An 8th grade education in 1895

Ralph Johansen michele at maui.net
Mon May 5 15:43:05 MDT 2003


   Fwd by Dan Kruse:
   Many of our grandparents, great grandparents and their
   contemporaries acknowledged that they only had an 8th grade
   education.

   Could many of us have passed the 8th grade in 1895? This is the
   eighth-grade final exam from 1895 Salina, KS. It was taken from the
   original document on file at the Smokey Valley Genealogical Society
   and Library in Salina, KS and  reprinted  by the Salina Journal.

   What does this say about the dumbing down in late US capitalist
   education? Need to know? Many of the expected areas of knowledge
   no longer extant may also no longer be relevant, many have to do with
   a rural society, the range of expected knowledge may be narrow, getting
   on as a yeoman farmer, qualifying for the expense and trouble of
   placement in high school with limited community resources, class, gender
   and ethnic tracking - but how does that really affect the significance of
the
   difference between education then and now for the prospects for a
   democratic society?

   If nothing else, the statement of an early 20th century person that
"she/he
   only had an 8th grade education" takes on a whole new meaning.

   Ralph
  ------------------------------------------------------
   Fwd by Dan Kruse:

          8th Grade Final Exam: Salina, KS - 1895

   Grammar ( Time, one hour )

   1. Give nine rules for the use of Capital Letters.
   2. Name the Parts of Speech and define those that have no
  modifications.
   3. Define Verse, Stanza and Paragraph.
   4. What are the Principal Parts of a verb? Give Principal Parts of
  do, lie, lay and run.
   5. Define Case, Illustrate each Case.
   6. What is Punctuation? Give rules for principal marks of
  Punctuation.
   7. Write a composition of about 150 words and show therein that you
understand the practical use of the rules of grammar.

   Arithmetic ( Time, 1.25 hours )
   1. Name and define the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic.
   2. A wagon box is 2 ft. deep, 10 feet long, and 3 ft.
      wide. How many  bushels of wheat will it hold?
   3. If a load of wheat weighs 3942 lbs., what is it worth at 50 cts.
bushel, deducting 1050 lbs. for tare?
   4. District No. 33 has a valuation of $35,000. What is the necessary
  levy to carry on a school seven months at $50 per month, and
  have $104 for incidentals?
   5. Find cost of 6720 lbs. coal at $6.00 per ton.
   6. Find the interest of $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7
percent.
   7. What is the cost of 40 boards 12 inches wide and 16 ft. long at
  $20 per metre?
   8. Find bank discount on $300 for 90 days (no grace) at 10 percent.
   9. What is the cost of a square farm at $15 per acre, the distance
  around which is 640 rods?
  10. Write a Bank Check, a Promissory Note, and a Receipt.

   U.S. History ( Time, 45 minutes )
   1. Give the epochs into which U.S. History is divided.
   2. Give an account of the discovery of America by Columbus.
   3. Relate the causes and results of the Revolutionary War.
   4. Show the territorial growth of the United States.
   5. Tell what you can of the history of Kansas.
   6. Describe three of the most prominent battles of the Rebellion.
   7. Who were the following: Morse, Whitney, Fulton, Bell, Lincoln,
  Penn and Howe?
   8. Name events connected with the following dates: 1607, 1620, 1800,
  1849 and 1865.

   Orthography ( Time, one hour )
   1. What is meant by the following: Alphabet, phonetic, orthography,
  etymology, syllabication?
   2. What are elementary sounds? How classified?
   3. What are the following, and give examples of each: Trigraph,
  subvocals, diphthong, cognate letters,linguals?
   4. Give four substitutes for caret 'u'.
   5. Give two rules for spelling words with final 'e'. Name two
  exceptions under each rule.
   6. Give two uses of silent letters in spelling. Illustrate each.
   7. Define the following prefixes and use in connection with a word:
  Bi, dis, mis, pre, semi, post, non, inter, mono, sup
   8. Mark diacritically and divide into syllables the following, and
  name the sign that indicates the sound: Card, ball, mercy, sir,
  odd, cell, rise, blood, fare, last.
   9. Use the following correctly in sentences, cite, site, sight, fane,
  lain, feign, vane, vain, vein, raze, raise, rays.
  10. Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate pronunciation
  by use of diacritical marks and by syllabication.

   Geography ( Time, one hour )
   1. What is climate? Upon what does climate depend?
   2. How do you account for the extremes of climate in Kansas?
   3. Of what use are rivers? Of what use is the ocean?
   4. Describe the mountains of North America.
   5. Name and describe the following: Monrovia, Odessa, Denver,
  Manitoba, Hecla, Yukon, St. Helena, Juan Fermandez, Aspinwall
  and Orinoco.
   6. Name and locate the principal trade centers of the U.S.
   7. Name all the republics of Europe and give capital of each.
   8. Why is the Atlantic Coast colder than the Pacific in the same
  latitude?
   9. Describe the process by which the water of the ocean returns to
  the sources of rivers.
  10. Describe the movements of the earth. Give inclination of the
  earth.






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