Evolutionism vs historicism

snnoonan snnoonan at SPAMmsn.com
Tue Dec 26 18:06:38 MST 2000


Charles write:
"Marx and Engels had an evolutionist ( not historicist)  approach. In
evolutionism, earlier stages _are_ necessarily related to later stages."

Marx and Engels:
"...a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution
of
society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes."

Note the possibility of either reconstruction or ruin. No necessary outcomes
here. Class struggle is the necessity, its outcome is contingent on the
balance of forces at play between the contending classes. Although the range
of possible historical outcomes is delimited by mode of production,
political and cultural organization, history is still contingent, allowing
for a range of possible developments e.g. socialism or barbarism.
Capitalism wasn't inevitable.

Sean Noonan
snnoonan at email.msn.com













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