Forwarded from Anthony (on GOP)

Michael Hoover hoov at
Thu Jun 22 18:02:14 MDT 2000

couple of correction to my previous pos, many apologies... MH

1) 'between mid-1870s century' should read between mid-1870s to end of

2) 'Benjamin Harrison received majority of electoral votes' should read
received majority of electoral votes after losing popular vote.

> > The Grand Old Party
> > It established a one party parliamentary system in the
> > USA that the PRI never rivaled. Although it never
> > could - and maybe never wanted to - completely
> > suppress the Democratic Party.
> > It was "the" party of the United States from 1864 to
> > 1900.
> > Anthony
> Reps were clearly dominant until mid-1870s but there was relatively
> balanced electoral competition with Dems between mid-1870s century.
> True, Dems had only Grover Cleveland's two terms as prez but party
> won majority of votes cast in 4 of 6 elections.
> In 1888, Benajmin Harrison received majority of electoral votes after
> Earlier, and more importantly. Rep Rutherford Hayes 'won' election of
> 1876 after losing popular vote (have always disliked that term) and
> receiving minority of electoral college votes when congressional
> electoral commission voted 8-7 (along party lines) in his favor.  By
> that time Dems controlled House while Reps controlled Senate and so-
> called '1877 compromise' which ended Reconstruction solidified divided
> congressional control along party/regional lines (Dems/south/House -
> Reps/north/Senate) for 2 decades.
> Rep. control became more solid following 1896 prez election.  Principal
> reason?  Conservative reaction in 2 major parties to Populists who
> controlled 8 state legislatures in early 1890s and ran fusion Bryan
> candidacy with Dems in 1896.  Bryan had received Dem nomination after
> his supporters took control of Dem convention (Bryan's campaign
> actually eschewed Populist Party in favor of running as Dem with
> small-p populist platform).
> Post-1896 party alignment strengthened then-existing regional differences.
> Southern Dems abandoned attempts to gain national control.  Reps didn't
> want to get rid of Dems because latter's 'solid south' was foundation of
> Rep. dominance between 1896-1932.  Important consquence of 'solid south'
> is that it divided southern & western radical agrarians with former in
> Dem Party & latter in Rep Party.
> Only exceptions to Rep. control of both Prez & Congress between turn-of-
> 20th century and FDR's election were Woodrow Wilson's two terms (made
> possible in 1912 by Reps splitting votes between incumbent William
> Howard Taft & Teddy Roosevelt).    Michael Hoover

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