[Marxism] "The American Socialist"

Bill Mandel wmmmandel at earthlink.net
Fri Feb 27 17:10:11 MST 2004

Hunter: Didn't realize you and I were contributors to "The American
Socialist" at about the same time. I had a piece in it, December 1956,
"Trouble Ahead in Russia?" Here are a some quotes:
    "Some will call it ridiculous to compare the mighty Soviet Union,
standing 39 years as the result of a revolution made by its own people,
with the fragile Communist regimes of Poland and Hungary."
    "The Soviet people are simply not consulted on any matter of BASIC
    "The trouble is that just a little freedom is truly a dangerous
thing, cliché or no. When the Poles got some freedom, they wanted to DO
something with it. They wanted to be free to change POLICY.
    "But how can Khrushchev and Company understand this: they who made
their peace with Stalin for so many years, the while they hated him?
They learned to rule with contempt for the people, and they still show
this in the crudest kind of 'explanations' in home affairs."
    "Is it logical to suppose that the Russians want a rubber-stamp
parliament [Supreme Soviet] any more than the Poles or Hungarians?"
    "What then will happen in the Soviet Union? There will be no
solution until the people themselves can make such basic decisions....It
is immaterial, in my opinion, nor can it be predicted, whether they will
solve the problem by restoring freedom of dissent within a single
party...with an outspoken parliament, and the government itself doing
the governing, instead of the party, or whether some other solution will
be found."
    "The various Republics constituting the USSR have been given added
autonomy of real significance. Here, too, the question is whether it is
enough, or whether they will not wish to set basic policy."
    I did not expect it to be 35 years before the "trouble" occurred,
led by people none over tweny years old when I wrote that piece, and
some literally just born. I certainly did not expect that it would
involve returning to capitalism.
                            William (Bill) Mandel

My autobiography, SAYING NO TO POWER (Introduction by Howard Zinn), is 
a history of how the American people fought to defend and expand its
rights since the 1920s (I'm 85) employing the form of the life of a 30s
AND 60s activist, one who was involved in most serious movements:
student, labor, 45 years of efforts to prevent war with the USSR, civil
rights South and North, women's liberation [my late wife appears on 50
pages], 37 years on Pacifica Radio [where I invented talk radio], civil
liberties. You may hear/see my testimony before the three different
McCarthy-Cold-War-Era witch-hunting committees [used in six films and a
play]) on my website, http://www.billmandel.net  I am the author of five
books in my academic field, and have taught at UC Berkeley and
   The publisher has gone out of business. I have 130 copies remaining.
For an autographed copy, send me $24 at 4466 View Pl.,#106, Oakland, CA.

-----Original Message-----
From: redyouth-bounces at ypsl.org [mailto:redyouth-bounces at ypsl.org] On
Behalf Of Hunter Gray
Sent: Friday, February 27, 2004 7:29 AM
To: Red Youth; SNCC; Marxism Discussion
Subject: [REDYOUTH] Radioactive water at Navajo

Note by Hunter Bear:

For background on the continuing uranium tragedies at Navajo Nation and
environs, see several things I've written -- including my September 1957
article in The American Socialist and another of mine in the July 22
issue of Labor Notes. Also included in this compendium is my relatively
recent, related piece on the now former [corrupt] tribal chairman, Peter
MacDonald.  http://www.hunterbear.org/a_native_rights_sampling.htm

In the Spring, 1980, increasingly disturbed about widespread stomach
ailments, some of them increasingly serious, at Navajo Community College
[Dine' College], we looked into the possibilities of old uranium mines
the Lukachukai Mountains [Chuska Range] immediately above the College --
the source of our water supplies.  We found several old, abandoned mines
with tailings spill-offs -- pointing directly into our water sources.
Immediately, we asked the Feds for a water check but got only a laconic
white-wash.  I then sent water samples to a very reputable lab in the
East -- which gave us an extremely grim assessment. We made and posted
hundreds of copies of that report. This led to official promises of
action and some belated efforts.  In the meantime, water filter use at

Navajo and Laguna loss of life has been extremely heavy for decades --
stemming from uranium mining, milling and refining.  All of that is
continuing along with great livestock loss and massive environmental

While all of this has been going on, people in Nevada, extreme Northern
Arizona, Central/Southern Utah, and even into parts of Idaho and Wyoming
continue to die as a result of  nuclear testing and radioactive fall-out
and from Desert Rock, Nevada in the late 1940s, 1950s, 1960s.

Hunter [Hunter Bear][John R Salter, Jr]

Church Rock wells are radioactive  2/26/04
By Kathy Helms
Diné Bureau

FORT DEFIANCE â?" Two unregulated wells out of 12 tested in the Church
area in October, exceed safe drinking water standards for radioactive
contaminants, while a third exceeds safe levels for arsenic, according
Gerald Brown, project administrator for the Church Rock Uranium

Tuesday evening, chapter residents were presented information from the
well-sampling project, an ongoing radon monitoring program, and an
year-long air particulate monitoring project.

Brown said field reconnaissance for the water sampling was conducted in
and August 2003, with samples actually collected in August and October.
sampling program was a joint effort of a water assessment team made up
Church Rock Chapter officials and representatives from Navajo Nation
Resources, Navajo Nation Environmental Protection Agency, New Mexico
Environmental Department, Southwest Research and Information Center,
Environmental Protection Agency in Las Vegas, and the University of New

"Unregulated water resources was their target," Brown said. "Water in
wells are not regulated, tested, or treated to be safe for human
consumption. It's called livestock-only wells. Those are windmills,
developed springs, and drilled wells." The Navajo Nation discourages
consumption from livestock wells.

"The wells were evaluated for human, domestic, and livestock use. Some
the wells were near abandoned mines," Brown said. In all, 13 wells were
chosen but at the time of sampling, one well was dry.

During Tuesday night's meeting, Perry Charley of Din College's Uranium
Education Program in Shiprock, translated information presented by Chris
Shuey of Southwest Research.

"Eight wells in the Church Rock Chapter area were sampled," Brown said,
along with two in Coyote Canyon Chapter, two in Pinedale Chapter, and
one in
Standing Rock Chapter. The results were classified into three separate
categories: good water, hard/salty water, and bad water.

Only one well out of the total 12 wet wells sampled made it into the
category. "Well 16T-559, a windmill located in southern Church Rock
on a hill near a mine, met all primary and secondary drinking water
standards except secondary standards for pH. The water may have a slight
alkaline taste, (but) it does not pose any health hazards to people,"

Even so, there are other matters that must be taken into consideration.
did not test for bacteria solutions, oils and gas. This well is located
south of Sundance in the old mining area. Even though it's considered
drinking water, the water tank itself does not have a cover. And
while we were out there we saw some disposed diapers. So even though
this is
considered 'good' water,"he said, it doesn't take into account "beer
bottles, dirty clothes, old clothes, rocks, brush whatever anybody
throws in

The second category was hard/salty water. "These waters meet primary and
secondary drinking water standards but exceed several secondary
Secondary meaning smell, taste, and discoloration. The water will have
unpleasant taste to people and may smell bad, but is not unhealthy. The
water is suitable for livestock but it is moderately alkaline and cows
sheep may not like the water from this well," Brown said.

There were eight wells which fell into the hard/salty water category.
are spread out all over," he said and are located in such areas as the
arroyo south of the Kerr-McGee mine, about a half-mile north of the
Rock Chapter, one in the Hard Ground, and two in the Superman Canyon

Four wells fell into the category of "bad water," meaning water which
approaches or exceeds drinking water standards for primary contaminants.

"The Lime Ridge water well, right across the King's Ranch, exceeded
standards. Well 16T-606 exceeds the radium standards and Well 14K-586
exceeds the arsenic standards," Brown said. There also are secondary
contaminants such as total dissolved solids, calcium, fluoride, iron and

This water is primarily used for livestock, according to Brown.

"As of today, we know that nobody drinks this water. The recommendation
not to have even livestock use that. A lot of what we were looking at
Water that is good for people; water that is good for people and
water that is not good for people but good for livestock; and then the
water' is for cattle and people NOT to use at all," he said.

Chapter officials will release the actual data at a later date, as that
information is still being compiled.

"One of the things Navajo Nation is stressing is not to utilize
water resources," Brown said. Officials are working with Navajo Tribal
Utility Authority to get all residents served by NTUA. "I'm not sure how
many people are being served in this area, but a lot of these areas are
NTUA's water resource," he said.

Brown and John Plummer of Navajo Nation EPA are continuing to test homes
the Church Rock area for radon. "We're about 50 percent completed with
radon program testing. Our goal is to test 175 homes," Brown said.
from the radon testing could be available in April. Results of a survey
gamma radiation conducted in October are still coming in and also are
expected to be available until late March or early April, he said.

The Church Rock Chapter also is working with Annabelle Allison of the
Air Monitoring Support Center to set up air monitoring stations."We have
air monitors that came from the Las Vegas EPA center. One is going to be
up on Water Pond Road and the second is going to be set up on Pipeline
Road," Brown said.

A site reconnaissance to determine the locations for installation was
conducted on Tuesday. The monitors run off electricity, so the chapter
be working with residents and Continental Divide Electric Co. to power

Anyone interested in assisting with the air monitoring is encouraged to
contact the chapter. The monitors are tentatively set to be installed in
mid-March, and a training date will be scheduled, Brown said. "They go
once a week and change the filters," which then will be sent to Las
for analysis. Results will be given to the chapter on a monthly basis
monitoring gets under way.

Brown said students from Wingate High School and a teacher at Gallup
High have expressed interest in the monitoring program. By working with
students, he said, it would give them hands-on laboratory experience and
insights into particulate monitoring, which might lead to interest in a
career with EPA, he said. "You never know."


When you cut to the bone  and cut away the college degrees, academic and
other titles, published books and articles, ours is essentially a
class and Indian family.  We consistently join unions  -- and we always
support them with the greatest vigor.

It's critical to always keep fighting -- and to always remember that, if
lives with grace, he/she should be prepared to die with grace.

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