Jihad and Revolution in Chechnya

sevag sev at SPAMcyberia.net.lb
Fri Aug 11 01:49:54 MDT 2000

    When discussing Islamism and specially militant revolutions, one should
not forget the social dimension, or what Hrair Dekmejian would classsify in
a general topic called the crisis milieux. The history of Islam has seen
such revolutions or struggles, but what has been taking place in Chechnya
has a special factor.
    First of all, the history of Islamism in Chechnya is no history at all.
The anti-tsarist or anti-russian movements were mainly carried out by 3
muslim leaders in Chechnya and Daghestan. These are Sheikh Mansour, Ghazi
Mollah and Imam Shamil. All 3 were Sufis. Actually the Chechens have known
nothing but Sufism as a way of life. Sufism is totally depoliticized, and
Sufis are spiritual and anti-militants. However, the national struggles
against the oppressor made the Sufis break their codes of morality. Keeping
this in mind it will be clear that the Sufis hate Islamism, and this is the
case in every corner of the world. Actually the Sufis in Chechnya which were
from 2 main orders: the Naqshbandiyya and the Qadiriyya hated Islamist
fighters and intruders alot. History tell us so.
    With the collapse of the USSR and its institutions, everything changed
but Sufism. Sufism is not an institutional Islam. Hence u don't need mosques
etc... All those non-Sufis were prosecuted during the KGB years, and even if
they survived the KGB they wouldn't have in their everyday life. In 1994 the
Russian government claimed that there were Wahhabis in Daghestan and
Chechnya.... where did they come from???? specially in Chechnya.
    The revolution in Chechnya is imported...it is not the fight of the
Chechen people...but it is those whom i like to call "ideological
mercenaries" of Afghan Mujahideen who were from different origins...for
example Amir Khattab is one of the leaders of the Chechen revolution and he
is an arab of either Saudi or Jordanain origin (most probably from the
desert b/w these 2 countries). True that there are Chechen leaders, but
these are very few and most of them fought against the Taliban and the Arab
Mujahideen when they were soldiers or commanders in the Red Army!
    What's happening in Chechnya is not a revolution at all...it is the last
home of those leftovers of Islamist homeless fighters and it seems the
Russian government is too corrupt itself to deal with them.

More information about the Marxism mailing list