NORTHWOODS: PLAN FOR TERROR TO JUSTIFY WAR comments, excerpts & links to text

Borba100 at aol.com Borba100 at aol.com
Mon Dec 10 22:51:49 MST 2001


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NORTHWOODS: A PLAN FOR TERROR TO JUSTIFY WAR
Comments by Jared Israel
Key Excerpts from the Previously Classified Northwoods Document and Links to
the Full Text
[Posted 10 December 2001]
=======================================

The Northwoods plan for staging phony attacks on the U.S. to justify invading
Cuba was developed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1962. It was never
implemented, perhaps due to fear of Soviet retaliation.

The Northwoods document was obtained by the National Security Archive:

"an independent non-governmental research institute and library located at
The George Washington University in Washington, D.C.  The Archive collects
and publishes declassified documents acquired through the Freedom of
Information Act (FOIA).  A tax-exempt public charity, the Archive receives no
U.S. government funding; its budget is supported by publication royalties and
donations from foundations and individuals."

The Emperor's Clothes summary of evidence, "Guilty for 9-11," charges that
the Bush Administration staged the attack on the World Trade Center and the
Pentagon. The purpose: to justify a U.S. military crusade, an eternal War
Against Terror, starting with the invasion of Afghanistan. (1)

But the attack on Afghanistan is not intended to fight terrorism. Rather than
crushing terrorism, the U.S. Establishment hopes to create a new, more
subservient terrorist apparatus in Afghanistan, including elements of both
the Northern Alliance and 'moderate' Taliban.

The goal of the current protracted war against a weak foe - indeed, against a
foe largely created by the U.S. and its client states, Pakistan and Saudi
Arabia - is to position the U.S. military-intelligence apparatus firmly in
Central Asia.

>From that strategic position, Washington hopes to complete the dismemberment
of the states of the former Soviet Union.

U.S. military and intelligence operatives will cultivate quislings like Mr.
Putin, penetrate military defense structures and political groups in the
former Soviet States, instigate terrorist attacks to destabilize the area,
and build or take control of powerful military bases. These will be used to
stage direct military assaults when, as is sure to happen, some of the former
Soviet Republics resist. Thus this strategy risks nuclear war.

Some people who oppose the Afghan war disagree with this explanation. They
claim that Mr. Bush's motive is to establish control of oil deposits in the
Caspian basin and/or to construct oil pipelines.

This theory has been put forward by everyone from the U.S. Communist Party to
some conservative Websites.

The other day I received an email with an article by the reporter John
Pilger, who says:

"Bush's concealed agenda is to exploit the oil and gas reserves in the
Caspian basin, the greatest source of untapped fossil fuel on earth and
enough, according to one estimate, to meet America's voracious energy needs
for a generation."

Mr. Pilger is dead wrong. The U.S. does not need to destabilize highly
volatile Central and Southern Asia, which includes several nuclear powers,
just to get oil.

Consider Fidel Castro's statement on this subject. Castro has survived four
decades of attempts by the world's biggest superpower to destroy the
revolution in his tiny country. (Indeed, Cuba was the proposed target of
Operation Northwoods!) So perhaps Mr. Castro understands a thing or three
about U.S. strategy.

In a speech on 2 November, Castro said:

"I do not share the view that the United States' main pursuit in Afghanistan
was oil. I rather see it as part of a geo-strategic concept. No one would
make such a mistake simply to go after oil, least of all a country with
access to any oil in the world, including all the Russian oil and gas it
wishes. It would be sufficient for the U.S. to invest, to buy and to pay."
(full text at: http://www.embacuba.ca/Doc-e.htm )

The Emperor's Clothes editors (and, by the way, virtually everyone in the
former Soviet Union) agree.

Indeed the immediate effect of 9-11 and the current military campaign has
been to destabilize the oil business. For example Enron, one of the main U.S.
energy companies and Mr. Bush's biggest contributor, (3) has been driven into
bankruptcy.

TODAY AFGHANISTAN, TOMORROW RUSSIA, AND THEN - THE WORLD

Why is this economic disruption justified in the minds of the fraction of a
percent who control the U.S.? Because they have a 'grand' strategy. That
strategy is to seize the center of the Central Asian chessboard and from
there to reduce the states of the former Soviet Union to the status of
impoverished protectorates, just as the U.S. Establishment is now doing to
the NATO puppet state (!) of Macedonia. (4)

Indeed, Macedonia is an object lesson. Macedonia has done everything
Washington asked, and as a reward, Washington has unleashed the
fascist-terrorist Kosovo Liberation Army against Macedonia.(4)

Russian President Putin's subservience to Washington will not protect Russia
from getting the Macedonian treatment. Rather, Mr. Putin's haste to do
everything Washington wants, including, apparently, to rid his country of
heavy missiles, will only encourage the most aggressive behavior by
Washington. Mr. Putin's slave-like devotion to Bush does not prove our
analysis of Washington's intentions is wrong. Rather, his openly quisling
behavior, so shocking to millions of Russians, indicates that the attack on
Russia is proceeding, bull steam ahead.

By reducing the former Soviet Union to a series of bite-sized protectorates,
the U.S. Establishment would gain control of 1/6 of the earth's land surface
- not only oil deposits, but vast forests, gold, diamonds, natural gas, iron
and other minerals, not to mention millions of impoverished but highly
skilled workers, and on and on.

At the same time, Washington could eliminate or control the former Soviet
Union's still immense military power, which even now restrains U.S.
adventures. Of course this does not mean the U.S. Establishment will not use
the excuse of the phony war on terror to attack other countries, such as
Iraq. But the strategic target is the former Soviet Union.

This analysis is dealt with more thoroughly in
'Why Does Washington Want Afghanistan'
and in
'Why is NATO Decimating the Balkans and Trying to Force Milosevic to
Surrender?' (2)

COULD U.S. LEADERS BE CAPABLE OF INSTIGATING THE HORRORS OF 9-11

Many people believe that the Bush administration took advantage of 9-11 in
order to launch the war and impose repressive measures at home.

In reality Washington did not just take advantage of 9-11. Rather, it
instigated 9-11, just as the Joint Chiefs of Staff proposed instigating fake
attacks on Americans in 1962 - to create a climate where military action
seems justified.

As for the campaign of repression at home - with its nightmarish Homeland
Security, its assault on legal guarantees, and its star chamber Military
Tribunals - this campaign is in part intended to silence the millions of
people who suspect that Bush and other top leaders were involved in some way
in making 9-11 happen.

Some people ask us: how can you believe that our leaders are capable of such
cynicism, murderous cruelty, ruthlessness and dishonesty?

That is why Operation Northwoods is so important. For we now know that in
1962 the Joint Chiefs of Staff proposed staging phony attacks to destroy U.S.
property, killing Cuban refugees and U.S. citizens, in order to create a wave
of indignation and rage, to justify an invasion of Cuba that could have
killed hundreds of thousands of people and possibly led to nuclear war.

Below are excerpts from and comments on the Joint Chiefs' Operation
Northwoods document. It was obtained through the Freedom of Information Act.
At the end of this article, we have provided links to the document, which we
set up in standard WebPage format (easy to read). You can also read it in
Adobe Acrobat PDF format, via a link to the National Security Archive, at
George Washington University.

Northwoods is reality.

WHAT DOES NORTHWOODS SAY?

The Northwoods proposal was authorized and tentatively approved by the United
States Joint Chiefs of Staff. It had a very clear purpose:

"1. The Joint Chiefs of Staff have considered the attached Memorandum for the
Chief of Operations, Cuba Project, which responds to a request* of that
office for brief but precise description of pretexts which could provide
justification for U.S. military intervention in Cuba.

"2. The Joint Chiefs of Staff recommend that the proposed memorandum be
forwarded as a preliminary submission suitable for planning purposes." See
Operation Northwoods, page i, http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-i.htm

The aim was disinformation, to create the false impression that Cuba had
viciously attacked Americans:

"5. The suggested courses of action appended to Enclosure A are based on the
premise that US military intervention will result from a period of heightened
US-Cuban tensions which place the United States in the position of suffering
justifiable grievances. World opinion, and the United Nations forum should be
favorably affected by developing the international image of the Cuban
government as rash and irresponsible, and as an alarming and unpredictable
threat to the peace of the Western Hemisphere." See Operations Northwoods,
page 2, http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-2.htm

The document argued that Cuba should be attacked within a few months, before
it could join the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. Thus the plan was not only
deceitful and murderous, including, as we shall see, towards Americans, it
was also cowardly:

"6. While the forging premise can be utilized at the present time it will
continue to hold good only as long as there can be reasonable certainty that
US military intervention in Cuba would not directly involve the Soviet
Union." See Operations Northwoods, page 2,
http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-2.htm

The Northwoods document was to be forwarded to Secretary of Defense Robert
McNamara. McNamara claims he never saw it; but then, he also claims that
during the 1960s he was opposed to the Vietnam War. Tell that to the families
of the dead GIs whom he exhorted to kill the dead Vietnamese. I wouldn't
believe Robert McNamara if he said it was Monday:

"8. It is recommended that:

"A. Enclosure A together with its attachments should be forwarded to the
Secretary of Defense for approval and transmittal to the Chief of Operations,
Cuba Project." See Operations Northwoods, page 3,
http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-3.htm

Northwoods recognized that the best justification for attacking Cuba was to
trick Cuba into attacking U.S. forces first:

"1. Since it would seem desirable to use legitimate [sic!] provocation as the
basis for US military intervention in Cuba, a cover and deception plan, to
include requisite preliminary actions such as has been developed in response
to Task 33 o [this may be a 'c'] could be executed as an initial effort to
provoke Cuban reactions. Harassment plus deceptive actions to convince the
Cubans of imminent invasion would be emphasized. Our military posture
throughout execution of the plan will allow a rapid change from exercise to
intervention if Cuban response justifies." See Operations Northwoods page 7,
http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-7.htm

But the document also called for staging phony Cuban attacks on U.S.
installations:

"(5) Blow up ammunition inside the [Guantanamo] base; start fires.
(6) Burn aircraft on air base (sabotage).
(7) Lob mortar shells from outside of base onto base. Some damage to
installations."
See Operations Northwoods page 8,
http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-8.htm

Some of the proposed attacks could be used to portray the Cubans as heartless
monsters:

"It is possible to create an incident which will demonstrate convincingly
that a Cuban aircraft has attacked and shot down a chartered civil airliner
enroute from the United States to Jamaica, Guatemala, Panama or Venezuela.
The destination would be chosen only to cause the flight plan route to cross
Cuba. The passengers could be a group of college students off on a holiday or
any grouping of persons with a common interest to support chartering a
non-scheduled flight.' See Operations Northwoods page 10,
http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-10.htm

While the plan does not actually call for killing the college students
mentioned above - only seeming to kill them - the Joint Chiefs did suggest
the possibility of killing some Cuban refugees, or at least wounding them, as
long as there was plenty of publicity to make it all worthwhile:

"The terror campaign could be pointed at Cuban refugees seeking haven in the
United States. We could sink a boatload of Cubans enroute to Florida (real or
simulated). We could foster attempts on lives of Cuban refugees in the United
States even to the extent of wounding in instances to be widely publicized."
See Operations Northwoods page 9,
http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-9.htm

Or perhaps some U.S. servicemen could be blown up:

"3. A "Remember the Maine" incident could be arranged in several forms:
a. We could blow up a US ship in Guantanamo Bay and blame Cuba." See
Operations Northwoods page 8, http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-8.htm

Nothing personal, you know. All part of the game.

Note that in #3, above, the Joint Chiefs seem to take it for granted that the
sinking of the Maine, which was used to justify the Spanish-American war, was
a staged incident. Keep in mind that to this day - over a hundred years after
the incident - the U.S. military refuses to publicly acknowledge that the
Maine was destroyed in a Northwoods-style provocation, though they privately
know this was the case.

Northwoods called for elaborate schemes to create the proper illusions:

"6. Use of MIG type aircraft by US pilots could provide addition provocation.
Harassment of civil air, attacks on surface shipping and destruction of US
military drone aircraft by MIG type planes would be useful as complementary
actions. An F-86 properly painted would convince air passengers that they saw
a Cuban MIG, especially if the pilot of the transport were to announce such
fact. The primary drawback to this suggestion appears to be the security risk
inherent in obtaining or modifying an aircraft. However, reasonable copies of
the MIG could be produced from US resources in about three months." See
Operations Northwoods page 9, http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-9.htm

There is a phrase in the text above that could be used to sum up to the
morality of Northwoods as a whole: "The only drawback to this scheme appears
to be security." Thus the Joint Chiefs recommended that:

"b. This paper NOT be forwarded to commanders of unified or specified
commands.
c. This paper NOT be forwarded to US officers assigned to NATO activities.
d. This paper NOT be forwarded to the Chairman, US Delegation, United Nations
Military Staff Committee." See Operations Northwoods page 3,
http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-3.htm

We have prepared the text of Northwoods in WebPage format. Some people find
this easier to navigate than the format in which the National Security
Archive posted it, which is Adobe Acrobat Portable Document Format (PDF) file.

You may read the document in either format. If you are in doubt, use the
WebPage format. It's easier to navigate.

For WebPage format click here
or go to
http://www.emperors-clothes.com/images/north-i.htm

For George Washington University's National Security Archive page for the
Operation Northwoods Adobe Acrobat PDF file go to:
http://www.gwu.edu/%7Ensarchiv/news/20010430/doc1.pdf
Note: For some reason, this Adobe file is only accessible if you cut and
paste the url into your browser...

******************************
FURTHER READING:
******************************

(1) Two Sections of "GUILTY FOR 9-11" are now posted. A third should be
posted by 12 December. Section 1 is at
 http://emperors-clothes.com/indict/indict-1.htm.
Section 2 is at
 http://emperors-clothes.com/indict/indict-2.htm.
Section 3 will be posted at
 http://emperors-clothes.com/indict/indict-3.htm

For a map and timeline for American Airlines Flight 77 go to
http://www.emperors-clothes.com/images/maptime.htm

[Go back to where you were]

(2) Concerning Washington's motives for attacking Afghanistan, see
'Why Does Washington Want Afghanistan?'
and
'Why is NATO Decimating the Balkans and Trying to Force Milosevic to
Surrender?'

[Go back to where you were]

(3) On Enron's financial assistance to Mr. Bush's presidential campaign, see,
for example, 'Meet Enron, Bush's Biggest Contributor,' by Pratap Chatterjee,'
at http://www.progressive.org/pc0900.htm

[Go back to where you were]

(4) On the U.S.-directed assault on pro-U.S. (!) Macedonia, see
'Articles Documenting U.S. and European Involvement in Terrorism Against
Macedonia'
at
http://emperors-clothes.com/mac/list-m.htm

[Go back to where you were]

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