[Marxism] Question: Maoism and Confucianism?

Waistline2 at aol.com Waistline2 at aol.com
Thu Apr 29 12:37:25 MDT 2004


Maoism or more accurately “Mao Tse Tung Thought,” is a brand name of 
Marxism. It is a brand of Marxist doctrine because its theory premise is based on the 
writings of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. Two books articulate this 
premise, “On Practice” and “On Contradiction.” It is called “Mao Tse Tung Thought” 
because as a doctrine it states itself to be an application of the Marxist 
standpoint to the concrete conditions of Chinese society. 
 
Before 1960 there did not exist a doctrine called “Mao Tse Tung Thought,” 
although Mao had written 90% of the books and letters that would later emerge as 
the doctrinal basis.  From every point of view Mao is considered a great 
thinker, one of the 20th Century great organizers – if not the greatest organizer 
and leader of real people on earth in human history. Mao is considered one of 
the great military thinkers and leaders in human history – by the doctrinal 
leaders at America’s “West Point Academy.” His military writings were mandatory 
readings.  His grasp of events can be measured in writing “The Turning Point 
in World War II.” 
 
The “Long March” – led by Chairman Mao, is considered one of the great feats 
in human history. 
 
As an individual, the only other individuals to affect the course of history 
on the scale of his impact – during the 20th Century, have been Karl Marx and 
Frederick Engels, Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, and Henry Ford Sr. 
 
“Mao Tse Tung Thought” has never defined itself as anything else other than 
an application of the standpoint and doctrine of Marxism and Leninism to the 
concrete conditions Chinese communist faced in their struggle for emancipation 
from imperial exploitation and oppression and bourgeois property relations. As 
such “Maoism” – as apparent to anyone that has actually read his writings, 
is not a world view or philosophy, but incorporates into itself the history of 
the evolution of philosophy in China, by definition. 
 
“Mao Tse Tung Thought” emerged as a doctrine based on several factors. The 
most important is the political riff that took place between the Soviet Union’s 
ruling political bodies – Communist Party Soviet Union (CPSU) and the ruling 
Chinese Communist Party (CPC).  This split is called the “Sino-Soviet” 
dispute and occurred as the result of events in 1956. The 20th Congress of the CPSU 
was held in 1956 and Nikita Khrushchev denounced all of the fundamental 
tenements of Marx doctrine under the banner of fighting Stalinism. The most 
fundamental of these tenements is the concept of the “dictatorship of the proletariat”
 as the property form to a transition to communism. Nikita – the buffoon and 
idiot without any personal merits, declared that the Soviet State power no 
longer was a dictatorship of the proletariat but rather, a dictatorship of the 
people. 
 
The leadership of the CPC opposed this proposition. There was a series of 
propositions put forth by the Soviet Party opposed by the CPC and on this basis 
the polarization within the world communist movement took place. Mao Tse Tung 
Thought as a doctrine emerged in the theoretical struggles that took place 
between the CPSU and the CPC. 
 
In as much as much of the writing of Chairman Mao consolidate the doctrine of 
Peoples War and military strategy and tactics against imperial intrusion, it 
quickly gained a following in areas of the world under imperial domination – 
the so-called less developed countries. Chairman Mao writings were widely 
distributed and articles like “The Encirclement and Suppression Campaign” speak to 
his genius. 
 
Within the United States a large group of youth people – primarily white 
students were in social protest and anti-Soviet to varying degrees and for a 
complex of reasons. A section of they gravitated to Mao Tse Tung Thought. In 
Detroit we opened a bookstore called “China-Albania Bookstore” – to the regret of 
Nelson Perry and others leaders in our group, to express what side of the 
polarity between the CPSU and the CPC we supported. The bookstore in Chicago had a 
name like “Better Read,” and names like “Liberation Bookstore.” 
 
Mao Tes Tung Thought is a series of writings by Chairman Mao documenting the 
military and political struggle in China and the polemics that took place 
between the CPSU and the CPC., although these polemics do have carry the signature 
of Mao Tse Tung.  
 
Mao’s personal contribution to the theoretical heritage of Marxism is said to 
be his writing, “On the Correct Handling of Contradictions among the People.”
  Although our particular group did not view this as a contribution to 
theoretical Marxism, we did not make our view public until 1978 in a series of 
articles on the underlying concepts of “The correct . . .” 
 
Obviously, the revolution in China has altered world history and its impact 
will be felt for perhaps 200 years. Its leader was Mao Tse Tung. He is recorded 
in history as a great thinking, military leader, organizer and leader of over 
a billion people.  The failure of many of his economic polices do not 
diminished the fact of his accomplishments. 
 
My personal judgment is that 10% bad or wrong is an incredible “batting 
average.” 
 
Political Trotskyism is connected to Leon Trotsky. Leon Trotsky was one of 
the great leaders of the insurrections that crowned the social revolution in 
Russia. Before the Russian Revolution or as it is called the 1917 October 
Revolution, the many writing of Leon Trotsky consisted the most militant and 
revolutionary aspiration of the industrial middle class in Russia, according to 
Vladimir Lenin. Mr. Lenin was and remains the undisputed leading revolutionary 
theorist of the 20th Century. 
 
Political Trotskyism – in distinction to Mao Tse Tung Thought, is connected 
with no victory of the revolutionary movement in any country on earth, or 
sector of the working class movement on earth. Consequently it has had immense 
difficulty in establishing its theoretical validity as a doctrine. Mao Tse Tung 
Thought claims to rest on Marx and military victory, while political Trotskyism 
claims to rest upon a theory of “permanent revolution,” advanced by Mr. 
Trotsky. One can consult the writings of Lenin on this question and his polemics 
against the theory and politics of Mr. Trotsky. 
 
Trotskyism in every country on earth was distinguished by its political 
demand – from the extreme left, for Regime change in the Soviet Union until the 
overthrow of Soviet Power.  
 
Political Trotskyism emerged as an anti-Soviet political trend after the 
expulsion of Mr. Trotsky from the Soviet Union and merged with the general 
anti-Soviet politics and ideology of the militant imperial bourgeoisie. 
 
Without question Leon Trotsky was a brilliant spokesperson, leader and 
theoretician of middle class (petty bourgeois) aspirations – according to Lenin. 
After his expulsion he became the most hostile champion for the overthrow of the 
political form of Soviet power – called Stalinism, by the adherents of this 
ideology. Hitler congratulated and spoke highly of Trotsky in the first printing 
of “Mien Kamf” –  “MY Life.” 
 
The internal logic of political Trotskyism can best be described by the 
students of Trotskyism. In America this political trend is characterized by endless 
bickering and splitting of any organization that proclaims this their 
ideology. In the last period of our history (1960 – 1995) virtually all the 
Trotskyite grouping in America were composed primarily of white middle class students 
in the North of the American Union. 
 
 
Melvin P. 


 



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