[Marxism] Question: Maoism and Confucianism?
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Thu Apr 29 12:37:25 MDT 2004
Maoism or more accurately “Mao Tse Tung Thought,” is a brand name of
Marxism. It is a brand of Marxist doctrine because its theory premise is based on the
writings of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. Two books articulate this
premise, “On Practice” and “On Contradiction.” It is called “Mao Tse Tung Thought”
because as a doctrine it states itself to be an application of the Marxist
standpoint to the concrete conditions of Chinese society.
Before 1960 there did not exist a doctrine called “Mao Tse Tung Thought,”
although Mao had written 90% of the books and letters that would later emerge as
the doctrinal basis. From every point of view Mao is considered a great
thinker, one of the 20th Century great organizers – if not the greatest organizer
and leader of real people on earth in human history. Mao is considered one of
the great military thinkers and leaders in human history – by the doctrinal
leaders at America’s “West Point Academy.” His military writings were mandatory
readings. His grasp of events can be measured in writing “The Turning Point
in World War II.”
The “Long March” – led by Chairman Mao, is considered one of the great feats
in human history.
As an individual, the only other individuals to affect the course of history
on the scale of his impact – during the 20th Century, have been Karl Marx and
Frederick Engels, Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, and Henry Ford Sr.
“Mao Tse Tung Thought” has never defined itself as anything else other than
an application of the standpoint and doctrine of Marxism and Leninism to the
concrete conditions Chinese communist faced in their struggle for emancipation
from imperial exploitation and oppression and bourgeois property relations. As
such “Maoism” – as apparent to anyone that has actually read his writings,
is not a world view or philosophy, but incorporates into itself the history of
the evolution of philosophy in China, by definition.
“Mao Tse Tung Thought” emerged as a doctrine based on several factors. The
most important is the political riff that took place between the Soviet Union’s
ruling political bodies – Communist Party Soviet Union (CPSU) and the ruling
Chinese Communist Party (CPC). This split is called the “Sino-Soviet”
dispute and occurred as the result of events in 1956. The 20th Congress of the CPSU
was held in 1956 and Nikita Khrushchev denounced all of the fundamental
tenements of Marx doctrine under the banner of fighting Stalinism. The most
fundamental of these tenements is the concept of the “dictatorship of the proletariat”
as the property form to a transition to communism. Nikita – the buffoon and
idiot without any personal merits, declared that the Soviet State power no
longer was a dictatorship of the proletariat but rather, a dictatorship of the
The leadership of the CPC opposed this proposition. There was a series of
propositions put forth by the Soviet Party opposed by the CPC and on this basis
the polarization within the world communist movement took place. Mao Tse Tung
Thought as a doctrine emerged in the theoretical struggles that took place
between the CPSU and the CPC.
In as much as much of the writing of Chairman Mao consolidate the doctrine of
Peoples War and military strategy and tactics against imperial intrusion, it
quickly gained a following in areas of the world under imperial domination –
the so-called less developed countries. Chairman Mao writings were widely
distributed and articles like “The Encirclement and Suppression Campaign” speak to
Within the United States a large group of youth people – primarily white
students were in social protest and anti-Soviet to varying degrees and for a
complex of reasons. A section of they gravitated to Mao Tse Tung Thought. In
Detroit we opened a bookstore called “China-Albania Bookstore” – to the regret of
Nelson Perry and others leaders in our group, to express what side of the
polarity between the CPSU and the CPC we supported. The bookstore in Chicago had a
name like “Better Read,” and names like “Liberation Bookstore.”
Mao Tes Tung Thought is a series of writings by Chairman Mao documenting the
military and political struggle in China and the polemics that took place
between the CPSU and the CPC., although these polemics do have carry the signature
of Mao Tse Tung.
Mao’s personal contribution to the theoretical heritage of Marxism is said to
be his writing, “On the Correct Handling of Contradictions among the People.”
Although our particular group did not view this as a contribution to
theoretical Marxism, we did not make our view public until 1978 in a series of
articles on the underlying concepts of “The correct . . .”
Obviously, the revolution in China has altered world history and its impact
will be felt for perhaps 200 years. Its leader was Mao Tse Tung. He is recorded
in history as a great thinking, military leader, organizer and leader of over
a billion people. The failure of many of his economic polices do not
diminished the fact of his accomplishments.
My personal judgment is that 10% bad or wrong is an incredible “batting
Political Trotskyism is connected to Leon Trotsky. Leon Trotsky was one of
the great leaders of the insurrections that crowned the social revolution in
Russia. Before the Russian Revolution or as it is called the 1917 October
Revolution, the many writing of Leon Trotsky consisted the most militant and
revolutionary aspiration of the industrial middle class in Russia, according to
Vladimir Lenin. Mr. Lenin was and remains the undisputed leading revolutionary
theorist of the 20th Century.
Political Trotskyism – in distinction to Mao Tse Tung Thought, is connected
with no victory of the revolutionary movement in any country on earth, or
sector of the working class movement on earth. Consequently it has had immense
difficulty in establishing its theoretical validity as a doctrine. Mao Tse Tung
Thought claims to rest on Marx and military victory, while political Trotskyism
claims to rest upon a theory of “permanent revolution,” advanced by Mr.
Trotsky. One can consult the writings of Lenin on this question and his polemics
against the theory and politics of Mr. Trotsky.
Trotskyism in every country on earth was distinguished by its political
demand – from the extreme left, for Regime change in the Soviet Union until the
overthrow of Soviet Power.
Political Trotskyism emerged as an anti-Soviet political trend after the
expulsion of Mr. Trotsky from the Soviet Union and merged with the general
anti-Soviet politics and ideology of the militant imperial bourgeoisie.
Without question Leon Trotsky was a brilliant spokesperson, leader and
theoretician of middle class (petty bourgeois) aspirations – according to Lenin.
After his expulsion he became the most hostile champion for the overthrow of the
political form of Soviet power – called Stalinism, by the adherents of this
ideology. Hitler congratulated and spoke highly of Trotsky in the first printing
of “Mien Kamf” – “MY Life.”
The internal logic of political Trotskyism can best be described by the
students of Trotskyism. In America this political trend is characterized by endless
bickering and splitting of any organization that proclaims this their
ideology. In the last period of our history (1960 – 1995) virtually all the
Trotskyite grouping in America were composed primarily of white middle class students
in the North of the American Union.
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