James Farmelant farmelantj at
Thu Nov 9 08:21:31 MST 2000

Yoshie wrote:

<While both Nietzsche and Marx criticized equal rights of <liberalism, they
did so from different standpoints.  I have <read arguments of people who
have sought to reconcile Marx & <Nietzsche:

There is a long history of attempts at reconciling Marx with
Nietzsche.  There were already such attempts underway within
the German Social Democrats by the 1890s.  In Russia during
the Silver Age that followed the failed revolution of 1905
Nietzschean thought became pervasive among Russian intellectuals
and artists and this had an effect on Russian Marxism.  Within
the Bolsheviks, Anatoli Lunacharski was very much taken with
Nietzche's romantic individualism and his "amoralism" and he
sought to reconcile these with Marxism.  Whereas, Nietzsche
had seen his ideal of the Overman as being reserved for the
elite few, Lunacharski as an egalitarian argued that under
communism, this ideal would be realizable by the many.  Lunacharski, rightly
or wrongly believed that there was common
ground between Marx's critique of bourgeois morality and Nietzsche's

Jim Farmelant

< Ishay Landa,
<"Nietzsche, the Chinese Worker's Friend," _New Left Review_ 236
<(July/August 1999); Wendy Brown, _States of Injury: Power and <Freedom
<in Late Modernity_, Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1995; etc.  <However,
<in my opinion, they cannot bring Marx in line with Nietzsche <without doing
injustice to Marx's & Nietzsche's respective <thoughts.  Not all
<critics of liberalism think alike, and Nietzsche would have <been the
<first to acknowledge this fact (though he was not interested in <Marx or
socialism enough to figure out differences among <socialist
<thoughts [e.g., Marxism vs. Utopian Socialism]).

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