMpanix.com
Thu Aug 10 10:28:01 MDT 2000


Lou,

See what has reached me, please!

One of the most intelligent ways to struggle against the murderers and
torturers of the oligarchic regime in Argentina is what we know as the
"escrache".  This word comes from our Buenos Aires slang, a verb
("escrachar",
which means "to publicly expose, to put in evidence").  This tactics consists
in denouncing publicly, whether at their workplaces or at their homes,
conspicuous Argentinian political criminals and, most important, their
sponsors.

The foremost practitioners of the "escrache" are the HIJOS group.  This
organization has been formed by children of disappeared, and their politics
is
far ahead from that of the Mothers and even the Grandmothers of Plaza de
Mayo.
They do not seek personal redress only, not even essentially. They act
politically. They do not concentrate on the executive arms of repression and
crime, the military, but permanently expose individual members of the
oligarchy who were the actual winners and the ones who fueled the whole
tragedy. In so doing, by the way, they are showing that they´re consequent
inheritors of the tradition of their parents. In a country so ravaged by
stupidity, they inject a strong wind of combativity, political clarity and
imagination that one cannot but admire.

The most recent "escrache" has been made on a conspicuous oligarch, Ms. Nelly
Arrieta de Blaquier, who either personally or through family connections is
responsible for the disappearance and sequestration of around 400 popular
militants in the province of Jujuy during the 1976-1982 regime. The
Blaquiers,
by the way, count among the largest landowners in Argentina (one of their
estancias, is located at Entre Ríos province, on excellent soils, and
measures
27,000 hectares; an acre= .44 hectares). They also own a sugar cane central,
in Jujuy, commercial companies, etc. etc...

Workers in the sugar cane trade are particularly exploited in Argentina, and
the central of the Blaquiers, the Ingenio Ledesma, has been historically one
of the most tremendous workplaces, one of the companies that has for many
decades resorted to murder of rebel workers as a matter of everyday life
(there is even a popular myth on this: up to very recently, sugar cane
workers
believed that the families of sugar cane planters owned a very peculiar pet,
the "familiar" -the "family pet"- which was a monstrous beast that killed
rebel workers in the dark of the high night).

This delicate lady, on the other hand, belongs to the closed circle of José
Alfredo Martínez de Hoz, the oligarch-by-definition who led the destruction
of
Argentina from 1976 onwards. She has, or believes to have, a gift for the
arts, and likes to be exposed as a "connoiseur".  During the Menem years, and
as an important part of the oligarchic takeover, the actual management of the
National Museum of Fine Arts was returned to a Commission of Friends of the
Arts, presided by this Ms. Blaquier. The same social class which did not find
it problematic to hire some high class robbers to steal from the Museum the
extraordinary Santamarina impresionist art collection (there are links
between
the Blaquiers and the Santamarinas, by the way) considers itself, through
people such as Ms. Blaquier, authorised to rule on art and culture just as
they did during the Infamous Decade of the 30s.

At the same time, Menem -characteristically enough- named a very progressive
and intelligent director of the Museum, Miguel Glusberg, one of the avant
garde art critics of the 60s, and a man who kept a space alive for
experimentation during the last dictatorship, at his Centro de Arte y
Comunicación (CAYC).  I happen to be in acquaintance with his son Martín, who
is living in Chicago with his wife and children, and this is not JUST gossip:
Martín and his wife had to flee away from Argentina due to their political
positions in the 70s, when they were hardly finishing their high school, BTW.
His father never recanted from his progressive points of view, and is in the
best terms with the son.

When Glusberg became its Director, there was almost no funding for the Museum
but that provided by the Asociación de Amigos presided by Nelly Arrieta de
Blaquier. Without this support, and officially starved to death, the Museum
looked like doomed. Glusberg managed to strike agreements with some private
enterprises, and now he has opened it up to general public (you pay no
entrance fees at all), he gave new breath to a large host of activities, and
of course clashed with the Asociación de Amigos presided by Ms. Blaquier, who
considered the Museum their own.

When De la Rúa came to power, he confirmed Glusberg (a reasonable idea, such
as that of the current major of Buenos Aires Ibarra -of the Alianza, of
course- to put a mild peronist who was Ambassador of Menem to Cuba, Jorge
Telerman, at the Secretary of Culture) in his post.

Glusberg came out victorious of his clashes, up to this day at least. But
watch what has happened now, and how does the Argentinian oligarchy keep a
vigilant eye on anything that touches on their interests.  The HIJOS group
made an "escrache" at the doors of the Museum against Ms. Blaquier. Glusberg
seems to have given them his solidarity. And, immediately, the machine of
slander and lies began to move. I am forwarding an op-ed by _La Nación_,
where
the great oligarchic newspaper stands up in defence of Ms. Blaquier,
indicating that the practices by HIJOS are identical to those of the Nazis
who
signaled houses or shops of Jewish families during the 30s!  Keep in mind, by
the way, that Glusberg himself is a Jew, and not of the conservative stock.
You would make very good friends, indeed, though he is far from a Marxist.

Serious as it is, all the above is a side comment on a more serious thing.
This op-ed by _La Nación_ is reserved to members of the oligarchy, never to
the military. The general politics of the Argentinian oligarchy is thus
exposed in its deep sense: to blame the military, and to use them as
scapegoats. But oligarchs, true oligarchs, they must not be touched! They
have
the right of life and death on the Argentinians!

Please fwd to both lists, Lou. I also suggest that e-mails be sent,
protesting
against the op-ed, to _La Nación_.

The attached includes (A) the original message that was sent to me, (B) an
answer that someone sent to the newspaper, and (C) the op-ed "´Escrache´ en
el
museo" published by _La Nación_ on Sunday 30th, July, 2000.

>===== Original Message From cpugl <cpugl at indec.mecon.gov.ar> =====
(A) Les envio una pieza digna del discurso pedagógico o del adoctrinamiento
bajo
la forma del análisis micro-plutarquiano, plasmada en el editorial de la
nación del 20 de julio de 2000.

La antecede una respuesta a ese editorial por cuya existencia me enteré de la
editorial, que va debajo de la respuesta.



>===== Original Message From Kuki Braile <kbraile at net12.com.ar> =====
----- Original Message -----
From: <arnaldo at xnet.com.br>
To: <olredaccion at lanacion.com.ar>; <redaccion at lanacion.com.ar>
Sent: Friday, August 04, 2000 7:28 PM
Subject: NO AL CINISMO


(B) Señores de La Nacion,

Su editorial comparando Hijos con las organizaciones de jovenes nazistas
merece el repudio y el desprecio de todo ser humano que piense. Publicar una
pieza de esa estofa es obsceno e indecoroso.

Solo en una mente nazi, retorcida y cinica caben las ecuaciones que ese
texto pretende imponer.

Cómo los Hijos, víctimas e hijos de victimas (ambas generaciones
injusticiadas -desprotegidas de la Justicia) pueden ser equiparados con las
hordas nazis de la alemania de los años 30, victimarios y practicantes de una
de las mayores injusticias de la historia humana ?

Csmo los asesinos y torturadores y sus colaboradores de la Argentina de los
años 70, victimarios y ejecutores del mayor crimen de la historia argentina
pueden ser equiparados a los judios de Europa, vmctimas de aquella otra
monstruosidad ?

Los nazis crearon para los judios alemanes la necesidad de mantenerse
anonimos, intentando evitar ser victimas de la injusticia.

Los asesinos a sueldo argentinos desean el anonimato a causa de los delitos
que ellos mismos cometieron, porque pretenden huir de la Justicia. Quienes los
ayudan y apoyan son sus complices.

Qui facil es para ese "periodista" identificarse con los "perseguidos"
cuando son delincuentes y asesinos!  Sera que se sabe merecedor de un
"escrache" de aquellos?

O nos van a contar que el periodista es solo un honesto y pacmfico defensor
de la privacidad de las personas ('en general')?

Por favor, paren de ofender la inteligencia de los argentinos!

Arnaldo Silbering

data:       02/08/00 09:03

Texto del Editorial de La Nación aparecido el día Domingo 30 de julio del
2000.
Invito a todos a enviar cartas a La Nación en repudio de este comentario.
olredaccion at lanacion.com.ar
Rubén Szuchmacher

Editorial II
"Escrache" en el museo

La practica del "escrache", ejercitada con frecuencia en
nuestro país por los miembros de la agrupacisn Hijos, tiene un curioso
parecido con la que utilizaban los activistas del nazismo en la Alemania de
los años 30 cuando marcaban con una cruz las casas en las que vivman los
judíos.

En efecto: los esbirros de Hitler recorrman los barrios en
los que sospechaban que podía habitar un miembro de la etnia
aborrecida y cuando lograban identificar su domicilio particular o comercial
le
dejaban una marca en la puerta.

La intencisn era doble: por un lado, notificaban a todo el
vecindario que allí vivía un judío, con lo cual lograban que a éste se le
hiciese difícil, de ahí en mas, la vida en su barrio; por el otro, le
dejaban al interesado en su propia puerta un smmbolo amenazante, un anticipo
de
lo que tarde o temprano iba a pasarle.

Los integrantes de la organizacisn Hijos se dedican a identificar el
paradero de las personas supuestamente responsables de
haber colaborado con los grupos de tareas que practicaron el terrorismo a
domicilio durante el último gobierno militar y les organizan una suerte de
clarinada frente a su casa, a la vez que dejan marcas o seqales en el lugar a
fin de que el vecindario se entere de que en ese edificio reside un
personaje aborrecible.

El jueves zltimo hubo un "escrache" en un lugar poco habitual: la sede del
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes. La destinataria de la demostracisn de
repudio fue la presidenta de la asociacisn Amigos de esa institucisn, Nelly
Arrieta de Blaquier, seqalada como supuesta responsable de haber provocado
en 1976 el secuestro y la desaparicisn de 400 obreros y militantes
barriales en la provincia de Jujuy.

Que la agrupación Hijos utilice metodologías de antigua prosapia nazi suena
a ironí -o sarcasmo- de la historia, dada la filiación ideolóica del
grupo. Aunque, si se lo mira bien, el asunto no debe sorprender: los
violentos de todos los pelajes se parecen inquietantemente unos a otros.

En el caso de la señora de Blaquier, el episodio tuvo una derivación
inesperada: puso al desnudo el desembozado oportunismo del director del
museo, Jorge Glusberg, quien aprovechs la "volada" para exigir la renuncia
de la titular de la asociacisn Amigos, con quien mantiene un largo y
enojoso pleito burocratico-polmtico.

Por lo demas, la principal vmctima del "escrache" resultó la escultura
"Clamor a la fraternidad" de Luis Arata, sobre cuya dura piel se practicó
desaprensivamente toda clase de leyendas y pintadas, sin que se tenga
noticia de que el director del museo -responsable obvio del patrimonio de
la institucisn- haya manifestado su disgusto. Al contrario, lo que se sabe
es que Glusberg confraternizó amablemente con los revoltosos y hasta
colaboró con ellos para indicarles el domicilio exacto en el que debían
efectuar su simbólico gesto de repudio.

Copyright c 2000 La Nacisn | Todos los derechos reservados

carmelo j. pugliarello
Buenos Aires - 2000

Lic. Néstor M. Gorojovsky
Dirección de Estadísticas del Sector Primario
Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos
Argentina

Tel.: (0541) 349-9728


Louis Proyect
Marxism mailing list: http://www.marxmail.org/





More information about the Marxism mailing list