US 'supported anti-left terror in Italy'
furuhashi.1 at SPAMosu.edu
Sat Jun 24 10:01:14 MDT 2000
US 'supported anti-left terror in Italy'
Report claims Washington used a strategy of tension in the cold war
to stabilise the centre-right
Philip Willan in Rome
Saturday June 24, 2000
The United States was accused of playing a large part in the campaign
of anti-communist terrorism in Italy during the cold war, in a report
released yesterday by the Left Democrat party.
The explicit accusation is contained in a draft report to a
parliamentary commission on terrorism.
The formerly communist LDP is the biggest party in Giuliano Amato's
centre-left government, and the report could sour relations between
Italy and the United States and unleash a storm of domestic political
The 300-page report says that the United States was responsible for
inspiring a "strategy of tension" in which indiscriminate bombing of
the public and the threat of a rightwing coup were used to stabilise
centre-right political control of the country.
Those who carried out the attacks were rarely caught, it said,
because "those massacres, those bombs, those military actions had
been organised or promoted or supported by men inside Italian state
institutions and, as has been discovered more recently, by men linked
to the structures of United States intelligence".
Valter Bielli, a Left Democrat member of parliament and one of the
authors of the report, said his party's conclusions were based on
recent judicial discoveries and a re-elaboration of information that
had been available for many years but had not been adequately
"I am convinced that the intervention of the Americans in Italy is
now a historically proven fact," he said.
"They interfered to prevent the Communist party from achieving power
by democratic means. The communist threat no longer exists and it
would be appropriate if the Americans themselves helped us to clarify
what happened in the past."
Mr Bielli said he was worried about the possible implications of the
report for relations between Italy and the US, but he hoped it would
contribute to the creation of a new Nato in which all countries
enjoyed equal weight and dignity.
"During the cold war the east was under communist domination, but the
west too had become, in a certain sense, an American colony," he said.
The report claims that US intelligence agents were informed in
advance about several rightwing terrorist bombings, including the
December 1969 Piazza Fontana bombing in Milan and the Piazza della
Loggia bombing in Brescia five years later, but did nothing to alert
the Italian authorities or to prevent the attacks from taking place.
It also alleges that Pino Rauti, a journalist and founder of the
far-right Ordine Nuovo (new order) subversive organ isation, received
regular funding from a press officer at the US embassy in Rome.
"So even before the 'stabilising' plans that Atlantic circles had
prepared for Italy became operational through the bombings, one of
the leading members of the subversive right was literally in the pay
of the American embassy in Rome," the report says.
Mr Rautinow heads the small rightwing MSI Fiamma-Tricolore party, and
suggestions that he and other rightwing politicians still actively
involved in parliamentary politics had failed to cut their links to
terrorist extremists have drawn furious rebuttals from the
The National Alliance leader, Gianfranco Fini, described the document
as a "miserable report" and the centrist Republican party said it was
worthy of a 1970s Maoist group.
"These are allegations that have come up over the last 20 years and
there is absolutely nothing to them," a source at the US embassy in
To Aldo Giannuli, a historian who works as a consultant to the
parliamentary terrorism commission, the release of the Left
Democrats' report is a manoeuvre dictated primarily by domestic
"Since they have been in power the Left Democrats have given us very
little help in gaining access to security service archives," he said.
"This is a falsely courageous report. The real issue today is gaining
access to Nato's archives. There has been no impulse on this front
from the government."
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