FRY Ministry of Foreign Affairs presents memorandum to the UN Security Council

Louis Proyect lnp3 at
Thu Oct 5 11:11:11 MDT 2000


BELGRADE, October 4, (Tanjug) - Regarding gross foreign interference in the
elections in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Federal Ministry of
Foreign Affairs addressed a Memorandum to the United Nations Security
Council and the General Assembly of the world Organization, with a request
that it be circulated as official document of the United Nations. The
Memorandum, inter alia, states: Before as well as during the electoral
process conducted so far, the FR of Yugoslavia and its citizens have been
incessantly exposed to systematic, brutal pressure by some influential
international factors, primarily the US Administration and NATO countries,
with an undisguised aim of directly interfering in the electoral process in
the FR of Yugoslavia and of an inadmissible pressure brought to bear on the
will of its population.

a) Political and psychological pressures and subversive activities:

In the period prior to elections in Yugoslavia, centres for assisting
Yugoslav opposition and destabilization of Yugoslavia were established in
neighbouring countries (Szeged, Timisoara, Sofia, Skopje,Tirana). A month
prior to the elections in Yugoslavia, a US Regional Centre was set up to
co-ordinate the work of centres in individual countries of South Eastern
Europe in order to exert political, psychological, diplomatic and
subversive pressure (on 15 August 2000). The Budapest-based US Centre has
engaged more than 30 experts for intelligence, propaganda, military
intelligence and subversive activities against the FR of Yugoslavia under
the direction of former US Ambassador to Croatia William Montgomery. The
Centre recruits experts from USIS, CIA, USAID, DIA and other similar US
agencies. For this reason, the FR of Yugoslavia lodged an official written
protest with the United Nations Security Council on 18 September 2000 by
qualifying the establishment of this centre as a violation of the Vienna
Conventions on Diplomatic and Consular Relations and international law and
describing it as a gross interference in the internal affairs of the FR of
Yugoslavia (S/2000/880). During the month of August this year, Director of
CIA George Tennet visited the broader region of South Eastern Europe
(Bulgaria, Romania) to step up and co-ordinate pressure in the run-up to
elections in Yugoslavia. A ring of radio and TV centres was established
around the FR of Yugoslavia to transmit anti-Yugoslav propaganda, the
well-known system of NATO propaganda such as Radio Free Europe, Deutshe
Welle, Voice of America and others. Hundreds of hours of anti-Yugoslav
propaganda aimed at psychological and political pressure on the citizens of
the FR of Yugoslavia, concocted in US and NATO centres of subversion and
destabilization, are being aired via these systems and their transmitters
from the territories of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Croatia, Romania,
Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Albania, on a daily basis. Many of
these radio and television transmitters operate illegally on the same
frequencies that, according to international conventions, belong to the FR
of Yugoslavia and that are used by Yugoslav radio and television stations.
The European Union too sent a "message to the Serbian people" on 18
September, on the eve of the elections, giving overtly support to the
Serbian opposition and promising to lift sanctions against it if it votes
for the opposition. This is evidence of the illegal nature and
unjustifiableness of sanctions as an instrument to violate fundamental
human rights, grossly intervene in internal affairs and bring about the
accomplishment of illegitimate political goals. On this score, an EU
representative was delivered the strongest protest in the Federal Ministry
of Foreign Affairs on 21 September and at EU headquarters in Brussels on 22
September, respectively. Similar malicious views were publicly expressed
every day in the media by the President of the Council of Europe
Parliamentary Assembly, by the Foreign Ministries of a number of EU
countries, the EU High Representative and Commissioner for External
Relations, as well as by the EU Stability Pact Co-ordinator and the
Secretary General of the Council of Europe, with a view to exercising an
organized pressure on the public in the FR of Yugoslavia and on its
electoral bodies and to prejudicing election results.

b) Opposition funding:

The US Administration, the Governments of NATO countries and various
foundations, such as the Soros foundation, openly finance Yugoslav
opposition and various forms of subversive activity aimed at destabilizing
the FRof Yugoslavia and at overthrowing its legitimate Government. This
funding has been intensified in particular after the announcement of
nation-wide parliamentary, presidential and local elections. Funds have
openly been allocated to opposition political parties and their leaders, to
the so-called independent media, associations and structures of the
so-called civil society and to individuals. Prior to these elections, the
US Administration paid US$ 77.2 million to Yugoslav opposition, a public
fact also confirmed by a daily close to US Administration, The Washington
Post, on 22 September 2000. The same was also confirmed by sources in US
Congress, the Department of State and others. Only a day after the
elections and the first round of Presidential election in the FR of
Yugoslavia, US Congress passed on 25 September the "Democratization of
Serbia Act", making a series of gross and unsubstantiated allegations
against the legitimate authorities in the FR of Yugoslavia and
appropriating additional financial resources, to the tune of US$ 105
million, to bring them down, i.e. for the purposes of the Serbian
opposition. This document, under the guise of an alleged concern for human
rights, openly supported the separatism of ethnic Hungarians in the Serbian
province of Vojvodina, where the majority Serbs live in harmony with 26
minorities. A week before the elections, the Charge d'Affaires of the Royal
Norwegian Embassy in Belgrade handed out cash funds in Deutsche marks to
students and young people in several towns in Serbia, thus directly
promoting the cause of the opposition. The so-called independent media and
the statements made by the Norwegian Charge himself bear witness to it.
Such conduct by the Norwegian Charge, as an abuse of the hospitality of the
Yugoslav Government , contradicts his diplomatic functions, whereas giving
bribe is punishable by law in all countries of the world. The Charge was
twice officially warned in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that such
activity is a flagrant interference in internal affairs and a gross
violation of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. He was asked
not to do so and to channel all assistance in accordance with the
agreements and the normal practice existing in co-operation among sovereign
States, via competent Government authorities, which the Charge completely

The above facts testify to flagrant foreign interference in electoral
processes by using propaganda, psychological , political and military
pressure aimed at influencing the will of the electorate, which is contrary
to what democracy is about and which constitutes a violation of all norms
of international law. The Government of the FR of Yugoslavia recalls that
following the interference of foreign factors in its electoral process, it
has already addressed the UN Security Council on 20 September 2000. The
Yugoslav Government requested on that occasion the Security Council to
address this important and urgent issue and to take measures to put an end
to flagrant interference in our internal affairs and to ensure respect for
international law and decisions of the United Nations. Considering that the
UN Security Council has not yet reacted to this communication, the Yugoslav
Government, presenting once again the above facts, calls again upon the
Security Council to take specific steps to condemn in the strongest terms
interference by the above-mentioned external factors in the internal
affairs of the FR of Yugoslavia, especially interference in its electoral
process, so as to ensure the respect for the Charter of the United Nations,
international law and UN General Assembly documents.

The Memorandum, which has been delivered at UN Headquarters today, outlines
also in detail specific provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and
of other documents of the world Organization that ban all interference in
internal affairs, and particularly in electoral processes. In this context,
the Memorandum cites provisions of UN General Assembly resolution 54/168 on
non-interference in electoral processes which provides:"Strongly demands
that all States refrain from financing political parties or groups in
another State and from taking any action that undermines the electoral

Louis Proyect
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