[Marxism] "Visible Hand" (Wall Street Journal on Venezuela)

Carlos A. Rivera cerejota at optonline.net
Mon Dec 27 02:49:17 MST 2004

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Walter Lippmann" <walterlx at earthlink.net>

> It's no surprise that Washington is
>going ballistic against the growing ties between Venezuela and
>Cuba, a few of which are detailed in this report.

I'll think cuba is the least of worries. Not to take away from the 
compañer at s, but China is tad more worrisome than Cuba to US imperialism, I 
would think.

- sks

(various related news stories, AP, Reuters, Xinhua and Prensa Latina)

Venezuela to give China greater oil access

BEIJING -- President Hugo Chavez, seeking to reduce Venezuela's dependence 
on selling oil to the United States, said Friday his country will give China 
greater access to its oil and natural gas resources.
Chavez, on a five-day visit to China, signed new agreements with Beijing 
allowing Chinese companies to explore for oil, set up refineries and produce 
natural gas in the South American country.

Venezuela, the world's fifth-largest petroleum exporter and a main supplier 
of the United States, is also offering to supply China with 120,000 barrels 
of fuel oil a month, Chavez told Venezuelan state-run radio.

China is eager to secure new sources of energy for its booming economy, 
which is struggling with power shortages. Venezuela wants to find new 
customers to reduce reliance on the United States, its No. 1 market but also 
a critic of Chavez's six-year-old government.

"We have been producing and exporting oil for more than 100 years but they 
have been years of dependence on the United States," Chavez said at a 
meeting of Venezuelan and Chinese entrepreneurs. "Now we are free and we 
make our resources available to the great country of China."

Venezuela sells 60 percent of its crude oil exports to the United States. 
The deals with China will not mean any reductions of those exports in the 
short term.

Venezuela and China agreed to jointly develop Venezuelan oil fields, with 
Chinese companies invited to explore for oil off Venezuela's northern coast 
and set up oil refineries along its Orinoco River.
Chinese firm, which have been operating in Venezuela for several years, will 
also be authorized to explore for crude in fifteen oil fields and produce 
natural gas.

"Venezuela is bringing China a great energy offer because China has become 
the second largest importer of energy on the planet," Chavez said at a news 
conference in Beijing after meeting with Chinese President Hu Jintao.

Chavez said fuel exported to China would be used "to generate more 
electricity because we understand that some areas of China are short of 

Chavez's visit to Beijing is part of a campaign to build up trade and 
political ties with new diplomatic partners that has taken him to Russia, 
Africa and the Middle East.

On Friday, Chavez met with Premier Wen Jiabao and Vice President Zeng 
Qinghong. Details weren't immediately released.

In return for access to oil, China is promising Venezuela technical and 
economic aid to boost agricultural output and to start a state-run 
telecommunications company.


Chavez ponders Mao and Bolivar friendship
Fri Dec 24, 2004 10:33 AM ET

BEIJING (Reuters) - Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez has blasted U.S. 
imperialism, called capitalism the road to hell and said Mao Zedong and 
Venezuela's 19th century independence hero Simon Bolivar would have been 
mates had they met.

Addressing students and teachers at Peking University, one of China's top 
schools, the charismatic Chavez won warm applause and chuckles on Friday 
when he declared himself to have been a Maoist from the time he was a child.

"I think if Mao Zedong and Bolivar had known each other they would have been 
good friends because their thinking was similar," said Chavez, who quoted 
the late Chairman Mao several times.

"Their inspiration came from the same place. It came from 
humanitarianism...I think if Bolivar had come to China he would have become 
a socialist," Chavez said speaking in Spanish through a Chinese translator.

Chavez is visiting China hoping to boost China's investment in his country's 
oil and gas sector. Venezuela, an OPEC member, is the world's fifth-largest 
oil exporter.

Chavez is known to lambaste his critics in long, rambling speeches that mix 
government business with personal anecdotes, songs and poems.

The U.S. government is a favourite target and in Beijing he blamed his 
troubles in 2002-2003 on the United States.

"The thunder and lightening was created by Washington, this I must say," he 
said to cheers from a group of student supporters in the audience from Latin 

"This is U.S. imperialism. It wants to become the master of the American 
continent, but Venezuela's people are the real masters of Venezuela."

Leftist Chavez survived a coup in 2002 and a gruelling oil industry strike a 
year later. He easily won a referendum on his rule this August.

Chavez on Friday pledged to deepen his self-styled "Bolivarian Revolution" 
and continue to build a socialist society in Venezuela.

"Capitalists believe in an unequal society. Capitalism is the champion of 
inequality," he said.
"Capitalism is the road that leads to hell."

But he won his most ringing applause when he re-affirmed Venezuela's support 
for a "one China" policy and opposition to Taiwan independence.

Beijing maintains that Taiwan is a part of China's territory and has vowed 
to reunite the self-governed island with the motherland, by force if 

© Copyright Reuters 2004.


      Energy cooperation between Venezuela and China promising: Chavez

      www.chinaview.cn 2004-12-24 20:48:38

          BEIJING, Dec. 24 (Xinhuanet) -- Visiting Venezuelan President Hugo 
Rafael Chavez Frias said here Friday that Venezuela and China willhave a 
bright future for their energy cooperation as the two countries enjoy sound 
political relations and China's economy is developing rapidly.

          The two countries have made significant progress in energy 
cooperation since the two nations vowed to establish a bilateral strategic 
partnership of common development in 2001, Chavez told an audience of nearly 
50 businessmen attending a China-Venezuela business talk.

          "The progress is the result of Chinese and Venezuelan leaders' 
strong commitment and businessmen's vigorous push," he said.

          According to Chavez, his visit witnessed the signing of a package 
of energy cooperation agreements between Venezuela and China.

          The Venezuelan government will grant Chinese companies production 
permits to explore oil in Venezuela's oil-bearing blocks.

          Chavez also pledged to support Chinese companies' involvement in 
the exploration of the off-shore natural gas fields in Venezuela.

          Noting Venezuela is planning to form a state-owned petrochemical 
corporation, Chavez said, "We welcome China to help build this plant."

          Moreover, Venezuela welcomed China to join hands for the 
construction of an oil pipeline reaching ports along the Pacific, he said.

          Venezuela also boasts numerous business opportunities in 
agriculture, railway mining, housing, tourism and telecom, Chavez said. 
"Chinese companies are encouraged to invest in these areas."

          Chavez arrived here Thursday morning for a five-day state 
visit.This is his third state visit to China. Enditem


      Venezuelan president visits east China province

      www.chinaview.cn 2004-12-25 23:28:49

          JINAN, Dec. 25 (Xinhuanet) -- Venezuelan President Hugo Rafael 
Chavez Frias arrived here Saturday on a visit to east China's Shandong 

          Zhang Gaoli, chairman of the Standing Committee of the provincial 
People's Congress, and Provincial Governor Han Yuqun met Chavez after his 

          Zhang said Shandong is an important province of China, and 
Shandong's Yankuang Group and Gold Group have several cooperative projects 
in Venezuela. Chavez's visit is expected to promote cooperation in relevant 

          Zhang also extended Christmas greetings to Chavez and his 

          Chavez said Shandong plays an important role in Venezuela-China 
relations. The railway project implemented by Yankuang Groupin Venezuela 
will boost the economy in the areas along the line. He hoped both sides 
further cooperate in the sectors of energy, agriculture and small and 
medium-sized enterprises.

          This is the second leg of Chavez's visit to China. He arrived in 
Beijing on Thursday for his third visit to China.

          During his stay in Beijing, Chavez held talks or met with Chinese 
President Hu Jintao, Chairman Wu Bangguo of the Standing Committee of the 
National People's Congress, Premier Wen Jiabao and Vice President Zeng 

          He also attended the China-Venezuelan business talk, a statue 
erection ceremony and delivered a speech at Beijing University. Enditem


Venezuelan President Unveils Bust of Simon Bolivar in Beijing

Beijing, Dec 24 (Prensa Latina) Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez unveiled a 
bust of his country´s National Hero Simon Bolivar on Friday in Beijing, in 
one of the most busy parks here.

The bronze work, by Chinese painter and sculptor Yaun Xikun, was placed a 
few meters from a bust of Cuban National Hero Jose Marti in the gardens of 
the Jintai museum, in the metropolitan Chaoyang Park. The two works are 
considered symbols of Latin American unity, which both heroes advocated with 
strong determination.

After unveiling the bust, Chavez laid a Venezuelan flag made of flowers in 
front of it and shortly after, paid tribute to Jose Marti, by placing a 
wreath in front of the bust of the Cuban hero. Chinese authorities, 
ambassadors, and Latin American representatives, among other guests, 
attended the ceremony.

As part of the today´s agenda, Chavez also met with business people, visited 
the University of Beijing, where he talked with Chinese students, and plans 
to meet with Chinese Vice President Zeng Qinghong, and Prime Minister Wen 

Meantime, the Venezuelan press today headlined the agreements both countries 
signed Thursday in important fields such as energy, agriculture, mining, 
railroad, economy, and technology. Several press stories rated them as a 
major step boosting bilateral economic and commercial cooperation.

On Saturday, the Venezuelan leader plans to meet with his Chinese 
counterpart to then travel to the eastern province of Shandong, from where 
he will fly back to his country on Sunday.


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