[Marxism] Palestinian Groups Draft Plan to End Attacks on Civilians, Find Strategy
M. Junaid Alam
junaidalam at msalam.net
Wed Apr 7 20:25:15 MDT 2004
Last Update: 08/04/2004 04:36
Palestinian plan says no to attacks on civilians
By Arnon Regular, Haaretz Correspondent
The Hamas, Fatah and Islamic Jihad leaderships in Gaza have prepared a
draft "National Plan" that "emphasizes the right to use violence to
oppose the occupation and the settlements, while avoiding turning
civilians from either side into targets for attack."
The document, which summarizes the outcome of meetings between Abdel
Aziz Rantisi of Hamas, Ahmed Halas of Fatah, and representatives from
the Islamic Jihad and other, smaller armed political factions, is
regarded as a basis for negotiations between the PA and all the armed
factions for a mutually agreed leadership to control Gaza after Israel
The document sums up meetings that have been underway between the
faction leaders in recent weeks, climaxing on Saturday at a meeting of
the "Monitoring Committee of the National and Islamic Organizations."
At this stage, the document is a draft that binds nobody, but it is
being called a National Plan. It is the first such document prepared by
the Palestinians in response to the disengagement from Gaza, and broadly
deals with the issues raised during the hudna talks last year between
the PA, Hamas, Fatah and other armed groups.
The plan that emerges from the document is in effect a new hudna between
the Palestinian groups, in which the PA plays the main role but the
Hamas and other organizations are committed to the cease-fire. The
document does not yet detail any division of labor or forces between
Hamas and Fatah in the territories.
"The national and Islamic forces," says the document, "regard the
withdrawal of the occupation forces and the settlers from any part of
occupied Palestinian land as an achievement for our people's struggle
and its intifada.
"The forces support acceptance of security and administrative
responsibility by the PA in evacuated territories in the context of `an
agreed national plan,' but they vehemently oppose, and warn against, any
attempt to pay Israel for the withdrawal or to turn [the withdrawal]
into an alternative to the fulfillment of Israel's international
obligations, or granting false legitimacy to the separation fence, or to
the annexation or expansion of Israel's presence in the West Bank, or
avoiding full withdrawal from all the territories occupied in 1967."
According to the document, the Palestinians won't cease their armed
struggle after the withdrawal. "Any unilateral withdrawal won't bring
about stability so long as it is not part of an overall process of
ending the occupation and evacuating the settlements," says the paper.
The document calls on the Arab states and international community not to
negotiate with Israel over the disengagement plan and to avoid
discussing its details "since it is completely contradictory to
international legitimacy and its foundations."
The National Plan is described by the sides as "a unification of all the
forces, to translate the achievements of the intifada into political
facts and to deal with the unilateral steps of the Israeli government."
The document defines the joint strategic goals of the organizations as
"ending the Israeli occupation of the territories captured on June 5,
1967 and evacuation of the settlements and settlers from those
territories, the establishment of an independent state with full
sovereignty and its capital in Jerusalem on the areas of the aggression
of June 5, and full sovereignty in Arab Jerusalem's neighborhoods and
over the Christian and Islamic holy sites."
In addition, the document refers to the right of return as "preservation
of the rights of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes according
to UN resolution 194."
According to the document, the Hamas accepts the PA's supreme authority
as representing the Palestinians. The document calls the PLO the sole
legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and "the national
framework unifying the Palestinians in their homeland and outside it."
In addition the document details the organizations' joint tactical goals
for the Palestinians in the coming period. These include halting
construction of the separation fence and removing those sections already
built; Israeli redeployment to pre-intifada lines; lifting of closures
on the Palestinian cities and villages; dismantling the checkpoints;
ending the siege on Yasser Arafat; freeing Popular Front leader Ahmed
Sa'adat and Karin A treasurer Fuad Shubeiki from detention in Jericho;
ending settlement activity and dismantling the illegal outposts;
reopening the Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem; and seeking
international protection for the Palestinians.
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