"THE BASIS FOR ONE CHINA, DE FACTO AND DE JURE"

Juan R. Fajardo fajardos at SPAMix.netcom.com
Sat May 20 12:42:17 MDT 2000


      "THE BASIS FOR ONE CHINA, DE FACTO AND DE JURE"


              The Taiwan Affairs Office
                      &
    The Information Office of the State Council
                  of the
           People's Republic of China



        The One-China Principle has been evolved in the course of the Chinese
people's just struggle to safeguard China's sovereignty and territoriai
integrity, and its basis, both de facto and de jure, is unshakable.
        Taiwan is an inalienable part of China.  Ah the faets and laws about
Taiwan prove that Taiwan is an inalienable pan of Chinese territory. Li
Apúl 1895, through a war of aggression against China, Japan forced the
Qing government to sign the unequal Treaty of Shimonoseki, and forcibly
occupied Taiwan. In July 1937, Japan launched an all-out war of
aggression against China. Li December 1941, the Chinese government
issued the Proclamation of China's Declaration of War Against Japan,
announcing to the world that alí treaties, agreements and contracts
concerning Sino-Japanese relations, including the Treaty of Shimonoseki,
had been abrogated, and that China would recover Taiwan. Li December
1943, the Cairo Declaration was issued by the Chinese, U.S. and British
governments, stipulating that Japan
should return to China ah the territories it had stolen from the
Chinese, including Nonheast China, Taiwan and the Penghu Archipelago.
The Potsdam Proclamation signed by China, the United States and Britain
in 1945 (later acihered to by the Soviet
Union) stipulated that "The terms of the Cairo Declaration shfl be
carried out." Li August of that year, Tapan declared surrender and
promised in its instrument of surrender that it would faithfully
fulfil the obligations laid down in the Potsdam Proclamation. On October
25 1945, the Chinese government recovered Taiwan and the Penghu
Archipelago, resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Taiwan.
       October 1, 1949, the Central People's Government of the PRC was
proclaimed, replacing the government of the Republic of China to become
the only legal government of the whole of China and its sde legal
representative in the international arena, thereby bringing the
historical status of the Republic of China to an end.  This is a
replacement of the old regime by a new one in a situation where the main
bodies of the same international laws have not changed and China's
sovereignty and inherent territory have not changed therefrom, and so
the government of the PRC naturally should fully enjoy and exercise
China's sovereignty, including its
sovereignty over Taiwan.
        Since the KMT ruling dique retreated to Taiwan, although its regime has
continued to use the designations "Republic of China" and "government of
the Republic of China," it has long since completely forfeited its right
to exercise state sovereignty on
hchalf of China and, in realíty, has always remained only a local
authority in Chinese territory.
        The formulation of the One-China Principle and its basic meaning. On
the day of its founding, the Central People's Government of the PRC
declared to governments of all countries in the world, "This government
is the sole legal government representing the entire people of the
People's Republic of China. It is ready to establish diplomatie
relations with ah  foreign governments that are willing to abide by the
principles of equality, mutual benefit and mutual respect for each
other's territorial integrity and sovereignty." Shortly afterwards, the
Central People's Government telegraphed the United Nations, announcing
that the KMT authorities had "lost all basis, both de jure and de facto,
to represent the Chinese people," and therefore had no right to
represent China at ah. One principie governing New China's establishment
of diplomatie relations with a foreign country is that it recognizes the
government of the PRC as the sole legitimate government representing the
whole of China, severs or refrain from establishing diplomatic relations
with the Taiwan authorities.
        These propositions of the Chinese government met with obstruction by
the U.S. government. On January 5, 1950, the U.S. President Truman
issued a statement, saying that the U.S. and other Allied countries
recognized China's exercise of sovereignty over Taiwan Island in the
four years since 1945. However, after the start of the Korean War in
June 1950, to isolate and contain China the U.S. government not only
sent troops to occupy Taiwan, but it also díshed out such fallacies as
"the status of Taiwan has yet to be determined" and later, step by step,
lobbied for "dual recognition" among the international community in
order to create "two Chinas." Naturally, the Chinese government
resolutely opposed this, insisting that there is only one China in the
world, Taiwan is a part of China and the government of the PRC is the
sole legal government representing the whole of China. China has evolved
the One China Principle precisely in the course of the endeavor to
develop normal diplomatic relations with other countries and the
struggle to safeguard state sovereignty and territorial integrity. The
above propositions constitute the basic meaníng of the One-China
Principle, the crucial point being to safeguard China's sovereignty and
territorial integrity.
        During the 30 or 40 years after 1949, although the Taiwan authorities
did not recognize the legitimate status of the government of the PRC as
the representative of the whole of China, they did insist that Taiwan is
a pan of China and that there is only one China, and opposed "two
Chinas" and "Taiwan independence." This shows that for a long time there
has been a common understanding among the Chinese on both sides of the
Taiwan Straights on the fundamental question that there is only one
China and Taiwan is a part of Chinese territory. As far back as October
1958, when the People's Liberation Army (PLA) was engaged in the battle
ttle to bombard Jinmen, Chaiman Mao Zedong declared to the Taiwan
authorities, "There is only one China, not two, in the world. You agree
with us on this point, as indicated in your leaders' proclamations."  In
January 1979, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
(NPC) issued a Message to Taiwan Compatriots, pointing out that "the
Taiwan authorities have always stood firm on the one China position and
opposed the independence of Taiwan.  This is our common stand and our
basis for cooperation."
        The Chinese government' s solemn and reasonable stand for the One-China
Principle has gained the understanding and support of more and more
countries and international organizations, and the One-China Principle
has been gradually accepted by the international corrirnunity at large.
In October 1971, the United Nations General Assembly adopted at its 26th
session Resolution 2758, which expelled the representatives of the
Taiwan authorities and restored the seat and ah the lawful rights of the
government of the PRC in the United Nations. In September 1972, China
and Japan signed a Joint Statement, announcing establishment of
diplomatic relations between ffie two countfies, and that Japan
recognizes the government of the PRC as the only legitimate government
of China, fully understands and respects the Chinese government's
position that Taiwan is an inalienable part of the territory of the PRC,
and promises to adhere to the position as prescribed in Article 8 of the
Potsdam Proclamation. In December 1978, China and the U.S. issued a
Joint Cotnmunique on the establishment of diplomatic relations, in which
the U.S. "recognizes the government of the People's Republic of China as
the sole legal government of China" and "acknowledges the Chinese
position that there is but one China and Taiwan is a part of China." Up
to now, 161 countries have established diplomatic relations with the
PRC; they all acknowledge the One-China Principie and promise to handle
their relations with Taiwan within the one-China framework.



Beijing, February 2000





More information about the Marxism mailing list