USA, the predatory hegemon. From Monthly Review (Part III)

Nestor Miguel Gorojovsky gorojovsky at arnet.com.ar
Sat Sep 29 09:47:10 MDT 2001


[ Part III ]

[Footnote]
Notes

[Footnote]
1. Quoted in "General Advocates Cuts to U.S. Military Budget" ?onto Star
April 9, 1991. 2. Geir Lundestand, The American "Empire" (London: Oxford
University Press, 1990).
3. living Kristol, "The Emerging American Imperium," Wall StreetJournal,
August 18, 1997. 4. Christoper Layne and Benjamin Schwarz, "American
Hegemony-Without an Enemy" Foreign Policy, 1993, 1,2 (electronic version
from Ebschost).
5. George Orwell, "Toward European Unity," Partisan Review 14, 1947, 348-49. 6.
Samuel Huntington, "The Erosion of American National Interests," Foreign
Affairs, September-October 1997, 9 (electronic version from Fbschost). 7. Quoted
in Michael Hudson, Super Imperialism (New York: Holt, Riehart, and Winston,
1972) 189-90.

[Footnote]
8. P. N. jester quoted in David N. Gibbs, "Political Parties and
International Relations: The United States and the Decolonization of
Subsaharan Africa" International History Review 17, 1995, 310-11.
9. Russell Warren Howe, Along the Afric Shore (New York: Barnes and Noble,
1975) 152. 10. John Palmer, Europe Without America?, (London: Oxford
University Press, 1987),62. 11. This is the basic theme of Palmer's Europe
Without America?
12. From "Les Francais Judgent let Etats-Unis de Plus en Plus Nigativement, "Le
Monde, October 31 1996.

[Footnote]
13. Susan Strange, "The Defective State,' Daedalus 124, 1995, 71.
14. Yekaterina Karsanova and Dimitry Epshtein, "The Fall of America,"
Moskovskiye Novosti (Moscow), January 31-February 7, 1999. Presented in
English in World Press Review, May 1999, 45.
15. Samuel Huntington, "The Lonely Superpower," Foreign Affairs, March/April
1999, 37-8. 16. Henry Kissinger, Diplomacy (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994),
819-20. 17. Gabriel Robin, A Quoi Sect l'OTAN?" Politique Etrangere 60,
1995,177, 179. Translated from the French.

[Footnote]
18. Quoted in "L'Elargissement des Competences de VOTAN Continue d'Alimenter la
Polemique enter Fran(ais et Americains, " Le fonde, June 6, 1992. Translated
from French. 19. Julius W. Friend, "U.S. Policy toward Franco-German
Cooperation," in Patrick McCarthy, ed., France-Germany, 1983-1993 (New York: St.
Martin's, 1993), 172-73. 20. Marc Fisher, "Germans Caught in U.S.-French Rift"
Washington Post, June 27, 1992. 21. William Drozdiak, "U.S. Dominance Breeds
Irritation," International Herald Tribune, November 5, 1997.

[Footnote]
22. Martin Feldstein, "EMU and Internation Conflict," Foreign Affairs,
November/December 1997, 2, 21 (electronic version from Ebscohost).
23. Leonard Silk, "Bush Caught in Crossfire over U.S. Aims," St. Louis
Dispatch, March 14, 1992, 8C.. And despite official denials, there is
evidence that the DPG had been approved at levels above Wolfowitz: Silk
noted that the DPG "clearly needed the authorization of Secretary of Defense
Richard Cheney." According to the London Guardian, "`The [DPG] paper has the
U.S. president's signature all over it,' one senior official said, claiming that
White House employees had been involved in drafting it." David Gow, "Leaked Plan
Blight's Kohl's U.S. Summit," London Guardian, March 18, 1992, 4. 24. Patrick E.
Tyler, "U.S. Strategy Calls for Insuring No Rivals Develop," New York Times,
March 8,1992. 25. Stanley R. Sloan, "U.S.-West European Relations and Europe's
Future," in Glennon J. Harrison, ed., Europe and the United States (Armonk, NY:
M.E. Sharpe, 1994), 171. 26. Edward Foster, "Eurocorps' Quest for Identity,"
International Defense Review, November 1, 1994. 27. Brigitte Sauerwein,
"Eurocorps `Condemned to Success,'" International Defense Review, February 1,
1995. 28. "NATO Seeks Significance in a Post-Cold War Climate," Jane's Defence
Weekly, May 16, 1992.

[Footnote]
29. Stewart M. Powell, "NATO's Eastern Question," Air Force Magazine,
January 1996.
30. Katherine Q. Seelye, "Arms Contractors Spend to Promote an Expanded
NATO," New York Times, March 30, 1998.
31. From Marc Fisher, "Eastern Europe Swept by German Influence," Washington
Post, February 16, 1992. 32. "The EU Turns its Attention from Ploughshares to
Swords," The Economist, November 20, 1999.

[Footnote]
33. One counter-argument is that globalization has already proceeded so far that
it has become irreversible. According to this view, fears of regional trade
blocs are exaggerated and unwarranted. For reasons of space, I am unable to
consider this argument at length, and will reach no firm conclusions about which
side is correct in the debate over the effects of globalization and the
possibility of trade blocs. Instead, I will emphasize the following key point: A
significant number of policymakers and influential economists perceive a threat
of trade blocs. This perception-or possibly misperception-has had a marked
influence on U.S. foreign policy. 34. From testimony by_James Ortega, President
Saenz-Hofmann Financial, in U.S. House of Representatives, Quota Increases of
the International Monetary Fund (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing
Office, 1991), 31. 35. Ronald W. Cox, "Corporate Coalitions and Industrial
Restructuring: Explaining Regional Trade Agreements," Competition and Changel,
1995.

[Footnote]
36. Jagdish Bhagwati, "Fast Track to Nowhere," The Economist, October 18,
1997.
37. C. Michael Aho, "Fortress Europe: Will the EU Isolate Itself from North
America and Asia?' Columbia Journal of World Business 29, 1994, 1. 38. Quoted in
Teresa Watanabe, `Japan Looks Homeward-Toward Asia," Los Angeles Times, October
21, 1994. 39. Sakakibara is paraphrased in Edward Neilan, "`Mr. Yen' Sees
Rebound," Journal of Commerce, February 9, 1999. 40. Ian Katz and John
Templeman, "Is Europe Blowing the U.S. Out of Latin America?" Business Week,
August 4,1997. 41. "At Daggers Drawn," The Economist, May 8, 1999. 42. Robert L.
Hutchins, American Diplomacy and the End of the Cold War, An Insider's Account
of U.S. Policy in Europe, 1989-1992 (Washington DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press,
1997), 159.

[Footnote]
43. Michael Lind, " A Plea for a New Global Strategy: Looking Past NATO,"
The New Leader, June 30, 1997.
44. John S. Duffield, "NATO's Function after the Cold War," Political
Science Quarterly 109, 1994, 12 (electronic version obtained through
Ebscohost).
45. Jonathan Clarke, "Replacing NATO," Foreign Policy, 1993, 6 (electronic
version from Ebscohost).
46. Thomas L. Friedman, "A Manifest for the Fast World," New York Times
Magazine, March 28, 1999, 65.

[Author note]
David N. Gibbs is an associate professor of political science at the
University of Arizona. He is the author of The Political Economy of Third
World Intervention: Mines, Money, and US. Policy in the Congo Crisis
(University of Chicago Press, 1991). He can be contacted at
<dgibbs at arizona.edu>.



Néstor Miguel Gorojovsky
gorojovsky at arnet.com.ar

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