Kurdish Student killed in extrajudicial execution

Xxxx Xxxxx Xxxxxx xxxxxxxx at xxxxxxxxxxx.xxx
Sat Aug 19 00:15:51 MDT 2000



Student killed in extrajudicial execution

December 1996
AI INDEX: EUR 44/183/96

On 4 July 1995 Serdar Ugras, a 20-year-old university student at the
Trakya University in Edirne, was shot dead in his home town Nusaybin in
southeast Turkey. The student, who had come home for the summer
holidays, was reportedly executed in front of his father by members of
the Special Operations Team, pretending that this happened as part of a
clash between the security forces and armed members of the Kurdish
Workers' Party (PKK). In fact, the unarmed student, who had been taken
into detention the day before at a friend's home in a nearby town and
brought back to his father's house by the security forces, was
apparently killed in the street outside by machine-gun fire and a final
single shot to the head.

In the late 1980s Amnesty International had received occasional
allegations of extrajudicial execution, but in the spring of 1991 the
organization began to receive a large number of reports of "death squad"
style killings of Kurdish villagers in the Midyat area of Sirnak
province. The security forces were clearly involved in the killings.
Many allegations of extrajudicial execution have been made against
members of Special Operations Teams. These are technically police
officers under the authority of the Interior Ministry, heavily armed for
close combat with the PKK. In mid-1991 Kurdish political leaders began
to be targeted and by early 1992 scores of people were being gunned down
in the first of hundreds of street killings by small groups of assassins
in the cities of the southeast. In most cases the killers were never
identified but there is evidence that the security forces were
orchestrating the killings by arming and paying the assassins. More than
1,000 people have died in these political street killings since 1991.

A state of emergency, in force in nine provinces most affected by the
conflict, gives the security forces wide-ranging powers. The State of
Emergency Region Governor controls the armed and police services in the
region and can assume control of any functions of the civil
administration. The governor and the forces at his disposal also enjoy a
high degree of official immunity from prosecution.


Xxxx Xxxxx Xxxxxx
PhD Student
Department of Political Science
SUNY at Albany
Nelson A. Rockefeller College
135 Western Ave.; Milne 102
Albany, NY 12222

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