mode of production 2
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Waistline2 at aol.com
Tue Nov 11 22:40:29 MST 2003
"The mode of production of material life conditions the social, political and
intellectual life process in general. . . At a certain stage of the
development of the material power of the productive forces of society, it comes in
conflict with the existing relations of production, or - what is but a legal
expression for the same thing - with the property relations within which they have
been at work hitherto. From forms of development of the productive forces
these relations turn into their fetters.
"Then begins an epoch of social revolution." (Marx Contribution to A
Critique of Political Economy - Preface.)
"The mode of production . . . At a certain stage of the development of the
material power of the productive forces . . . it (the material power of
production) comes in conflict with the existing relations of production - with the
property relations within which they have been at work hitherto."
Let us make property relations fundamental in the historical curve and see
"The mode of production (property relations and ownership rights) . . . At a
certain stage of the development of the material power of the productive
forces . . . it (the material power of production) comes in conflict with the
existing relations of production - with the property relations within which they
have been at work hitherto."
At first glance very little seems to change but the mobile aspect of the
equation is the spontaneous development of the mode of production - defined
primarily as material power of productive forces, or a definite technological
regime, which comes into conflict with the relatively stagnate property relations.
Articulating Marx outline of the revolutionary process the following way is
correct in American English. At any rate is not practically or historically
"Society is formed on the basis of the unity of productive forces and
productive relations. Productive relations are - embody, the laws defining property
and the relationship of people to property in the process of production. The
constant, spontaneous development of the productive forces eventually disrupts
this unity. An epoch of social revolution unfolds that creates new production
relations (the relationship of people to property in the process of production)
that reflect - expresses, the level of, and are compatible with, the newly
developed productive forces."
Marx further writes:
"Just as our opinion of an individual is not based on what he thinks of
himself, so can we not judge of such a period of transformation by its own
consciousness; on the contrary, this consciousness must be explained rather from the
contradictions of material life, from the existing conflict between the social
productive forces (THE TECHNOLOGICAL REGIME) and the relations of production
Further Marx states:
"No social order ever perishes before all the productive forces for which
there is room in it have developed; and new, higher relations of production never
appear before the material conditions of their existence have matured in the
womb of the old society itself. Therefore mankind always sets itself only such
tasks as it can solve; since, looking at the matter more closely, it will
always be found that the tasks itself arises only when the material conditions of
its solution already exist or are at least in the process of formation."
What is the meaning of the "social order?"
Answer: the mode of production in material life as it conditions the social,
cultural, political, etc.
What is the meaning of "higher relations of production never appear before
the material conditions of their existence have matured in the womb of the old
Answer: "Higher relations of production mean property relations and not an
abstract social relations or a concept of the mode of production with property
being the mobile aspect of the equation. This is why I personally use the term
"mediation" sparingly and prefer not using it at all.
Here is what Marx wrote above: "the existing relations of production, or -
what is but a legal expression for the same thing - with the property relations
within . . ."
This mean, "the existing relations of production, or - what is the same thing
- property relations."
What is the point? The technological regime defines the mode of production in
its fundamentality. We separate the primary aspects of the social process
called the "mode of production" so that we make sense to the workers and comrades
and evolve a materialist conception of history. We are of course dealing with
a process whose "unity and strife" means interpenetration (interactivity) and
eventual polarity - the coming apart of the primary aspects of the process
takes place because something fundamental changes in the process, which in turn
demands changes in all that dependent upon it. The form of property is changed
by the spontaneous development of the material power of production - the
technological regime and at a certain point in the entire process logic, property
itself faces dissolution - destruction and not simply a change in form.
This is the meaning of classes moving in antagonism and not merely
contradiction. Men and women as biological units move in contradiction - not antagonism,
in the philosophic meaning of the word. Antagonism basically means that in
the synthesis of a process - the emergence of a new qualitative definition and
its full development is predicated on the destruction - annihilation of both
aspects of the process from which it emerged. On this basis the new qualitative
definition begins to operate on the basis of it own unique signature or law
system. All qualitative changes are not movement in antagonism. However, society
moves in class antagonism.
All process development - logic, is not like growing a flower or butterfly
where one stage of resolution creates and becomes synthesis as the next stage.
Rather, class formations die - are liquidated as in the case of the
sharecropper, small farmers and the industrial proletariat - in the main, and then
property itself is destroyed as a category of history along with classes as
embodiment of property relations. People will still labor and the garbage will still
get picked up.
What compels this process forward - in its fundamentality, is the spontaneous
development of the technological regime. As this technological regime evolves
in history, the products of human labor become social products and these
social products acquire a commodity form because society begins exchanging a world
of different products as a societal subsistence function.
As the commodity form of the social product evolves, everyone starts using
the word "commodity" for short speak, but what is really meant is the commodity
form of the social products. Products with the commodity form increasing
becomes governed in exchange based on the amount of socially necessary human labor
put into its production and this law is called the law of value or the value
The technological regime further evolves and spontaneously calls forth a
radical different technology that begins to unravel and then destroy the
industrial organization of society and oust huge amounts of human labor from the
production process. A million cups produced in a factory with eight workers have no
real value or rather unravels the value form. One hundred million computers
made by ten thousand people have no real value or rather unravels the value
form. Produce created under the biogenetic regime that has in history, displaced
the slave, sharecropper, family farm, medium sized farmer, large-scale
industrial farmer and industrial agribusiness is valueless produce. Automotive
production, which once required 1.5 million workers to produce 12 million vehicles
now use 450,000 workers to produce 17 million vehicles is increasingly valueless
This process grows out of the technological regime - the mode of production
in material life, which has within it a distinct property relation, which moves
in antagonism with the mobile attributes of technology.
"Then begins an epoch of social revolution."
Here is the historical abstraction that drives changes from one mode of
production to another. It is the transition from one mode of production to another
- the technological regime, which compels society to leap to a new political
basis or property relations and finally destroy property as a category of
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