killing of journalists

James Daly james.irldaly at
Sun May 4 03:51:54 MDT 2003

Killing prompts new war crime call
The killing of reporters in war zones should be made a new war crime
after the death of a British cameraman in Gaza, campaigners say.

James Miller, 34, from Devon, was shot in the southern troublespot of

Initial findings from an Israeli Defence Forces investigation into the
affair indicate that the correspondent was shot in the back, with
sources suggesting that he may have been hit by Palestinian gunfire.

The award-winning journalist was filming a documentary on the effect
of terrorism on children for the American cable giant HBO.

Another Briton who had been with Mr Miller said they were waving a
white flag and moving towards an Israeli armoured vehicle when it
opened fire.

Aidan White, general secretary of the International Federation of
Journalists, said the Israeli army must not be allowed to "brush
aside" Mr Miller's death with their "routine and callous expressions
of regret".

The Israeli army said it had returned fire after being attacked by
rocket-propelled grenades and expressed "sorrow at a civilian death".

But a spokesman added: "It must be stressed a cameraman who knowingly
enters a combat zone, especially at night, endangers himself."

Mr White, whose federation operates on behalf of about 500,000
journalists globally, said there must be a full inquiry into Mr
Miller's death, a call echoed by the Foreign Office.

"Killing journalists either deliberately or by gross negligence should
be made official war crimes under international law," he said.

"There is now an unstoppable wave of anger within journalism which is
calling for action to halt this process.

"The military authorities cannot any longer ignore the fact that
journalists in war zones and conflict areas are doing a legitimate and
important public duty and that special attention must be paid to their

Mr White said it was a "terrible irony" that Mr Miller died on World
Press Freedom Day.

A Foreign Office spokesman said: "We are in contact with the Israeli
authorities and pushing for a full and transparent investigation."

Mr Miller was born in Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, and had been
living in Devon with his wife and son.

The cameraman had won international acclaim for his documentary work
including Beneath the Veil - a film about life under the Taleban.

He was killed in Rafah, an area of Gaza on the southern border with
Egypt which is a site of frequent gun battles between Israeli soldiers
and Palestinian militants.

On Friday, the Israeli foreign ministry announced plans to crack down
on international "human shield" volunteers who have attempted to
prevent demolitions.

They started by detaining a member of the International Solidarity
Movement (ISM) in Rafah.

A British peace activist with the ISM is now in a coma after he was
shot in the head by an Israeli tank in Rafah last month.

Thomas Hurndall, 22, was believed to have been among a group of nine
activists who had to abandon their planned protest at a refugee camp
in Rafah when shooting started.

Two other peace activists were also wounded last month and a
23-year-old American was killed in March.

Story from BBC NEWS:

Published: 2003/05/04 04:02:27

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