Cuba: some data
cdbrady at attglobal.net
Mon May 12 01:51:49 MDT 2003
A socialist Cuba has benefited the human condition.
We might anticipate that Cuba's history could put it in a relatively
privileged position vis a vis other colonial or erstwhile colonial and
now neo-colonized regions of Latin America. The island was conquered
and made a control center for the imperial holdings of the Spanish
crown, and remained Madrid's Pearl of the Antilles until it was plucked
by the United States in the Spanish-American War. One could say that
Cuba led the region in "development" by foreign enterprise and local
elites. But this development was not for the masses. An equitable
sharing of the island's resources only came about after the Revolution.
In the Western Hemisphere, no country experiences less inequality than
In the standard college textbook for introductory survey courses on
Modern Latin America, Thomas E. Skidmore and Peter H. Smith noted that
"those hopeless in capitalist Cuba had better lives in Revolutionary
Cuba." Max Azicri added, "The truth remains that Cuba's major social
indicators have no equal among Third World Nations and even sometimes
match highly industrialized Western countries." It was a symbolic New
Year in 1959 when people's needs were put before arbitrary
interpretations of human rights.
Tony Platt and Ed McCaughan observed, There is widespread agreement,
even among Cuba's critics, that in the areas of collective and
substantive rights, Cuba has made enormous progress in meeting its
population's basic needs regarding employment, education, health care,
and social services... Cuba's record of affirmative action and social
integration is a positive model worldwide.
Cuba's infant mortality rate, literacy rate, employment rate and life
expectancy is better than any other nation in the region. As I have
stated, even the Central Intelligence Agency acknowledges these facts.
The figures for cumulative variations in real income growth per capital
in Latin America for the 1980s shows the Cuban people benefited more
than any other.
Thomas E. Skidmore and Peter H. Smith, Modern Latin America, Third ed.,
(New York: Oxford, 1992 [1984, 1989]): 279.
Max Azicri, "The Rectification Process Revisited: Cuba's Defense of
Traditional Marxism-Leninism," Cuba in Transition: Crisis and
Transformation, Sandor Halebsky and John M. Kirk, eds., et al, (Boulder:
Westview Press, 1992): 42.
Tony Platt and Ed McCaughan, "Human Rights in Cuba: Politics and
Ideology," in Transformation and Struggle: Cuba faces the 1990s, by
Sandor Halebsky and John M. Kirk with Rafael Herndez, eds., (New York:
Praeger, 1990): 68.
Claes Brundenius, Table 10.1 "Some Reflections on the Cuban Economic
Model," Transformation and Struggle (Ibid.):144.
Louis A. Pérez, Jr., "socialist Cuba," Cuba: Between Reform and
Revolution, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988): 357-365.
Brundenius, Table 10.2, 145.
More information about the Marxism