Argentina's "Unity" of Socialists

Armand Diego causebellum at yahoo.com
Sat Sep 14 12:10:19 MDT 2002


Jose wrote:

This is from the Cuban press agency Prensa Latina.
Does anyone have any
insights into its significance?]

Answer:

The significant is minimal, the Cuban report contains
a number of mistakes and obviously does not make a
characterization of these groups.  See my comments
interspersed in the Cuban press release:


"Buenos Aires, Sep 13 (PL) Saturday, Argentinean
socialist forces will establish their fusion into one
party after more than 45 years of divisions, it was
confirmed in this capital."

Obviously, this is far from reality.  There are more
socialist organizations, with more members and
influence in the working class than those who are
fusing. 

"The rebirth of the Argentinean Socialist Party (PSA)
will be the result of the merger of the Authentic
Socialist Party and the Popular Socialist Party and
will be directed by leaders of both organizations:
Alfredo Bravo and Ruben Giustiniani as president and
General secretary, respectively."

Apparently, those fusing are attempting to call the
party the Socialist Party.  Period.  PSA was the name
of one of the factions in the 60s and 70s led by, I
believe, historian Gregorio Selzer and later by
others.
The announced fusion is betwen the Democratic
Socialist Party (PSD) - a right wing, anti-peronist,
very conservative organization and the Popular
Socialist Party (PSP), a formation mostly around the
MNR - Reformist National Movement- in college campuses
that held some wight until 10 years ago based on a
de-politicized, student service program in
universities around the country.  The Partido
Socialista Autentico, a phamtom group that was in
every coalition of the UCR (De La Rua party) was
actually no invited to the fusion and is bitterly
complaining about it.


"The formation of the new organization was decided
last June 28 with the signing of a document in the
city of Rosario. This took place on the occasion of
the 106th anniversary of the foundation of the first
PSA."

The first party at the end of the 1800s was called PS,
not PSA.  PSA is an acronym of a faction that split in
the 1950s (not sure the year)

"That text called for the new party to become "an
example of a great coalition to transform it into an
alternative able to carry out the changes demanded by
Argentinean society."

These are not working class organizations, but a
collection of conservative, right wing old style
social democrats that function, for all that matter,
as bourgeois parties... only small.

"The document was signed by observers from other South
American socialist parties including: Ricardo Nuñez
(Chilean Socialist Party), Reinaldo Gargano (Uruguayan
Socialist Party), Elio Alfredo Pieta (Brazilian
Workers Party) and Carlos Fllizola, president of País
Solidario de Paraguay."

This may give tha false impression that the fused
organization is somewhat officially representing
social democracy in Argentina.  Is not.  The PSD that
held that position was kicked out as section of the
2nd for being too righ wing in the 1950s (they
collaborated with the military government to intervene
and dismantle the Peronsit unions after the coup that
overthrew Peron).  Americo Ghioldi, its hsitorical
leader once said, referring to workers who were
resisting the coup: "the letter with blood will be
learned." (La letra con sangre se aprende).

"At the time, it was also decided that the new PSA
would support the candidacy of Elisa Carrio, leader of
the Alternative Party for a Republic of Equals, for
president in the elections scheduled for next
March."

I bet they won't have more than 1,000 at their
founding congress and I'm giving them an optimistic
leeway.

Both ther PSD and PSP were supporting Carrio for a
long time.  They supported the UCR of De La Rua
before.



By the way, the official section of social-democracy
in Argentina is the the UCR. Alfonsin, one of its
leaders, presided over the Latin America conference of
social democracy and is one of its international
Vice-chairs.

DA



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