lnp3 at panix.com
Wed Sep 24 11:06:34 MDT 2003
In a Poll, Baghdad Residents Call Freedom Worth the Price
By PATRICK E. TYLER
BAGHDAD, Iraq, Sept. 23 — After five months of foreign military
occupation and the ouster of Saddam Hussein, nearly two-thirds of
Baghdad residents believe that the removal of the Iraqi dictator has
been worth the hardships they have been forced to endure, a new Gallup
Despite the systemic collapse of government and civic institutions, a
wave of looting and violence, and shortages of water and electricity, 67
percent of 1,178 Iraqis told a Gallup survey team that within five
years, their lives would be better than before the American and British
Polls: When Measuring is Manipulating
By Norman Solomon
Before decisions get made in Washington -- and even before most
politicians open their mouths about key issues -- there are polls. Lots
of them. Whether splashed across front pages or commissioned by
candidates for private analysis, the statistical sampling of public
opinion is a constant in political life.
We may believe that polls tell us what Americans are thinking. But polls
also gauge the effectiveness of media spin -- and contribute to it.
Opinion polls don't just measure; they also manipulate, helping to shape
thoughts and tilting our perceptions of how most people think.
Polls routinely invite the respondents to choose from choices that have
already been prepared for them. Results hinge on the exact phrasing of
questions and the array of multiple-choice answers, as candid players in
the polling biz readily acknowledge.
"Slight differences in question wording, or in the placement of the
questions in the interview, can have profound consequences," Gallup
executive David Moore wrote a few years ago in his book "The
Superpollsters." He observed that poll outcomes "are very much
influenced by the polling process itself." And in turn, whatever their
quality, polling numbers "influence perceptions, attitudes and decisions
at every level of our society."
The Marxism list: www.marxmail.org
PLEASE clip all extraneous text before replying to a message.
More information about the Marxism