[Marxism] Guatemalan "paramilitaries" to be compensated for their employment

Brian Shannon Brian_Shannon at verizon.net
Fri Aug 20 08:51:18 MDT 2004

Former paramilitaries say they were forced into service by the army

Guatemala says it will pay at least $420m to paramilitaries who battled 
rebels during the country's civil war. The former fighters, who 
activists say are responsible for war crimes, had threatened to 
paralyse the country if Congress did not approve the payments.

The paramilitaries have been demanding compensation since they were 
disbanded in 1996 at the end of the central American state's civil war. 
The government says it will pay about $600 to each of about 700,000 
fighters. Paramilitary groups say 1.3 million people are entitled to 

In approving the payments Congress overturned a ruling by the country's 
highest court last year which had declared the payment of the fighters 

Massacre allegations

The former militia members have been putting pressure on the government 
to pay them for months, threatening to blockade roads and shut 
airports. "We are satisfied that we have overcome this crisis," said 
Felipe Yaxon, leader of one of the paramilitary groups, according to 
Reuters news agency.

Human rights activists say the former paramilitaries were behind some 
of the country's worst war crimes, including massacres, rapes and 
tortures. More than 200,000 people disappeared or were killed during 
the 36-year civil war.

Members of the Civilian Self-Defence Patrols, which were set up in 1982 
during the civil war, were unpaid and supposedly volunteers but many 
say they were forced to serve. "We had no choice, either we patrolled 
for up to 24 hours at a time or the army killed us," one former 
paramilitary fighter, Erasmo Ramirez, told Reuters.

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