Demands to US, UN re Iraq occupation, 'reconstruction'
gasser at indiana.edu
Fri May 9 22:06:00 MDT 2003
I don't know whether you noticed, but the site has been hacked by people who
covered it with pro-Bush messages, US flags, and a link that takes you
automatically to the Israeli Foreign Ministry site.
Having people's messages appear on the website itself is a bad idea (even
without this problem, it takes forever to load as the list gets longer). Maybe
you can advise whoever put it up to change that. Don't know how to keep the
hackers out. I guess this is going to be happening more and more.
>Given the speed at which events are unfolding in Iraq, we felt the urgent
>to set out some basic demands that we, as peace and social justice
>should be putting to the US, the UK, the UN and the international community.
>We have consulted widely, including with Iraqi friends and activists from
>various social movements and campaigns, and we hope that the demands
>reflect a clear and common position that many will support.
>If you agree with the demands and would like to add your name or your
>organisation to the list, go to http://www.focusweb.org/demands/demands.html
>The statement will be presented to the "Iraq and the Global Peace Movement:
>What next?" conference in Jakarta, Indonesia, 19-21 May (see
>http://focusweb.org or email herbert at focusphilippines.org) and at the peace
>and anti-war movements events during the G8 in late May.
>We also hope that everyone endorsing the demands will use them in their own
>work against the war and for peace-building.
>Focus on the Global South
>INTERNATIONAL DEMANDS REGARDING THE INVASION,
>OCCUPATION AND "RECONSTRUCTION" OF IRAQ
>The US-lead invasion and occupation of Iraq is illegal
>In 1946, the Nuremberg Tribunal judged that "To initiate a war of aggression
>is not only an international crime; it is the supreme international crime
>only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulated
>of the whole."
>Consequently, we demand
>An immediate end to the illegal occupation of Iraq by the United States and
>the United Kingdom and the immediate withdrawal and removal of all foreign
>troops, military advisers and representatives, military equipment and
>We insist that:
>The Iraqi people have absolute and sovereign right to determine their own
>future and any decision about the need for international assistance rests
>with the Iraqis.
>The United States' and United Kingdom's occupation of Iraq is illegal, as is
>any administrative authority or interim government established by the
>occupying forces. Therefore, any decisions made by the occupying forces or
>their representatives are not binding on the Iraqi people.
>The UN-held escrow Iraqi oil account must not be used to foot the bill for
>reconstruction of the damage caused by the illegal war and UN sanctions. The
>funds must be held in trust for the Iraqi people until there is a legitimate
>genuinely representative government elected by the people.
>The United Nations and its agencies, other governments and non-
>governmental organisations should not serve as a cover to legitimise, or
>from, the illegal invasion and occupation of Iraq. Humanitarian aid must not
>e used to support or promote the military, political and economic objectives
>of the occupying force
>The UN, other governments and NGOs should not use their own resources or
>public money to fund human
>itarian assistance, aid, reconstruction or other development activities
>which are the legal and mor
>al responsibility of th
>e invading and occupying forces, nor should they characterise as "aid" that
>which is the entitlemen
>t of the Iraqi people
>The Iraqi people have sovereignty over all natural resources and utilities.
>The invading and occupy
>ing forces or their private sector proxies have no right to make any
>decisions about who controls o
>r benefits from the exp
>loitation of natural resources or the construction and delivery of basic
>services and utilities.
>The full costs of all reconstruction, compensation and reparations for the
>physical, social, econom
>ic, psychological, ecological, cultural and heritage destruction caused by
>the US-lead invasion of
>Iraq must be borne by t
>Reparations for the physical, social, economic, psychological, ecological,
>cultural and heritage lo
>ss, damage and suffering caused by the UN Security Council mandated
>sanctions must be borne by the
>Permanent Members of th
>e UN Security Council.
>In addition, reparations must be paid to all persons who have suffered
>physical, economic and psych
>ological loss and trauma resulting from twelve years of sanctions and the
>2003 invasion based on in
>dividual and collective
> claims and dispensed by an independent compensation tribunal.
>We call for
>A Peoples War Tribunal based on the Geneva Conventions and Nuremberg
>Tribunal principles and preced
>ents to investigate and prosecute the war crimes of, amongst others, George
>W. Bush, Donald Rumsfel
>d, Dick Cheney, Paul Wo
>lfowitz, Condoleeza Rice, Colin Powell, Tommy Franks, Tony Blair, Jack
>Straw, and John Howard.
>International sanctions on the aggressor nations for their illegal,
>preemptive attack on a sovereig
>The United States Government to desist from threats of force and use of
>against all sovereign nations.
>Focus on the Global South
>7 May 2003
>To endorse the demands, go to:
>Focus on the Global South (FOCUS)
>c/o CUSRI, Chulalongkorn University
>Bangkok 10330 THAILAND
>Tel: 662 218 7363/7364/7365/7383
>Fax: 662 255 9976
>E-mail: N.Bullard at focusweb.org
>Web Page http://www.focusweb.org
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