Sykes-Picot, Sevres and Lausanne

Johannes Schneider Johannes.Schneider at SPAMgmx.net
Wed Jan 31 11:43:37 MST 2001


Here are the provisions of the Sevres treaty regarding Kurdistan:

ARTICLE 64.

If within one year from the coming into force of the present Treaty the
Kurdish peoples within the areas defined in Article 62 shall address
themselves to the Council of the League of Nations in such a manner as to
show that a majority of the population of these areas desires independence
from Turkey, and if the Council then considers that these peoples are
capable of such independence and recommends that it should be granted to
them, Turkey hereby agrees to execute such a recommendation, and to renounce
all rights and title over these areas.

This means the imperialists powers put certain conditions on Kurdish
independence.

Full text of the Sevres treaty at:

http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/versa/sevres1.html

Text of the Lausanne treaty:

http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/1918p/lausanne.html

For the geographers there are further links to various maps.

Text of the Sykes-Picot agreement:

http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/1916/sykespicot.html

Map:
http://www.dartmouth.edu/~gov46/sykes-picot-1916.gif

Encyclopedia Britannica on Sykes-Picot:
Its provisions were as follows: (1) Russia should acquire the Armenian
provinces of Erzurum, Trebizond (Trabzon), Van, and Bitlis, with some
Kurdish territory to the southeast; (2) France should acquire Lebanon and
the Syrian littoral, Adana, Cilicia, and the hinterland adjacent to Russia's
share, that hinterland including Aintab, Urfa, Mardin, Diyarbakir, and
Mosul; (3) Great Britain should acquire southern Mesopotamia, including
Baghdad, and also the Mediterranean ports of Haifa and Akka (Acre); (4)
between the French and the British acquisitions there should be a
confederation of Arab states or a single independent Arab state, divided
into French and British spheres of influence; (5) Alexandretta (Iskenderun)
should be a free port; and (6) Palestine, because of the holy places, should
be under an international regime.
Full text:
http://britanicca.com/bcom/eb/article/2/0,5716,72532+1+70695,00.html

Johannes






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