Vietnam CP's Contribution to Athens meet June 19-20 June 2003

Fred Feldman ffeldman at bellatlantic.net
Sat Jul 19 13:05:06 MDT 2003




From: "Stasi" <stasi at lineone.net>

Subject: [Peoples War] CP of Vietnam: Contribution to the Athens
Meeting
19-20 June 2003

http://www




CP of Vietnam, Contribution to the Athens Meeting 19-20 June 2003
--------------------------------------------------

From: Communist Party of Vietnam

http://www.cpv.org.vn, mailto:perc at fpt.vn

=================================================



Speech

by head of the delegation of the Communist Party of Vietnam at the
international meeting on "the movements against the war and the
capitalist
globalization,

and the communists"



(Athens, 19-20 June 2003)



The following comments were given by the head of the Vietnamese
delegation to a
recent meeting of Communist parties in the Greek capital.

I find these comments interesting because they highlight that Vietnam
continues to pursue an overall foreign policy that is quite contrary
to that being followed by Washington, and much more so than being
pursued, for example, by China, not to mention by the regimes in the
Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.  Despite wide economic concessions to
the capitalist market (concessions contained in a few respects as a
consequence of popular protests), the foreign policy of Vietnam seems
driven substantially by concerns about preserving hardwon sovereignty
and independence in the face of growing imperialist military strength
and activism.

Of course, these common concerns (and not just affection arising out
of past
battles waged together, although this is also very important) help
explain why Vietnam and Cuba remain so close 28 years after the
victory of the Vietnamese revolution.

One little noticed fact is that a state of war in Indochina did not
end until the 1990s, when the peace agreement on Cambodia was signed.
This registered the defeat and the end of strong US support to
anti-Vietnamese forces in that country.  The pact effectively accepted
the dominance of the Cambodian forces that Vietnam had backed when it
invaded Cambodia in 1979 in response to a invasion of Vietnam begun
by the Pol Pot regime in 1977. And these forces have retained power
for more than a decade since without any direct Vietnamese help.
(Quite a contrast with the disastrous Soviet "aid" to Afghanistan!)
The pact led to the complete withdrawal of the Vietnamese forces which
had, as the saying goes, accomplished their "mission."

This anti-imperialist core of Vietnamese policy helps explain the
recent increase in tension around the issue of the remnants (mostly
descendants) of the Hmong army that the US organized to fight the
Laotian revolution.  Laos is a likely target if the imperialists seek
to set a new course against the Vietnamese revolution.

Seizing on any excuse to drag in my current reading, Vietnam's policy
course reminds me in important respects of the strategy of
"counterdependency" described by Michael Erisman in his excellent
book, "Buba's Foreign Relations in a Post-Soviet World," published by
the University Press of Florida.
Fred Feldman




Comrade Aleka Papariga, Secretary General of the Communist Party of
Greece,
Dear comrades and friends,
First of all, we would like to express our heartfelt thanks to the
Communist
Party of Greece for its initiative to organize this International
Meeting
which enables us to continue to meet and exchange views, thus
enhancing
mutual understanding, cooperation and solidarity between Parties. Let
me
extend to comrade Secretary General Aleka Papariga and other comrades
from
the Communist Party of Greece our thanks for your warm and thoughful
welcome
as well as the wonderful working conditions reserved for international
delegations. May I, on behalf of the CPV delegation, convey to
comrades and
friends here present the greetings of solidarity and friendship of the
Vietnamese Communists and people.

Dear comrades and friends,
The topic of this International Meeting touches upon burning issues of
the
world today: "The movements against the war and the capitalist
globalization, and the communists". These are issues with direct
impacts and
effects on peace, stability, security and development of all nations
and
humankind. Starting from the leading role of a party in the struggle
of the
working people in each country and coordination between Parties in the
international struggle for peace, national independence, democracy and
social progress, it is our opinion that an exchange of views on these
issues
between our Parties is an absolute essential.

Entering the 21st century, the international situation has witnessed
many
rapid and extremely complicated changes. Taking advantage of the war
on
terrorism, aggressive forces in the United States are hectically
implementing a new global strategy - "preemption". They have empowered
themselves the right to classify countries in the world and
unilaterally
launch attacks, even with nuclear weapons, against nations which they
consider a threat to U.S. security in order to establish U.S.
domination in
the world. By waging the local war with great intensity, overthrowing
President Saddam Hussein's regime and occupying Iraq, the U.S.
Administration has moved an important step further in its grand
strategic
calculations in the Middle East: to deter "rogue states"; promote
Western-style "democratization" in the region; support and ensure
security
for Israel; change the Mid-East situation in favor of the United
States;
establish an absolute control of oil reserves in the Middle East in
order to
dominate the world's oil market...etc. The implementation of new
strategy
and the war in Iraq will lead to severe consequences in the world's
politics
and economy: international relations will become more tense; national
independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of all nations
will
suffer an encroachment; peace and security in the world will be under
serious threat; the international economy will face greater problems,
and
the United Nations' role will be more seriously defied.

Being aware of those severe consequences, a wave of struggle of the
world's
people against the policy of power politics, unilateralism and
aggression,
against the war, for peace has exploded and widespread throughout the
world,
becoming the largest scale movement since the Movement of Solidarity
and
Support for Vietnam in the 1960s and 1970s of the 20th century. This
movement attracted the participation of not only peace-fighters, but
also
congressmen, political leaders, social activists, actors and writers,
political parties, peace movements, socio-political and
non-governmental
organizations of different countries. Along with this wave of
struggle, a
great number of meetings against the war in Iraq held by mass
organizations
and large groups of students took place in many universities,
provinces and
cities throughout Vietnam. The occurrence of a series of
demonstrations at
the same time in many different places worldwide is a vivid expression
of an
awakening of the independent and self-reliance spirit, the love for
peace
and justice of all nations, and the coordination of actions between
forces
against war, for peace, including the communist, workers' and left
parties.

Together with the struggle movement of the world's people for peace,
many
international and regional organizations such as the 13th Non-Aligned
Movement Summit, Arab Ministerial Meeting, General Assembly of the
Confederation of ASEAN Journalists...etc, also raised their voice
against
the war and requested that the Iraqi issue should be settled through
political solutions in compliance with the United Nations Charter and
international law.

The aforementioned manifestations show that though having deep changes
in
the international relations, peace and war have remained an important
topic
of our time, at the same time become one of the deep contemporary
subjects,
making contributions to forming new forces against the policy of power
politics and an increased tendency of the use of force and threat to
use
force in the imperialist international relations, for the world's
peace and
security, and for independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity
of all
nations. It is certain, however, that there remain a lot of things to
do
ahead of us so as to nurture, develop and enhance our struggle, and
consolidate our movement in terms of  politics, organization,
orientation
and mode of action in order to prevent the imperialist aggression.
This can
be a subject of our discussions at this International Meeting, as well
as at
other international fora.



Comrades and friends,
Imperialism is making full use of complicated developments in the
international situation and  its advantages in science and technology,
capital, managerial experience and market to dominate globalization
and
expand the capitalist economic relations throughout the world in order
to
establish a capitalist "new world order". Therefore, globalization,
with its
positive and negative aspects, has been deepening contradictions
between
imperialist conspiracy and power of domination and national
sovereignty of
all countries; among capitalist states and corporations themselves;
between
an increase in wealth and intensified oppression and exploitation, as
well
as unfair distribution which leads to an expanded rich and poor gap
between
capitalist developed countries, the world's economic centers and
developing
or underdeveloped countries; and within each nation.

To this end, it is our view that participation in globalization has
become a
long and complicated process of both cooperation and struggle. The
question
put forward developing countries like Vietnam will be as follows: if
we have
appropriate policies and steps, and are proactive to participate in
globalization and regionalization, we will be able to make use of its
positive aspects and restrict its negative features, and at the same
time
record better gains for our national interests. If we played a passive
role
in this process, we would make a mistake and not be immune to severe
consequences. Not only should the economy be undeveloped, but also
national
independence would be challenged. The danger of further dependence on
developed countries would also increase. However, whether this danger
will
come into reality or not depends on many concrete elements, especially
the
ability of each country to develop and bring into play its internal
strength, firmly maintain its principles, at the same time set forth
appropriate plans and steps in its participation in the economic
globalization.

Thus, the fight against "the capitalist globalization" has become an
important content of national and class struggle in the present world.
In
our opinion, all countries and nations, on the one hand, cannot help
participating in the economic globalization as an objective economic
process
which closely links with the development of productive forces of human
society. On the other hand, they cannot help struggling against
capitalist
influence and imposition on this process. All countries and nations
cannot
stand aside the struggle against the capitalist "new world order", for
an
equitable, democratic and just world based upon the fundamental
principles
of international relations: to strictly respect independence,
sovereignty,
territorial integrity, non-interference in the internal affairs of
nations,
the rights of self -determination and development paths of each
country's
own choice.

This struggle has increasingly become stronger. Its developments and
prospects will depend on many factors, especially the ability to form
a
common voice and concerted action of nations and peace-loving,
revolutionary
and progressive forces in the world. We strongly believe that the
solidarity, cooperation and coordination of action between our Parties
in
this struggle will be an extremely important factor.

Being aware of the on-going deep and major changes in Vietnam and the
world
at large, the Communist Party of Vietnam has mapped out the all-round
renewal policy, including the foreign policy of independence,
autonomy,
openness, multilateralization and diversification which aims at taking
advantage of the international favorable conditions created by the
revolution of science and technology and globalization, at the same
time
restricting and overcoming negative aspects of globalization, fighting
to
defeat the imperialist policy of power politics, imposition and
intervention, for the interests of socio-economic development, life
betterment for the people, acceleration of industrialization and
modernization, and for the implementation of the two strategic tasks -
building socialism and safeguarding the Fatherland, thus making an
active
contribution to the common struggle of the world's people for peace,
national independence, democracy and social progress.

With that in mind, we wish that our Parties will futher consolidate
and
strengthen the solidarity and coopeartion, enhance exchanges of
information
and views at bilateral and multilateral level, coordinate with each
other in
the regional and international arena, together striving for a world of
peace, stability, democracy, justice and development, and for national
independence and social progress for the sake of the working class and
different strata of the laboring population.

Thank you for your attention.



=================================================



Some Features Of The Current Situation In Vietnam

The IXth National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam has
decided to
accelerate the course of renewal, industrialization and modernization
which
aims at making Vietnam basically a modern-oriented industrialized
country by
2020. In the implementation of the renewal process, we consider
economic
development the central task and Party building the key task.



I. Socio-Economic Situation:

Despite many difficulties caused by the world's complicated political
and
economic developments, and by successive natural disasters, Vietnam
has
still recorded many important achievements: the economy continues to
develop. Last year, Vietnam's GDP grew by more than 7%, thus giving
fresh
impetus to job creation, life betterment for the people, continued
expansion
of international relations, and improvement of Vietnam's international
status. This positive posture has been maintained during the first
months of
this year 2003.

In order to ensure continued fast and sustainable economic growth, we
reserve high priorities for structural shift and improvement of
economic
efficiency and competitiveness; better settlement of social problems;
reduction of disparities among population strata and geographic areas;
acceleration of administrative reforms, and combat against corruption
and
bureaucratism.

We have been persevered in the foreign policy of independence,
autonomy,
openness, multilateralization and diversification of our external
relations.
Our foreign activity aims at firmly maintaining peace and a favorable
international environment for economic development, national building
and
safeguarding, proactive integration into the international and
regional
economy, promotion of peace, stability, cooperation for development in
Southeast Asia and the world as a whole.

Having persisted in our policy of multilateralization and
diversification of
international relations, we at the same time give high preference to
the
consolidation of cooperation with neighboring countries, the countries
in
ASEAN, Asia-Pacific, the European Union as well as other countries and
international and regional organizations.



II. About The Communist Party of Vietnam:

In 2003, we have been implementing Resolution of the IXth Party
Congress:
the Party plenums (from 2nd to 8th) after the National Congress
concretized
and developed the guidelines mapped out by the IXth Congress. We have
also
been carrying out Party building and rectification campaign in order
to
improve the leading competence and combativity of our Party; enhance
relations between the Party and people; ensure successful leadership
in the
renewal process; and practice democracy at grassroots level...etc.

Our Party has always attached importance to strengthening national
unity,
considering it a decisive factor for national development, and for the
goal
of "a prosperous people, a strong country, and an equitable,
democratic and
civilized society".









More information about the Marxism mailing list