The Southern Fur Trade

Xxxx Xxxxx Xxxxxx xxxxxxxx at
Sun Oct 29 23:30:57 MST 2000

Review, XVII, 2, Spring, 1994

Wilma A. Dunaway, ``The Southern Fur Trade and the Incorporation of
Southern Appalachia into the World-Economy, 1690 1763''

As a microcosm of the international struggle for global hegemony in the
early 1700's, Southern Appalachia formed a buffer zone between British
settlements in Virginia and the French in the Ohio Valley and between
British Carolina and Georgia, Spanish Florida and the French entrenched
in present-day Alabama and in the Mississippi Valley. Seeking to
minimize contraction of their economic activities, England, France and
Spain competed for political and economic control over the Indians of
the American Southeast. The incorporation of Southern Appalachia as a
peripheral fringe of the British coastal colonies entailed three
historical transformations: (a) establishing political control over the
Cherokees and their territory; (b) securing initial Appalachian markets
for British commodities; and (c) European export of a white settler
class into Southern Appalachia to supervise the region's first
``cash-crop'' production. The Cherokee economy underwent massive
alteration of its relations of production and became restructured around
export activity. Through their instigation of intertribal warfare and
their treatment of the scattered Cherokee settlements as a unified
corporate entity, the British coerced the indigenous society toward
secular and national governance. Within fewer than 50 years, the
Cherokees lost economic and political autonomy and became dependent upon
the worldwide network of production.


Xxxx Xxxxx Xxxxxx
PhD Student
Department of Political Science
SUNY at Albany
Nelson A. Rockefeller College
135 Western Ave.; Milne 102
Albany, NY 12222

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