There's a growing feeling that Labastida is not going to bepresident

Tony Abdo aabdo at
Sat Jun 24 19:39:43 MDT 2000

Below are 3 articles that relate to Mexican politics.       Also of
note---- Alejandro Toledo (Peru) was in Poland today.     He arrived at
the Democracy Forum where he was able to speak with George Soros,
Madelyn Albright, and Kofi Annan (amongst other dignitaries) about the
fraudulent elections in Peru just recently held.

Intellectuals and leading political figures in both Peru and Mexico are
watching US reaction closely,  in regard to these two elections and how
they are being handled.   As others are also watching in other countries
of the world.

Tony Abdo
Fox win a given in Mexico's industrial capital
23 Jun 2000 17:30
By Adolfo Garza

MONTERREY, Mexico, June 23 (Reuters) - Whether or not opposition
presidential contender Vicente Fox wins in Mexico's election on July 2,
one place he is likely to sweep the board is Monterrey, the country's
industrial heartland and a stronghold of his National Action Party

Fox, a former Coca-Cola executive, is in a neck-and-neck race for
Mexico's presidency with Francisco Labastida, the candidate of the
ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which has governed
Mexico for 71 years.
With a population of some 3 million, Monterrey is the nation's
third-largest city, but the second most important in financial terms --
many of the nation's largest conglomerates are based here.

As the capital of northern Nuevo Leon state, the metropolitan area of
Monterrey is home to about three-quarters of the state's total
population and has been predominantly pro-PAN for the last 10 years.

"The trend of the last 10 years looks to hold as we head toward the
presidential election," Aurelio Collado, head of the political science
department at the prestigious Tec de Monterrey, told Reuters.

"Support for the PAN is steady across the socioeconomic spectrum," he
said. "The PRI only has strong support towards the south, in the poorest
parts of the state."

Nuevo Leon has been governed since 1997 by Fernando Canales Clariond, a
steel magnate whose family is among the wealthiest in the state and
controls conglomerate Grupo IMSA.

Collado said there are obvious parallels between Canales and Fox: both
are financially independent, and their inner circles have traditionally
operated with some independence from PAN party leaders.

"Canales is not like other PAN governors, who are more dependent on the
PAN leadership," Collado said. "The fact that he and his family are very
well connected is a big advantage."
Canales' office did not return phone calls seeking comment.

Fox's campaign has relied to a large extent on a group called "Fox's
Friends" for fund-raising and logistical support, making the
strong-minded candidate less dependent on PAN leadership and financial

He also sought an alliance with the smaller Green Party of Mexico,
registering for both parties and running on a platform known as
"Alliance for Mexico".

The PAN's big win in 1997 -- in which it also won the majority in the
state Congress -- is partly attributed to the allegations of widespread
corruption under a former PRI governor, Socrates Rizzo.
After a series of scandals in the mid-1990s rocked his administration,
Rizzo took a leave of absence near the end of his term and left the

In the first successful prosecution of a corrupt former PRI official,
the Canales administration charged former treasurer Xavier Doria with
embezzling some $18 million while in charge of the state coffers.
State officials say that part of the money was used to fund election
campaigns for the PRI. Opposition leaders have long accused the PRI of
using state funds to finance its campaigns, but the allegations had
never before been substantiated.
Many suspect the embezzlement could have been far more extensive than
state officials have been able to prove.
1-Mexico's Labastida and Fox in dead heat
23 Jun 2000 16:39
(Recasts, adds Dallas Morning News poll, paragraphs 4-7)

MEXICO CITY, June 23 (Reuters) - Mexico's ruling party presidential
candidate, Francisco Labastida, is in a dead heat with chief opposition
candidate Vicente Fox nine days before national elections, two polls
said on Friday.

A poll by Mexican daily Milenio and polling firm AC Nielsen showed
Labastida of the long-ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)
with 42 percent, three points ahead of Fox of the center-right National
Action Party (PAN) in the July 2 election.

But because of the razor-thin margin, the newspaper said that the
results showed a technical tie. The survey of 2,489 Mexicans was
conducted between June 12 and June 19. No margin of error was given.

A poll published by the Dallas Morning News, meanwhile, showed Labastida
with a whisker of a lead over his rival. The longtime bureaucrat and
former governor of Sinaloa, had 34 percent of voter preferences and Fox,
a former Coca-Cola executive and Guanajuato state governor, had 33

The poll of 1,362 Mexicans also found a widespread belief that ruling
party candidate Francisco Labastida cannot win the July 2 contest
cleanly and indicated that voters are increasingly clamoring for change
after 71 years living under presidents from the Institutional
Revolutionary Party.

"There's a growing feeling that Labastida is not going to be the
president," said Daniel Lund, president of MUND Opinion Services, which
conducted the national poll.

The MUND/Dallas Morning News poll had a margin of error of 2.2
percentage points
The polls are likely to be the final chance to gauge voting intentions
because publication of surveys is banned from Saturday under Mexican
election law.

The MUND poll indicated that voters are also increasingly are restive
and vocal.
For example, 43 percent of the respondents said they would never vote
for the PRI, up from 30 percent in December. Of those surveyed, 72
percent said they support "radical change" over more gradual reform, up
from 50 percent in December.

The Milenio and Dallas Morning News polls are in line with the bulk of
Mexican political polls published in recent days, which show the two men
locked in a tight race.

Three polls published on Thursday showed Labastida and Fox in a
technical tie once the margins of error were taken into account.

COPENHAGEN, June 23 (Reuters) - Mexico's petrochemicals industry needs
privatisation, Trade Minister Herminio Blanco said on Friday.

"There is no reason why we (the government) should be running some of
the petrochemical complexes and I think those should be privatised,"
Blanco told Reuters in an interview.

Mexico, a big crude oil producer but ironically also a major importer of
petrochemicals, needed private sector participation in petrochemicals
production, he said.

The most urgent administrative measure involved was to allow private
companies to buy feedstock at competitive prices, he said, adding the
current formula for pricing the feedstock was very inflexible.

"I think this (privatisation) is going to have to happen," Blanco said,
but declined to specify whether this also applied to Mexico's state oil
company Petroleos Mexicanos [PEMX.UL] (Pemex).

"There is a desperate need in Mexico to increase value-added in
petrochemicals," said Blanco, who was in Denmark on a tour of European
countries to promote Mexico as an investment destination.

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