Bogdanov

Jim Farmelant farmelantj at SPAMjuno.com
Sat Jun 3 09:10:29 MDT 2000




On Fri, 02 Jun 2000 13:32:39 -0400 Louis Proyect <lnp3 at panix.com> writes:
> H-NET BOOK REVIEW
>


> In the Soviet Union, conversely, Bogdanov was very well known indeed
> -- as a Bolshevik pariah.  Ever after their famous break in 1909,
> when Lenin engineered Bogdanov's ouster from the leadership of the
> Bolshevik faction, Lenin relentlessly attacked and denigrated
> Bogdanov's ideas.  He saw to it that Bogdanov's philosophy would
> always be branded as false, anti-Marxist, and anathema for Russian
> Communists.  Bogdanov's works were published in the Soviet Union in
> the 1920s, but their influence is difficult to gauge. Because the
> accusation of "Bogdanovism"  was career-ending, anyone who had been
> influenced by Bogdanov's thought would have attempted to conceal it.
>


It was certainly the case that Bogdanov became anathema to Soviet
Communists following his expulsion from the Bolshevik faction by Lenin.
And it is certainly true that Lenin's criticisms of Bogdanov in
*Materialism
and Empirio-Criticism* became a part of Soviet orthodoxy such that
they were repeated virtually by wrote in most introductory Soviet
philosophy
texts.  On the other hand some of the people who had shared similar
philosophical views like A. Lunacharsky remained within the Bolshevik
faction
and attained prominent positions within the Soviet government following
the October Revolution.  Lunacharsky for instance was the first Soviet
commissar
of education.

Concerning Boogdanov's attempt to ground the philosophical basis of
Marxism
in Ernst Mach's empiriocriticism, it is interesting to note that in
Austria, Otto
Neurath who was one of the founders of the Vienna Circle pursued a
similar
project.  Just as Bogdanov had attempted to concern himself with
establishing
the unity of the sciences, so Neurath pushed the unity of science as a
central
theme of logical empiricism.  And also like Bogdanov, Neurath wrote very
extensively
on economic planning (he was one of the early participants in the
'socialist
calculation' debate) as well as on the problems of building a socialist
culture.

Jim F.
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